Week 5 Notes
Popular in British Literature to 1798
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Foreign Language
Justine Anne Guevarra
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Flippen on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 221 at Towson University taught by K. Attie in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see British Literature to 1798 in Foreign Language at Towson University.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
th th 16 and 17 Century Poetry Vocab Scansion scanning the poem for the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables Example: (/ for stressed and U for unstressed syllables) Thence passing fourth, they shortly do arrive. Iambic Pentameter (10 beats or 5 sets) Iambic Tetrameter (8 beats or 4 sets) Trochee Tetrameter (8 beats or 4 sets) – starts with / not U Edmund Spenser The Second Booke of the Faerie Queene 1 Theme: Relationship Between Art and Nature Background Inherited from the ancients through the debate by philosophers about which is more aesthetically pleasing General belief: “That natures worke by art can imitate” (Canto 12, stanza 42). Art can only imitate and not rival nature’s work. Aesthetically pleasing art is morally hazardous Art can contain lifelike deception (12, 61). Competition accidentally creates collaboration beauty is beauty It creates the beautiful garden (12, 59) ALSO related to music versus nature “instruments, windes, water, all agree” (12, 70) 2 Temperance Basically, control your passions! The story: Enclosed garden is easy to enter, but hard to exit, like sin in general (12, 43). Thin walled indicates a focus on beauty rather than utility. a. Allegorically: thinly controlled passions Excesse character a. Extends hand to Guyon to offer gold, but he rejects it Acrasia (meaning intemperance) a. Cleopatra reference (“orient”) entices, but does not satisfy b. Allegorically: traps “verdant”/ green or new man: portrays the gentlemanly reader of this text c. Mythologically: Venus and her lover Mars are captured in a net 3 The Genius of the Bower Suspicious Figure “more than naturall” (12, 46) Destructive, but physically appealing Opposes generation of life Tempting figure Indulgent priest at mass Staff for formality, drinking cup (12, 4649) Sir Guyon tries to show him temperance: “But he hid his idle curtesie defied, / And overthrew his bowl disdain fury” (12, 49). 4 Setting Eternal spring of paradise “Nor scorching heat, nor cold temperate” (12, 51) Alluring like Eden, BUT deceptive “With boughs and braunches which did broad dilate” (12, 53) “wanton wreathings” – succumbing to sexual desires Effortless, painted art like Eden (12,88) a. Similar to the Renaissance aesthetic virtue: sprezzatura an effortless grace/ arts that hides itself 5 Catholicism vs. Protestantism Ransacking of the garden mirrors the destruction of Catholic churches by Protestants BUT Wrathful: more fitting of allegory than Guyon in the garden (12, 83) Renaissance Love and Desire 1 Epics and Sonnets Epics: meant for publication Sonnets: intimate (not meant for popularity limited audience) 2 Francesco Petrarcha (Petrarch) Life: 13041374 Most influential Renaissance love poet Made the sonnet famous through Canzoniere a. Topic: The (married) Petrarchan mistress named “Laura” who died from the plague b. “Laura” from “Laurel” – literal crown of poetic achievement Petrarchan Mistress qualities Unattainable (on a pedestal) Virtuous Beautiful Idealized and idolized Typically, of higher social class 3 Sir Thomas Wyatt – The Elder Translated Petrarch’s work into English verse in the 1590s Petrarch’s popularity “I Find No Peace” Style: a. Oxymoron: (an impossible contradiction): “I burn and freeze like ice” (2) b. Paradox: (in title) emphasis on lovers being in both a state of anguish and bliss as a kind of irrational sickness Theme: a. Desire for an unattainable woman (there, but not tangibly there) maintained idealization 4 Sir Phillip Sidney Astrophel and Stella – Stargazer and star Themes: a. Belief in wooing his love through her pity b. Seeks inspiration from other peoples’ poems: “studying inventors fire” c. Need to look into one’s own heart for inspiration: “look in thy heart and write” Conventional metaphor: a. Poetry as a masculine birth: “thus great with child to speak” (12) Sonnet 47 Metapoetic sonnet: he reflects on the struggles to write poetry a. Pushes against the confines of the sonnet forms, but gives in: “am I born a slave, / whose neck becomes such yoke of tyranny?” (34) Play on words: a. Eye vs. I in quote below Themes: a. Desire to free himself from love’s trap b. BUT virtue is more important than beauty c. BUT when she walks in, he realizes he still loves her: “that eye / Doth make my heart give to my tongue the lie” (1314) 5 William Shakespeare Sonnet 3 Narration: To a beautiful young man untraditional (besides Michelangelo a. Likely addressed to the patron (as part of the art patronage system) Theme: a. Encourages man to marry and be remembered through a child (who will allow him to conquer time) b. BUT it’s uncertain if the child will have his good looks c. ESPECIALLY because “Thou art thy mother’s glass” (9), so the kid may not look like him Sonnet 18 Theme: a. Your beauty will live on through this poem. This expresses the classical claim of poetic immortality (through people such as Ovid). “So long lives this” (14) b. Irony: Shakespeare is actually immortalized Sonnet 20 Theme: a. Admiration of male beauty (giving up homoerotic desires and definitely not love) b. Sexism: cheating women Sonnet 130 Style: a. Operates within the sonnet parameters, but undermines tradition through unconventional message Theme: a. Addresses/parodies conventional descriptions of a Sonneteer’s mistress thus separates himself from classical counterparts AND addresses false praise of women. b. Separation from other sonneteer’s through actually knowing the woman
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