British Lit - Marlowe, Wyatt, Lanyer, & Sidney
British Lit - Marlowe, Wyatt, Lanyer, & Sidney EH 203
Jacksonville State University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kimberly Burke on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EH 203 at Jacksonville State University taught by Dr. Gates in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Survey of English Literature I in Foreign Language at Jacksonville State University.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
British Lit – Marlowe, Wyatt, Lanyer, & Sidney Marlowe • Christopher Marlowe o Important as an early Renaissance writer § Born 1 year apart from Shakespeare § Goes to University – probably studied Greek & Latin • Learning, knowledge – really important to Renaissance o Rise of the public stage – commercial, playwrights can make money o Faustus wasn’t published in Marlowe’s lifetime o Likely did not write the comic scenes in Faustus o Died prematurely in a Tavern o Atheist, spy for the Crown o Learned his trade from co-authoring with senior playwrights & filling in scenes o Famous for Elizabethan plays in Blank Verse (unrhymed Iambic Pentameter), ends with rhyming couplet Wyatt • Wyatt pg. 646 – in court of King Henry VIII early o May have seen/heard execution of Anne Boleyn from prison window o In prison b/c Henry VIII doesn’t like him o Travels to Italy & introduces sonnet form to England st § Pg.647 1 paragraph § Made up a new rhyme scheme – English sonnet • Italian • Petrarch • English sonnet – 3 quatrains & rhyming couplet o Short life b/c he was sickly • How the nature of religion changes during Henry VIII’s reign – Church of England o No more religious plays o Edward XI – on the thrown for a short time, endorses father’s anti- Catholicism o Bloody Mary – executes a lot of protestants & non-Catholics o Elizabeth – has Catholics executed o 5 wife – Catherine • Poetry in the short form is being perfected Aemilia Lanyer • 1 Englishwoman to publish a substantial volume of substantial poems • 1 Englishwoman to make an open bid for patronage • Part of a family of court musicians who came to England during Henry VIII • Poetry suggests she resided for some time in the bookish & cultivated household of Margaret Clifford • Published in her lifetime – Renaissance Era • Mistress to Henry Carey – marries her off to Lanyer when she gets pregnant • Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum o Volumes of poems, feminist o Series of dedicatory poems to former & would-be patronesses to praise them as a community of contemporary good women o Title poem – meditation on Christ’s passion § Comparable to Donne & Crashaw § Contrast good women in Passion story to the weak, evil men • Eve’s Apology o Apology – support or defense o Eve is not a character but is referenced o Based on Pilate’s wife – biblical - “Apostrophe” to Pilate § Apostrophe – direct reference to someone not present rd o Addressed Pilate’s wife in 3 person – pg.1346 (line 90) o Pg.1435 – Eve’s only fault was too much love (line 57) o Fortunate fall – God gave Adam & Eve free will o Don’t blame Eve for the fall of man o Pilate’s wife’s attitude Sir Philip Sidney • Considered a thinking man’s poet • Pg.1084 – headnote o By the time he began writing poetry, styles of writing were used & old
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