Popular in Business Ethics
Popular in Liberal Arts
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Rogers on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1040 at Auburn University taught by Scott Hill in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Business Ethics in Liberal Arts at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
Thursday August 20 2015 Metaethics The Error of Theory no moral statements are true Moral statements are the sorts of things that are capable of being true of false sometimes people think they are true But no moral statement is true No true moral statements abortion is wrong and abortion is right are both false Like atheism about morality God is loving and god is hateful are false No one is really right or wrong NonCognitivism No moral statements are true No moral statements are false Just expressing emotions or issuing commands Subjectivism some moral statements are true and some are false depending on what you feel If someone makes the statement abortion is right and that person believes it then abortion is bad for that person If someone makes the statement abortion is wrong and believes it then its true for that person Abortion is right Abortion is right for me or I believe abortion is right Abortion is wrong abortion is wrong or me or I believe abortion is wrong Relativism A moral statement is true for a person if and only if that statement is part of the moral code of that persons society Morality is like the standards of law and etiquette If according to the moral code of my society abortion is wrong then the statement abortion is wrong is true for me Thursday August 20 2015 These statements are true no matter what I believe Objectivisim Some moral statements are true and some moral statements are false whether or not a moral statement is true or false does not depend on what anybody thinks about it Giving to the poor is good is true and it doesn39t matter what anybody thinks about it It is possible for individuals and societies to be mistaken about the truth and falsity of moral statements Moral statements are like statements about science or math or history are supposed to be they are true And whether they are true doesn39t depend on what anyone thinks Tuesday August 25 2015 The First Argument From Moral Progress against subjectivism 1 If subjectivism is true then Tom became morally perfect just by believing that whatever he does is good 2 But Tom didn39t become morally perfect 3 So subjectivism is false A You cant just decide you are a better person you have to actually be one B bad Argument because what is morally perfect The Second Argument From Moral Progress against subjectivism 1 Moral progress is possible 2 if 1 the subjectivism is false 3 So subjectivism is false Argument Against Subjectivism form Disagreement 1 If subjectivism is true then moral disagreement never happens 2 But moral disagreement does happen 3 So subjectivism is false The Argument From Moral Error against subjectivism 1 Sometimes an individual has mistaken beliefs about morality 2 If 1 then subjectivism is false 3 So subjectivism is false The Argument from Tolerance against Objectivism 1 if Tolerance is valuable then objectivism is false 2 Tolerance is valuable 3 So objectivism is false Thursday August 27 2015 The Argument Against Objectivism From Occam s Razor 1 If a hypothesis is not needed to explain any observations then we are not justified in believing it The hypothesis that moral properties exist is not needed to explain any of our observations Therefore we are not justified in believing that moral properties exist The Argument From Disagreement Against Objectivism 1 If wellinformed openminded people intractably disagree about wide range of claims made in an area of inquiry then there is strong evidence that claims made about that area of inquiry are not objectively true Wellinformed openminded people intractably disagree about a wide range of claims made about morality So there is strong evidence that claims made about ethics are not objectively true Summary if smart people disagree about something there is no truth in it
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