Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes SCED 305
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chaelin Despres on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SCED 305 at Towson University taught by Dr. Jamie Silverman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Development in Education and Teacher Studies at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
SCED 305 Week 3 9820159 102015 In Class Reading Chapter 3 Erikson s Stages of Psychosocial Development 0 0 Each stage has a crisiscritical issue that needs to be resolved I Resolved satisfactorily or they continue into later years 0 EX An identity crisis in one s 405 midlife crisis Stage 1 Trust v Mistrust 018 months I Develop basic trust in world from mothermaternal gure 0 Make sure basic needs are met Stage 2 Autonomy v Doubt 18 months3 years I Dual desire to hold on and let go o If not given independence can create powerlessness and incompetence Stage 3 Initiative v Guilt 3 6 years I Maturing motorlanguage skills can cause children to be aggressivevigorous in exploring socialphysical environment 0 Restricting this can cause children to feel guilty about natural urges Stage 4 Industry v Inferiority 612 years I Desire to succeed I Failure or perception of failure may hinder further learning Stage 5 Identity v Role Confusion 1218 years I Need to questionredefine their psychosocial identity Stage 6 Intimacy v Isolation Young Adulthood I Seeking a relationship of trust and intimacy Stage 7 Generativity v SelfAbsorption Middle Adulthood I Need to continue to grow to avoid feelings of stagnation Stage 8 Integrity v Despair Late Adulthood I Acceptance of life and death Implications and Criticisms 0 Everyone resolves their crisis at different times I Dependent upon homepersonal issues 0 Emphasizes the role of the environment 0 Doesn t explain howwhy one progresses through stages Views of Moral Development 0 Piaget s Stages of PersonalMoral Development I Cognitive abilities develop first Heteronomous Morality Autonomous Morality In exible rules by authorities actions Intentions are greater than the results of one s Rules are permanent and must be followed There are times where it is okay to break rules not as permanentin exible Egocentrism others view rulefollowing in the same way We view what is right differently Degree of punishment depends on how bad the results of an action were of behavior Punishment depends on intentions and degree Misbehavior will always be punished Coincidental bad outcomes are not punishments for misbehaviors Kohlberg s Stages of Moral Reasoning o Elaborationrefinement of Piaget I Monitored responses to moral dilemmas 1Preconventional Level 2Conventional Level 3PostConventional Level Rules are set by others Individuals adopt rules as needed will cater to values of Individuals define valuesrules in accordance familyfriends with own ethical principles Stage 1 Punishment v Stage 3 Good BoyGood Stage 5 Social Contract Obedience Girl Rightness individual Physical Consequences Goodness rights and society determine pleaseshelpsapprove standards goodnessbadness d of by others 9 Laws can be changed niceness depending upon a society Stage 2 Instrumental Stage 4 Law and Order Stage 6 Universal Ethical Relativist Right Duty Respect Principle Rightness satisfies own for Authority and In accordance with needs Maintaining the conscience and self Fairnessreciprocity is Social Order chosen ethics limited In the abstract Criticisms 0 Mostly involved boys I Found that boys centered on justice while girls favored caring and responsibility for others 0 Children can reason about morality more than the stages suggest 0 Deals with moral reasoning rather than actual behavior I Dilemmas were all hypotheticals Socioemotional Development During Preschool Years 0 Move from family relationships to one that include peers 0 Peer Relationships 9 help overcome egocentrism I Prosocial behavior voluntary actions towards others caring sharing comforting cooperating 0 Play 9 increased social interaction and sophistication I Exercise injustice cognitive and social skills
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