Chapter 5: Feeling Stressed?
Chapter 5: Feeling Stressed? PSY 462
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailee Zemlock on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 462 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Luecken in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
Chapter 5 Defining Measuring and Managing Stress September 8 2015 EXAM September 15th covers chapters 1 2 4 and 5 Know the difference between correlational studies experimental studies etc Multiple choice short answer short essay How do we define stress We use it to describe the event or how we are feeling a stimulus response or interaction Stress as a stimulus a stressor Stress as a response a negative emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical physiological cognitive and behavioral changes directed towards altering the stressful eventquot Stress as an interaction the main way we use it the person and environment matter because it depends on how an individual responds to certain events Some of the sources of Stress Cataclysmic events Hurricanes 911 etc Changes in a person s life history divorce death etc Hassles from everyday life traffic missing a phone call misplacing keys Perceptions Physical threat Psychological stress Threats to social position or status marital fights people reject you getting red What MAKES something Stressful Uncontrollability demands exceed control Perceived threat level depends on your ability to cope with it Unpredictability something bad is going to happen but you don t know when it s going to happen Ambiguity uncertainty Positive events weddings super bowl musicals graduation dating 0 Called Eustress positive stress Selye s View of Stress Hans Selye decided to figure out the physical symptoms in the body from stress 1956 conceptualized stress as a nonspecific response and used the General Adaptation Syndrome model to explain how stress related to physical illness 0 Nonspecific responsequot any stressor would prompt that same stress response General Adaptation Syndrome the body s generalized attempt to defend against a stressor 3 stages 0 Alarm Stage initial response to stressor stimulus 0 Resistance body mobilizes to defend again stressor Chapter 5 Defining Measuring and Managing Stress September 8 2015 o Exhaustion continuation of a response to a stressor that can lead to exhaustion and depleted bodily resources Continued stress will cause prolonged resistance which can cause illness like ulcers hypertension asthma and a poor immune system Might even lead to death in some serious cases His research is a bit too simplistic but it led to more research about how people experience stress differently Lazarus s View of Stress In 1984 Lazarus conceptualized stress as being determined by a person He claims that it does not involve the event or the response but rather the perception of the situation that determines stress Stress is interactional between a person and the environment Person s appraisal is key in determining what is stressful 1 Primary appraisal person determines whether the event is irrelevant benignpositive good or stressful 2 Secondary appraisal person determines whether they can successfully apply coping strategies to alleviate stress 3 Reappraisal person incorporates any new information Stress arises when the situation is threatening challenging or harmful Coping is a process it always changes and adapts to the situation Coping is not automatic it is learned patterns that require effort for manage CognitiveBehavioral view of stress all interconnected Thoughts 9 feelings 9 behaviors 9 Physical symptoms
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