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ARTS 1730 Lecture Notes

by: Jackson Notetaker

ARTS 1730 Lecture Notes ARTS 1730 - 001

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Notes taken on March 1
Introduction to Art History III
Kathryn Floyd
Class Notes
ARTS1730 Art History 3
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jackson Notetaker on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTS 1730 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Kathryn Floyd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art History III in Art at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 03/03/16
Moves towards abstraction; art relating back to itself as art. Gustav Courbet “The Stone Breakers” 1850  The beginning of the Avant-garde  Breaks away from the Academy by not submitting this work o Physically creates new space for his art independent from the salon o Also controls interpretation of his work by leading every aspect of it  Manifesto- pamphlet that tells about the works on display  8 feet wide, 5 ½ feet tall; massive work  Working class people depicted; the very bottom of the working class as well o They just break up rocks into gravel o Building roads towards the cities  Agrarian lifestyle shifting to urban o Ragged clothes o Closed off from the viewer  Aspects of realism take from neoclassicism a little  Simplistic background pushes the characters to the forefront  Differences from neoclassicism  Not linear  Muddy  No glorious subject  Low class/work reality  Subject is opposite of what Neoclassical represents  Formal Elements o Color of the figures are from the same pallet of the landscape o The canvas itself looks dirty due to color choice  Plague House at Jaffa uses colors to represent bloodiness without actually depicting graphic sicknesses  Two layers of reality is a movement toward Modernism and Abstraction  Void of 3 dimensionality, keeping you out  Thought of himself as a workman, rather than elevating art to an unnecessary class level o Creates surface like a bricklayer laying mortar before the bricks o He identifies with the people he depicts  Makes visible the invisible people of society o The flatness relates to the likes of common print-work that is affordable and mass produced. These kinds of forms are legible to the characters depicted El Greco “The Burial of Count Orgaz” 1586  Baroque work  Deceased is surrounded by clerics, priests, and bishops  Majority of the composition is covered in heavenly subjects  The dead is being lifted up into the heavens.  Visual contrast to Courbet’s funeral painting o Shocking to those used to this kind of painting, a very hopeless depiction of death showing the destination of the soul is into a hole in the ground o A painting about nothingness, which is the destination of the dead Millet “The Gleaners” 1857  Realist who isn’t as political as Courbet  Less extreme movement to reality  Image of the lower class  Gleaners- pick up the leftovers of a harvest in hopes to have enough to make bread  Gentler realism; not meant to shock o Brighter colors o More open o Figures don’t feel quite as cold in their relationship to the viewer o No emptiness, the composition is filled with somethings  More of a “walk into the painting” feeling  Subtle political statements o Guy on a horse is barking orders at the peasants, keeping them under control. o Color symbolism towards nationality  Slightly idealized  Figures still crushed under the horizon line o Part of the earth, though not as oppressive as the Stonebreakers  Mallet is a very religious person o Depicts some peasants during prayer in other paintings Rosa Bonheur “Plowing in the Nivernais: Dressing of the Vines” 1849  Happier feeling o Beautiful colors  Shows health and vibrancy  Fertility  Completely memetic o Much more detail o Extremely realistic o Very naturalistic o Almost photographic  Subject matter is about good work being done; a lot of productivity o Cattle and field is emphasized more than the farmers o Results of good work; soil looks great and oxen look healthy  Composition o Leads the eye back into the composition o Long slow diagonal gives a feeling of the slow lumbering pace of the cattle o You can feel how far they’ve been walking as they plow o Composition gives you a feeling of the work itself o Hopeful due to the slight slope they climb, though not devoid of challenge  Rosa Bonheur o Incredibly popular and well-liked by the public o Her favorite subjects are those of animals  She grew up on a farm o Petitioned gov’t of France to be able to wear pants  In order to get detailed looks, she has to go out into the fields  Pants would be more practical o Her studio is very barn-like, with actual animals at her disposal  Academic observation “Sketch for The Horse Fair” 1853  Collision of country and city  Depicts park in Paris where horses are brought to be sold o Being paraded around to show off for buyers  Conversation of how peasants flooding into cities is going to culturally affect the cities  Very precise painting; no visible brushstrokes  Turned into a print that many people bought for themselves o Line-drawing version Thomas Eakins  US realist  Idea of realism takes on a political “flavor” o Linked to democratic ideas  Depicts people of all classes  Understandable by everyone  Interesting portrait painter o Related to American ideals of individuality o Similar to John Singleton Copley  From Philadelphia o Central of the art world of US  Intelligent; lifelong learner o Constantly changes his artmaking process through his career  Paints people on the “cutting edge” who innovate o Including modern sports heroes  He was also a great teacher o Groundbreaking educational art ideas  Though they got him fired o He allowed women into life-drawing classes “Self-Portrait” 1889  Photograph  Looks at the world as a modern place of change “Max Schmidt in a Single Scull” 1871  Depiction at a modern sports star o Due to his interest in athletes o Champion rower  Max is in rest  Railroad track and a train in the background o Modern bridge and train (progress and tech advancement)  In nature, but we’re really in the city o A balance of the two o Urban space is quickly changing o Borders both sides with parts of urban buildings  Scientific perspective o Composition is gridded out and designed beforehand o Uses ratios to balance everything o Carefully mapped out the angles of the waves  Carefully painted; memetic “The Swimming Hole” 1883  Uses photos as tools to make more realistic images o Modern due to photo used to capture reality in a painting  Traditional as well as innovative o Pose at the man at the top is Contra Pasto (ancient pose) o Roman/Greek poses of the subjects o Photograph turned into something extremely classical o Almost captures motion where the subjects represent someone in the process of getting on the stone thing and jumping off  Chronophotography (captures motion) “Motion Study (Photo of a double jump)” 1884  A Chronophotograph o Used for scientific study o Made people realize that horses gallop with all four legs off the ground  Scientific management o Important to create assembly lines/factories in order to have people work more efficiently in time-studies. o Measures how fast people are moving so you can mechanize the body to make it more efficient “The Gross Clinic” 1875  Depicts Doctor Gross, who was an innovative doctor and Jefferson medical college o Changed how medical studies were taught  People apprenticed before Gross changed this o Filled an auditorium with people and taught them all at once  Created medical theater where the procedure can be observed  Room full of medical students operating on a real patient o Patient is incredibly foreshortened o Fragmenting, almost doesn’t seem like a human body o Accompanied by his mother  She is having an emotional reaction to the surgery due to the idea that the person is under anesthesia, which was seen almost to the point of death  Contrasts to the doctor who is rational, directive, and bloodied hand with a scalpel  Super modern surgery where he is fixing bone cancer where in the past they would just amputate the leg with the cancer  Forehead is illuminated to show his intellect o Composition leads to his forehead  Eakins is included in the far right side of the painting, because he attends some of the classes o Wielding a sketchbook and pencil  “the Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp” 1632 o Similar concept where a teacher is instructing students from a dead body  Signed his name into the wooden table in the painting TH  Hung as a part of a display of medical developments in the US 100 anniversary 


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