SOC 2010 Chapter 5 Notes
SOC 2010 Chapter 5 Notes Soc 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
Chapter 5: Life in Groups Group: people who share a characteristic and interact with each other Crowd: temporary gathering of people; interact but not necessarily similar Aggregate: people in same location but not lasting relationships Primary Group: people who identify with us most closely (family & friends) Secondary Group: not as closely knit as primary; usually goal focused and sometimes temporary Coworkers, classmates, sports teams, political groups Individual people are connected by social ties Anomie: alienation or loss of purpose because of weak social relationships and lots of change Dyad: 2 people; smallest social group Triad= 3-person group In-Group: group a person belongs and feels loyal to Out-Group: group someone feels isolated or different from Reference Group: group that someone uses to compare and evaluate themselves against Groupthink: occurs in close knit groups where conformity is stressed and causes everyone in that group to think the same or similarly Prescriptions: actions a group wants its members to take Proscriptions: actions a group wants its members to avoid Compliance: weakest type of conformity Identification: stronger than compliance; typically done to create or continue a relationship with a person or group Internalization: strongest type of conformity; person adopts beliefs and actions of a group and makes them their own Social Loafing: more people added to a task will mean each additional person will work slightly less Power: ability to control peoples’ actions Coercive Power: enforced by force or threats of force Influential Power: backed by persuasion Authority: legitimate right to have power Traditional Authority: based on customs, birth, or divine right Legal-Rational Authority: based on laws, rules, procedures Charismatic Authority: based on perception of personal qualities Types of Leadership: Instrumental: goal oriented Expressive: focus on group cooperation and harmony Bureaucracy: secondary group that performs tasks efficiently Specialization: members assigned to specific tasks Technical Competence: trained for their specific roles Hierarchy: higher ranking people oversee subordinates (lower rank) Rules & Regulations: make bureaucratic activities predictable Impersonal: rules come before individuals; no special treatment Formal Written Communication: keep things organized and communicated clearly Rationalization: focuses on logic over individuals McDonaldization: Ritzer; spread of rationalization; more efficient but more dehumanization Groups help to provide things necessary for people to live but also can cause problems
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