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SOC 2010 Chapter 5 Notes

by: kyle.gosland

SOC 2010 Chapter 5 Notes Soc 2010

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Chapter 5 lecture and reading notes
Introduction to sociology
Mary Barr
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 03/03/16
Chapter 5: Life in Groups  Group: people who share a characteristic and interact with each other  Crowd: temporary gathering of people; interact but not necessarily similar  Aggregate: people in same location but not lasting relationships  Primary Group: people who identify with us most closely (family & friends)  Secondary Group: not as closely knit as primary; usually goal focused and sometimes temporary  Coworkers, classmates, sports teams, political groups  Individual people are connected by social ties  Anomie: alienation or loss of purpose because of weak social relationships and lots of change  Dyad: 2 people; smallest social group  Triad= 3-person group  In-Group: group a person belongs and feels loyal to  Out-Group: group someone feels isolated or different from  Reference Group: group that someone uses to compare and evaluate themselves against  Groupthink: occurs in close knit groups where conformity is stressed and causes everyone in that group to think the same or similarly  Prescriptions: actions a group wants its members to take  Proscriptions: actions a group wants its members to avoid  Compliance: weakest type of conformity  Identification: stronger than compliance; typically done to create or continue a relationship with a person or group  Internalization: strongest type of conformity; person adopts beliefs and actions of a group and makes them their own  Social Loafing: more people added to a task will mean each additional person will work slightly less  Power: ability to control peoples’ actions  Coercive Power: enforced by force or threats of force  Influential Power: backed by persuasion  Authority: legitimate right to have power  Traditional Authority: based on customs, birth, or divine right  Legal-Rational Authority: based on laws, rules, procedures  Charismatic Authority: based on perception of personal qualities  Types of Leadership:  Instrumental: goal oriented  Expressive: focus on group cooperation and harmony  Bureaucracy: secondary group that performs tasks efficiently  Specialization: members assigned to specific tasks  Technical Competence: trained for their specific roles  Hierarchy: higher ranking people oversee subordinates (lower rank)  Rules & Regulations: make bureaucratic activities predictable  Impersonal: rules come before individuals; no special treatment  Formal Written Communication: keep things organized and communicated clearly  Rationalization: focuses on logic over individuals  McDonaldization: Ritzer; spread of rationalization; more efficient but more dehumanization  Groups help to provide things necessary for people to live but also can cause problems


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