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Week 5 Notes

by: Shelby Flippen

Week 5 Notes ENGL 221

Shelby Flippen

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Spenser's The Faerie Queene, Petrarch (Francesco Petrarcha), Sir Thomas Wyatt's "I Find No Peace," Sir Phillip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella and Sonnet 47, and William Shakespeare's sonnets 3, 18, ...
British Literature to 1798
K. Attie
Class Notes
SpenserThe Faerie Queene, Petrarch (Francesco Petrarcha), Sir Thomas Wyatt's "I Find No Peace, " Sir Phillip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella and Sonnet 47, and William Shakespeare's sonnets 3, 18, 20, and 130.
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Flippen on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 221 at Towson University taught by K. Attie in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see British Literature to 1798 in Foreign Language at Towson University.

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Date Created: 03/03/16
th th 16    and 17     Century Poetry Vocab  Scansion­ scanning the poem for the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables Example: (/ for stressed and U for unstressed syllables) Thence passing fourth, they shortly do arrive. ­ Iambic Pentameter (10 beats or 5 sets) ­ Iambic Tetrameter (8 beats or 4 sets) ­ Trochee Tetrameter (8 beats or 4 sets) – starts with / not U Edmund Spenser The Second Booke of the Faerie Queene 1   Theme: Relationship Between Art and Nature  Background ­ Inherited from the ancients through the debate by philosophers about which is  more aesthetically pleasing  ­ General belief: “That natures worke by art can imitate” (Canto 12, stanza 42).  Art can only imitate and not rival nature’s work.  Aesthetically pleasing art is morally hazardous  ­ Art can contain lifelike deception (12, 61).  Competition accidentally creates collaboration beauty is beauty ­ It creates the beautiful garden (12, 59)  ALSO related to music versus nature ­ “instruments, windes, water, all agree” (12, 70)   2   Temperance   Basically, control your passions!  The story: ­ Enclosed garden is easy to enter, but hard to exit, like sin in general (12, 43).  ­ Thin walled indicates a focus on beauty rather than utility.  a. Allegorically: thinly controlled passions        Excesse character  a. Extends hand to Guyon to offer gold, but he rejects it        Acrasia (meaning intemperance)  a. Cleopatra reference (“orient”) entices, but does not satisfy  b. Allegorically: traps “verdant”/ green or new man: portrays the gentlemanly  reader of this text c. Mythologically: Venus and her lover Mars are captured in a net 3   The Genius of the Bower  Suspicious Figure ­ “more than naturall” (12, 46)   Destructive, but physically appealing ­ Opposes generation of life ­ Tempting figure  Indulgent priest at mass ­ Staff for formality, drinking cup (12, 46­49) ­  Sir Guyon tries to show him temperance: “But he hid his idle curtesie defied, /  And overthrew his bowl disdain fury” (12, 49). 4   Setting  Eternal spring of paradise  ­ “Nor scorching heat, nor cold temperate” (12, 51)  Alluring like Eden, BUT deceptive ­ “With boughs and braunches which did broad dilate” (12, 53) ­ “wanton wreathings” – succumbing to sexual desires  ­ Effortless, painted art­ like Eden (12,88) a. Similar to the Renaissance aesthetic virtue: sprezzatura­ an effortless grace/  arts that hides itself  5   Catholicism vs. Protestantism  Ransacking of the garden mirrors the destruction of Catholic churches by Protestants  ­ BUT Wrathful: more fitting of allegory than Guyon in the garden (12, 83) Renaissance Love and Desire 1   Epics and Sonnets  Epics: meant for publication  Sonnets: intimate (not meant for popularity­ limited audience) 2   Francesco Petrarcha (Petrarch)  Life: 1304­1374  Most influential Renaissance love poet ­ Made the sonnet famous through Canzoniere a. Topic: The (married) Petrarchan mistress named “Laura” who died from the  plague b. “Laura” from “Laurel” – literal crown of poetic achievement   Petrarchan Mistress qualities ­ Unattainable (on a pedestal) ­ Virtuous  ­ Beautiful  ­ Idealized and idolized  ­ Typically, of higher social class  3   Sir Thomas Wyatt – The Elder  Translated Petrarch’s work into English verse in the 1590s  Petrarch’s popularity   “I Find No Peace”  ­ Style:  a. Oxymoron: (an impossible contradiction): “I burn and freeze like ice” (2) b. Paradox: (in title) emphasis on lovers being in both a state of anguish and bliss as a kind of irrational sickness ­ Theme: a. Desire for an unattainable woman (there, but not tangibly there)  maintained  idealization  4   Sir Phillip Sidney  Astrophel and Stella – Stargazer and star ­ Themes:  a. Belief in wooing his love through her pity  b. Seeks inspiration from other peoples’ poems: “studying inventors fire”  c. Need to look into one’s own heart for inspiration: “look in thy heart and  write” ­ Conventional metaphor:  a. Poetry as a masculine birth: “thus great with child to speak” (12)  Sonnet 47 ­ Metapoetic sonnet: he reflects on the struggles to write poetry a. Pushes against the confines of the sonnet forms, but gives in:  “am I born a slave, / whose neck becomes such yoke of tyranny?” (3­4) ­ Play on words:  a. Eye vs. I in quote below ­ Themes: a. Desire to free himself from love’s trap  b. BUT virtue is more important than beauty  c. BUT when she walks in, he realizes he still loves her:  “that eye / Doth make my heart give to my tongue the lie” (13­14) 5   William Shakespeare  Sonnet 3 ­ Narration: To a beautiful young man­ untraditional (besides Michelangelo a. Likely addressed to the patron (as part of the art patronage system) ­ Theme:  a. Encourages man to marry and be remembered through a child (who will allow him to conquer time)  b. BUT it’s uncertain if the child will have his good looks c. ESPECIALLY because “Thou art thy mother’s glass” (9), so the kid may not  look like him  Sonnet 18 ­ Theme: a. Your beauty will live on through this poem. This expresses the classical claim  of poetic immortality (through people such as Ovid). “So long lives this” (14) b. Irony: Shakespeare is actually immortalized  Sonnet 20 ­ Theme:  a. Admiration of male beauty (giving up homoerotic desires and definitely not  love)  b. Sexism: cheating women  Sonnet 130 ­ Style: a. Operates within the sonnet parameters, but undermines tradition through  unconventional message ­ Theme: a. Addresses/parodies conventional descriptions of a Sonneteer’s mistress  thus separates himself from classical counterparts AND addresses false praise of  women.  b. Separation from other sonneteer’s through actually knowing the woman  


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