Geography 1010, Major Physical Features in Southeast Asia
Geography 1010, Major Physical Features in Southeast Asia GEOG 1010-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justice Notetaker on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010-002 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Carmen Brysch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 126 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/04/16
Major Rivers These major rivers cut through the mountain ranges listed above, giving us our plateaus, river basins, and deltas in the region. Rivers that run from West to East: Irrawaddy (runs through Myanmar) Salween (runs through China and the eastern half of Myanmar) Ping and Yom (both run through Thailand, and are tributaries of the Chao Phraya river) Chao Phraya Red (runs through China and into Vietnam) Mekong (originated in Tibet) o Runs through China, forming the border between Myanmar and Laos (forming a boundary between Laos and Thailand), eventually ending in Vietnam o Lower Mekong runs through sedimentary rock, having created massive river plains in Cambodia and a broad delta in Vietnam This delta is highly fertile and perfect for rice cultivation This is why Vietnam is the second largest exporter of rice globally o Provides irrigation, fish and water for 65 million people o Is the 2nd most biologically diverse river system in the world Mekong River Commission- 1995 An intergovernmental body concerned with the Mekong River basin and are charged to "promote and co-ordinated sustainable management and development of water and related resources for the countries' mutual benefit…" o Affects Cambodia, Vietname, Laos and Thailand as well o Xayaburi Dam (a hydro-electric dam under construction in the lower region of the river) o Laos plans to sell hydropower to Thailand (funding) Laos is the poorest country in this region and is landlocked, so they rely heavily on the river to provide for the country "clean" electricity for Laos o Cambodia and Vietnam fear that the Dam set in place will cause damage to the delta, mainly the fish 800 species of freshwater fish live in this river It provides for rice for global consumption o Lack of freshwater flowing equals salinization (too much salt growing in the soil) and rice can't be produced o China is involved in this as well Dam Building Has Been Suspended- 2012 In order to appropriately weigh the costs and damage the building of this dam may cause, all construction has been halted since 2012 Islands of Southeast Asia Brunei o Tiny but wealth country on the island of Borneo) Indonesia o Composed of 17 thousand islands Phillippines o Composed of 5 thousand islands East Timor-Timor Lester o Newest country in the region to gain independence (gained independence in 2002) Climate Indonesia lies directly along the equator Things get very hot in this region The islands are dominated by a wet equatorial and monsoon climates (i.e lots of rain) Coast and summer rains cause summer precipitation (very humid climates) Typhoons All lands located North of the equator have typhoon season from May to November The Indian Ocean's typhoon/monsoon seasons are in April and June o These hurricanes are much stronger than those that hit the Atlantic and Southeastern United States o They gather more energy because the water is much warmer Usually Indian Ocean storms are less intense because of the area to gain strength is smaller (the Indian ocean is smaller than the Atlantic) o When the storms hit land, the cyclones cannot form Why We Say Usually: Cyclone Nargis Hits Myanmar o The worlds worst natural disaster to be recorded in history o The cyclone his Myanmar's largest city, Yangon Caused widespread death and destruction Revealed the extent of military junta's control and showed that there was a lack of concern about human rights They refused any sort of international aid and denied that the disaster was that bad at first 84,500 people were killed 53,800 went missing and are still not accounted for o Sadly, climate changes will only make Myanmar more susceptible to these types of disasters (flooding included) Tsunamis and Sumatra, Indonesia The Indian plate subducted (moves under) the Eurasian plate, causing tension to build up. When tension of this kind is released, the plates move (an earthquake). The entire Indian plate dropped 50 feet (the entire process taking ten minutes), generated a massive sea tsunami o Waves were 100 ft high and had generated extremely close to the shore o Many people were unaware and unprepared Many people had went out to look at the exposed ocean floor o Within 20 minutes of the earthquake, the tsunami hit Sumatra and the beach town of Banda Aceh Waves reached 5 miles inland o Within 2 hours, it hit the coast of Thailand, Sri Lanka and India o Within 10 hours, more than 275,00 people had been killed, including 300 in Somalia, Africa o This is possibly the deadliest earthquake in history How Geography saves lives: Many people realized what the receding ocean meant (they took a geography course) and were able to warn their families
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