HIST week 3
Popular in History in the Western World
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Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica_Kline on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150 at Ball State University taught by Abel Alves in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see History in the Western World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
HIST 150 0908 amp 0910 Buddhism 1 Siddhartha Gautama 563483 BCE a He was the son of a king who never wanted his son to know sorrow but he heard a servant singing a sad song and went on to explore and see the suffering in the world 1 He was shocked by the amount of suffering that he saw in the world and became a yogi b He was known as the Buddha literally means enlightened one 1 He said that people should live by the Middle Path not totally in suffering but not totally materialistic either 2 If you live on the middle Path then you can begin to follow the Four Noble Truths 1 Life is suffering 2 Suffering is caused by desire of worldly things 3 To end suffering you must end desire 4 You can end suffering and desire by following the Eightfold Path 3 The Eightfold Path is basically having the right attitudes compassion actions and re ection to live a good life c Dharma the way of life of the Buddha justice mercy and compassion d Nirvana means extinguishing a candle losing yourself to become one with the universe which gets rid of all your suffering I Bodhisattvas means little Buddha postponed attaining nirvana so that they could show compassion in next lives reincarnation e There were two main branches of Buddhism Theravada and Mahayana l Theravada only accepted the earliest Buddhist writings and traditions 2 Mahayana would integrate other religious practices into their Buddhist beliefs 11 Other important people a The Dali Lama is considered the leader of Buddhism to most Buddhists how the Pope is the leader of Christianity to most Christians b Kwan Yin is the Chinese goddess of mercy who became the Buddhists bodhisattva of mercy c Buddha Amida also called Amitabha is the supreme Buddha who is eternal and interconnected in the universe d King Ashoka 200s BCE tried to make Buddhism the national religion of India he also did away with most of the caste system 111 By the 300s CE 90 of NW China and Persia were Buddhists Confucius I Confucius was born into China when it was dominated by many warlords throughout the country he was originally going to be a type of accountant for a warlord but he didn t like the way they bossed the peasants around so he became a teacher a During this time Dao or Tao was a big part of the Chinese culture 1 Dao literally means the way they believed that the government was always the problemcorrupt not the people b Confucius thought that if you put the government in the hands of noble men that it would not be corrupt c Confucius taught sons of the elite 1 He judged based on people s merits not by their rank given by birth peasants could be noble 2 Women were always considered inferior to men except in the relationship between a mother and son 11 The Analects a Book 6 Analect 5 instead of turning down a gift that you don t need give it to someone who needs it b Boom 7 Analect 7 he would teach rich boys but also poor boys c Book 7 Analect 21 Confucius did not speak on prodigies fortune telling force disorder or religion d Book 7 Analect 25 Confucius taught on culture moral conduct doing one s best and being trustworthy e Book 9 Analect 8 Confucius had no knowledge he just turned questions over in his mind until there was nothing left to them f Book 12 Analect 2 people shouldn t give orders for their own benefit but for the benefitout of respect and mercy benevolence of the whole community the common good g Book 12 Analect 7 out of weapons faith and trust give up weapons first defend the food which leads to trust then food leaving trust as the most important h Book 14 Analect 11 gentlemen cherish mercy and respect the law but the small man cherishes whatever he can get out of a situation III Later Zhou Chou 300s200s BCE a Meng Zi taught that humans are evil and need a strong government to restrain them b Qin Shi Huangdi was a warlord who took over and uni ed North China 1 He had as many Confucian books and scholars burned and killed to keep people from thinking about any other way of government than the one he was enforcing 2 There was an assassination attempt on his life but it failed and later his son was killed by the prime minister 3 He worked the peasants very hard killing many of them while building the Great Wall of China causing them to rebel c Liu Bang was the peasant who led the rebellion eventually becoming the first peasant emperor and taking the name Gaozu 1 During the time that he ruled he eXpanded China both north and south 2 He was the first in a line of about 400 years of the Han dynasty d Lu Zhi was one of very few female empresses of China she was Liu Bang s wife because her son did not want to rule 1 She reigned for 15 years and during that time issued coins with her name on them 2 There was a possibility that she killed her son e Xiongnu the Huns or Mongols invaded and ended the Han dynasty
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