PSYC 160, Week 8 Notes
PSYC 160, Week 8 Notes PSYC 160
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Dowell on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 160 at James Madison University taught by Kristen Davidson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Life Span Human Development in Psychlogy at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 03/04/16
Chapter Four Continued th VA is ranked 13 with the 02/29/16 highest number of HIV cases 1. Psychological Well-being a. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) – disease model with no gray area 2. Depression – a mood disorder associated with sadness and thought to be caused by low serotonin levels a. Zero evidence that serotonin levels cause depression b. Studies show that serotonin levels remain the same c. 30 million people are on anti-depressants, which creates $10 billion in revenue for drug companies d. Anti-depressants are ineffective. You tell yourself it’s working. e. A study found that the effect of anti-depressants are negligible and only 13% of people reported feeling a change f. For an anti-depressants to be FDA approved it needs two positive trials showing the drug is better than a placebo and is allowed unlimited negative trials 3. Personality Disorders a. Enduring pattern of behavior that does not fit the norm and leads to impairment b. 1 out of 5 college age people have a personality disorder, but fewer than 20% are diagnosed c. Many kinds, including: i. Obsessive-Compulsive P.D. – a mental condition in which a person is preoccupied with: making lists, rules, control 1. Example would be hoarders, because it gives them a false sense of control 2. They were likely punished for negative behavior and given no positive reinforcement 3. Developed a habit of rigidly following rules ii. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – excessive thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions) 1. NOT a personality disorder! 2. Ex. excessive hand washing, fear of intruders or leaving stove on 3. Preoccupied with violent acts against themselves, sexual thoughts, and neatness 4. Know their behavior is abnormal iii. Borderline P.D. – mental disorder characterized by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. 1. One week they love you and the next week they hate you 2. Problem with boundaries 3. Often found in females with distant mothers 4. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) – treatment for borderline P.D. iv. Antisocial P.D. – a mental health disorder characterized by disregard for other people v. Narcissistic P.D. – a disorder in which a person has an inflated sense of self-importance vi. Paranoid P.D., Histrionic P.D., Avoidant P.D., Dependent P.D. d. Diathesis Stress Model – gene that gets stressed consistently over time will turn into a personality disorder 4. Alzheimer’s a. Forgetfulness turns into memory loss b. Cerebral cortex is pitted, which messes with neural architecture c. Brain shrinks and deteriorates d. Believed to have a genetic basis e. Statistics i. If 1 parent has it, 50% chance child will have it th ii. In 2004 it was the 7 leading cause of death iii. In 2005, there were 5 million diagnosed cases iv. Expected to triple in next 50 years f. Early onset = Younger than 65; life expectancy is 4-5 years g. Late onset = 65 and older; life expectancy is 10 years 5. Parkinson’s Disease – a disorder of the central nervous system that affects movement, often including tremors a. Triggered by degeneration of dopamine producing neurons 6. Coffee a. A study on mice found that long term caffeine consumption seems to have a profound effect on retaining memory b. 3 cups of black coffee a day reduces risk for Parkinson’s disease by 40% c. Coffee destroys dementia brain cells d. Regular coffee drinkers are more likely to be protected from multiple diseases 7. Rodin and Langer (1977) a. Performed a study on nursing home residents b. 1 group was allowed to make decisions for themselves and the other group was restricted from making decisions c. 18 months later, the group allowed to make their own decisions was happier and healthier and only half had died compared to the other group 8. Breastfeeding Benefits a. Decreased diarrhea and childhood cancers, less UTIs b. Moms who breastfeed have fewer incidences of breast cancer and experience weight loss c. Appears to make the child smarter d. 9 out of 10 breastfed kids had an IQ 7 points higher than those who were bottle fed e. 90% of babies have a digestive gene that turns milk fats into polyunsaturated fats 9. Kangaroo Care a. Skin to skin contact between parent and infant b. Results in regulated temperature and heart rate 10.Massage therapy a. Often practiced on premature babies to promote weight gain
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