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Psych 110 Homework Notes

by: Madison Briel

Psych 110 Homework Notes PSYC 110 - 008

Madison Briel

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About this Document

This is a detailed outline of the information covered in the homework reading due Friday 3/4/2016. This will be super helpful to read over if you didn't have time to read all 12 pages. Hope this ...
General Psychology -
Alexander Malik Khaddouma
Class Notes
psych 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Briel on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 03/03/16
Homework Notes: Page 371-383 Due. Friday March 4, 2016 The Developing Mind: Cognitive Development -Understand major theories of how children’s thinking develops -Explain how children acquire knowledge in important cognitive domains -Describe how attitudes toward knowledge change during adolescence Theories of Cognitive Development: 1. Some propose stage-like changes in understanding (sudden spurts in knowledge followed by periods of stability), others more continuous (gradual, incremental) changes in understanding. 2. Some adopt a domain-general account of development, others a domain-specific account. 3. Cognitive developmental models differ in their views of the principal source of learning. Some models emphasize physical experience, others social interaction, and still others biological maturation. Jean Piaget (1896-1980)-the first to present a comprehensive account of cognitive development. He attempted to identify the stages that children pass through on their way to adult-like thinking. Assimilation- Piagetian process of absorbing new experience into current knowledge structures Accommodation- Piagetian process of altering a belief to make it more compatible with experience Piaget’s Stages of Development 1. Sensorimotor Stage- characterized by a focus on the here and now without the ability to represent experiences mentally a. Object Permanence- the understanding that objects continue to exist even when out of view 2. Preoperational Stage- characterized by the ability to construct mental representations of experience, but not yet perform operations on them a. Egocentrism- inability to see the world from others’ perspectives b. Conservation- task requiring children to understand that despite a transformation in the physical presentation of an amount, the amount remains the same 3. Concrete Operational Stage- characterized by the ability to perform mental operations on physical events only 4. Formal Operations Stage- characterized by the ability to perform hypothetical reasoning beyond the here and now Scaffolding- learning mechanism in which parents provide initial assistance in children’s learning but gradually remove structure as children become more competent Zone of proximal development- phase of learning during which children can benefit from instruction Contemporary Theories of Cognitive Development 1. General Cognitive Accounts 2. Sociocultural Accounts 3. Modular Accounts Theory of mind- ability to reason about what other people know or believe Cognitive Function in Adulthood 1. Although free recall (being asked questions to generate items from memory) declines with age, cued recall and recognition remain intact 2. Aging adults show relatively little decline when asked to remember material that’s pertinent to their everyday lives, as opposed to the random lists of words often used in memory research 3. Older adults perform better on most vocabulary and knowledge tests than do younger adults. Crystallized intelligence, out accumulated knowledge and experience, tends to stay the same or increase with age, giving older adults a greater database on information on which to draw when solving problems.


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