Applications of Classical Conditioning
Applications of Classical Conditioning PSY 320
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailee Zemlock on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Amazeen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Learning and Motivation in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
Applications of Classical Conditioning September 8 2015 Quick review from last class What are the three ways in which a conditioned response is never 100 gone 1 Spontaneous Recovery 2 Reacquisition 3 Disinhibition Other conditions serving as stimuli that are CS Generalization a general tendency to respond similarly to stimuli that look sound smell feel the same as the original stimuli 0 To treat generalization use the generalization gradient bell curve of different stimuli to similar stimuli to make a fear hierarchy This will hopefully eliminate phobias taste aversions through the use of systematic desensitization Context the use of history and contextual cues to create a new association between the CS and the US 0 Ex Dentist s office I Contextual cues the drill the smell the xray machine etc I History buffers against conditioning if you bring a child to the dentist before they need any work done they will enjoy the simple encouraging experience more However if the history is bad first time they went to the dentist they got 3 teeth pulled then it will add to any existing dentist phobias HigherOrder Conditioning classical conditioning occurs with the Conditioned Stimulus and an Unconditioned Stimulus THEN an additional CS is created by pairing it with the original CS even if it is never paired with the US 0 Social behavior works this way If your friend feels strongly about something you are more likely to feel that way I Conditioned Stimulus Best Friend I Unconditioned Stimulus Have good times together I Conditioned Response You like this person I Conditioned Stimulus 2 Best friend is recommending a class I Conditioned Response You are more inclined to like that class and like it a little because you like that person 0 Advertising works this way on purpose They will use celebrities to endorse a product if the celebrity likes that produce consumers fans will like it too 0 Language Learning learning something is good bad based off of Word US pairing The word quotouchquot is associated with pain which then causes avoidance of the thing that causes the quotouchquot Then a dangerous CS is associated with quotouchquot and develops an avoidance Conditioned Inhibition quotinhibitsquot a response from occurring In fact a stimulus is conditioned to PREVENT a response from happening 0 Conditioned change in behavior Applications of Classical Conditioning September 8 2015 o Inhibited prevent a response 0 It can t just be neural The word paper does NOT cause salvation so using that as an inhibitor is not accurate There are steps that go into this 1 Classical Conditioning is always first a CS US 9 CR i You come to class and have fun 2 Inhibition a CS US 9 CR i normal day at class still having fun b CS New CS US 9 NO CR i President Crow comes in to observe the class not having fun Another example When you come home from school you jump into some comfy clothes and are happy that your day is over and you are comfortable A quick way to inhibit that happy response is to find out that your parents have guests over and you must stay in your fancy uncomfortable clothes and socialize with old people Buzz kill Testing whether CS really is inhibitory o Summation Test pairing the CS with a new CS and there should benoCR o Retardation Test pairing the CS with a happy US It will take longer to turn into a CS and it ll have a slower acquisition I Back to the President Crow example if he comes into your class but brings cookies for everyone you may slowly retard or lose your negative conditions about it But it will take a while to turn into a positive CS Unless he gives us all free tuition Then that s pretty positive Five Temporal Arrangements As we already know Order is very important When a CS is followed by a US we call it shortdelay conditioning short delay between the onset of the CS and the onset of the US 0 Fastest temporal arrangement 0 Greatest predictability of the US Simultaneous Conditioning occurs when the CS and US happen at the same time 0 Dancing with friends while music is playing 9 then you associate music with having a good time 0 Medium time conditioning o The CS is not as good of a predictor of the US 0 Longdelay conditioning the CS and US happen at the same time but the CS continues for a long time before the US 0 Medium time 0 CS is not quite a great predictor of the US but it still precedes it Applications of Classical Conditioning September 8 2015 o The garage door opens for a long period of time before a dog gets to see you walk through the back door Trace conditioning you must hold a memory of the CS before the US occurs 0 Not a great predictor space in between 0 Mediumslow 0 Ex Kids have long routines before they actually get in bed for the night 0 Ex If Pavlov waited a while after ringing the bell before finally giving a treat to the dog Backward conditioning the US occurring before the CS 0 Very slow conditioning o Comes an Inhibitory conditioning CS 0 CS signals the disappearance of the US 0 Dogs learn that after swimming they get dried off with a towel This eventually signals to them that the fun is over
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