Romanticism and Industrialization
Romanticism and Industrialization 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by jcriollo Notetaker on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 102 at Loyola University Chicago taught by David Dennis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Evol Wst Idea/Inst Sn 17C in History at Loyola University Chicago.
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Date Created: 03/04/16
Chapter 11 A transitional figure is introduced during the Rococo period at the beginning of the lecture, but then shifts into the Enlightenment age. The introduction of the Enlightenment and with the Revolution bringing chaos, Goya, a famous artistic, was affected and his artistic outlook changed. During this time, Spain was very religious. Anybody who spoke in Scientific terms was looked down upon and seen negatively. Spain was about to go through a midst of change though. Goya began changing due to the way the revolutionary experience impacted Spain. He mainly focused on creating portraits of the Royal family in the Rococo period and on painting aristocratic woman dressed in dance clothing. Again, some of the portraits during this time were sexualized and some people were amazed by the artwork while others were horrified. Since the Revolution negatively affected Spain, the people tried to avoid further conflict and were looking for ways to keep away from the French. Unfortunately, the French army was sent to invade Spain by Napoleon which later became known as the Peninsula War. The Spaniards continued to resist and avoid all conflict, hoping for the best. Goya took advantage of this event to portray his art in a much more beautiful manner. With his observations of the events going on around him, he was able to provide records of art and give visual representations of the events in his paintings. He showed how both sides were committing equally horrible crimes and he included his OWN pain and relationship in the paintings of war. He created black paintings which indicated isolation and loneliness and also created paintings of asylums to portray cruelty going on. Goya also includes mythological creatures that demonstrate actions of war. To further emphasize the cruelty that was going on during this time, he created a painting that showed how the Spaniards were standing down while the French were shooting at them and technically massacring them. He continues to show the types of cruelty going on by painting the raft of Medusa sinking, expressing a true event that occurred during the colonization of Africa. French men are sent to help and manage the land, but the raft sinks and eventually leads them to cannibalize each other. In order to further add detail to his paintings, he went to observe the bodies. His paintings sent out the message that individuals are not in control of what nature leads them to become. Nature is more powerful and will overcome you in one way or another. This was a main theme in the Romanticism period. Another great artist, Turner, was also famous for including nature controlling humankind in his art, regardless of how strong and smart they were. A painting shows how a British ship is overtaken with the force of nature regardless of the advanced technology it holds. Another painting by Delacroix, shows at what extreme humanity goes to when faced with emotions. He goes back to biblical traditions and portrays in one of his paintings how a chief gets all his wives killed, due to the emotional extremes he went to. Although humans may be faced with a fluster of emotions, they may be able to find ways of peace. An example of this is a painting that shows a German wanderer communicating with nature once he left the city. The message sent out in this painting tells us that nature is very pure and relaxing and can give us a form of relaxation and salvation somehow. The pieces that were combining both nature and religion were part of the Romanticism period. You can’t stop the obstacles life makes you face but you can find comfort by reaching out to religion, nature, and love. The readings from Weber allows us to engage with the broader aspects of the Romanticism period and the spirituality it holds against the expectations for the Enlightenment period. The movement indicates how people should reach for freedom and originality. It emphasizes the importance that human kind should be more subjective rather than objective. The Scientific approaches are replaced with an emotional and spiritual view of life and leads to people becoming more peaceful. A lot of people in the Romanticism period were mentally ill and would find a difficult end when their death came. Immersing oneself into something bigger was emphasized during the Romanticism period and people were pushed to hold on to this mentality. An example of this is Beethoven. People believed he was going mad, however they still admired him which led him to continue creating his music. Another example is Schuman. Schuman, an admired musician, injured his hands but was still able to become a great composer and critic of music. He falls in love with his piano teacher’s daughter and is looked down upon. Even with this going on, he was still able to write amazing music and was particularly inspired by Jean Paul and Hoffman. The stories by these authors can be heard by their pieces of music. However, they do exclude flow and instead focus on spontaneous interruptions. The Nutcracker is a perfect example of this type of music. Schuman revolved himself around that music when he wrote his pieces. One of the pieces he wrote is titled Carnival and is structured in an unorganized way but is beautifully played regardless. Schuman later ends up marrying his piano teacher’s daughter which becomes one his premiere pianists. Good things do come to an end though. Schuman is diagnosed with schizophrenia and he tries to drown himself in the river. He is put in an asylum in order to protect his family, where he unfortunately starves to death. Schubert emerges and is known for celebrating culture and writing unpublished pieces. Another character that comes into place is Goether, a law student who was a hands-on government worker. He wrote a short novel, The Sorrows of Youth Werther, about a man who falls in love with a married woman and ends up committing suicide, which really emphasized a Romanticism aspect. He also wrote Faust, which included him talking about the devil and the temptations he brought along. Some sections of writing were accompanied by the music Schubert wrote, in order to show the emotional extremes he was going through. Reflection: Charles Richard-Hamelin – Nocturne in E major Op. 62 No. 2 is very beautifully played and holds the same tune and rhythms throughout the whole piece. He is not very spontaneous which may cause listeners to become unengaged, however by keeping the rhythm he is able to allow us to enjoy the music in a much more relaxed manner. The Romanticism period was very open in noticing the cruelty going around the world. The paintings of war allowed people to learn about the cruelty that was going on around them. I feel like this was a very effective way of letting others know of the events going on around them because there was no news reporting during this time. They had no way of accessing events or come into contact with other people’s emotions outside of art. Instead of letting others know what was going on through television and radio people would illustrate it in their art. People were able to illustrate their art AND inform people about what was going on at the same time. Also, the art that was portrayed during this time was very intricate and detailed. It allowed people to truly appreciate the artwork and further develop an interest how the art was created. Questions: Do you think people were happy with the cruel paintings that were made? Goya was very effective in portraying his paintings? Do you think other artist were jealous of his paintings? If so, do you it affected him as a painter? The Romanticism period was very unique and different. Did people change when this period came into play? Chapter 12 The background of the French Revolution is emphasized and continues to take part in the Romanticism age. The world was affected by the revolution regardless of the hope that it may strive. The Romanticism period was not automatically stable and pure with then end of the war, but instead the people tried to reestablish the monarchies even though it couldn’t be repaired anymore. th The 19 century mainly revolved around uprising, despite the monarchies that were present in France. Nature continued to be worshipped during this time and was being used as an escape. People weren’t sure if by doing this they would be seen as equal. The Industrial Revolution was going on at the same as the French Revolution was happening and the effect of this was to push for political change. Not only political change, but economical and social change. The life style people held changed and they became more involved in judging the value of products around them. Because of this, identities shifted at the same time jobs and salaries began shifting. The politics and the society around them were very unstable. The jobs that were present were no longer given due to family history or rank. The market opened up and allowed people to pursue any career they wanted to. In the developing world of industry, this became a responsibility. Because people were able to pursue any career they wanted a social burden formed. Important identities that were classified by rank and family, didn’t exist anymore. Good and bad things came along with being able to choose your career. People during the Romanticism period were underestimated due because they would focus their time surrounding themselves with beauty and fantasy. They believed that science and technology did not provide all the answers and emphasized that emotions can easily take over which can lead to the loss of connection with nature. Industrialization was threatening the Romanticism period and they feared that people would lose contact with their environment and natural belonging. With this coming into play, poetry rose. William Wordsworth, a famous poet, wrote about how the world was bringing us many responsibilities. He focused on how people were constantly worried if they were winning enough money and were constantly questioning themselves how they should spend their money due to the financial situations they were in. He disagreed with the fact that we gave away our connection with nature, just so we could gain materials and continue to win money. He believed that people were no longer feeling like they were part of something bigger, but instead focus our time working rather than enjoying the nature around them. He further emphasizes how we, humans, will end up breaking down nature by becoming rational and trying to use it to become further successful. The industrialization is isolating and dehumanizing humans according to Wordsworth. He gives the example that one may leave themselves and be overpowered by something you are in awe of, leading you to forget who you truly are. Percy Shelley comes into play and gives his opinion about how nature is so important. He praises nature and every little thing about it and claims that no human poetry can truly describe nature. One has to truly appreciate nature by allowing themselves to be surrounded by it. Bettina Brentano, another Romanticism figure, writes about the musicians and how they allowed people to become part of something larger and come in touch with their emotions. The figures of the Romanticism continued to revolve themselves around nature and divinity because they saw it as the only way where they can escape the “rat race” and continue to live their daily lives to the fullest. Reflection: People were turning against Industrialization due to the amount of work people were being led to do. They had to constantly worry what was going on around them and had to think about money. They weren’t able to fully enjoy the life around them which led them to not focus on the nature around them. Unfortunately, in order to survive we have to work. An ideal life would include not working but because of how the world works today we aren’t able to do that. I understand why people were stuck with their old ways and were not accepting of the Industrialization, but in reality this brought a lot of opportunities for us. Buildings, more jobs, and great technology developed throughout this time. It allowed people to further move up in their social class, but it also led to the people who were stuck with the Romanticism mentality to be outraged. Instead of them being outraged, they should have found the greatness of this and taken advantage of it. Poets and writers were beau fully portraying the nature around them and wanted to keep the beauty of nature alive. It is important to continue to appreciate the beauty of nature around us, but it is also important to take part of the industrialization and the modern world period in order to survive and better develop ourselves. Questions: Did people perform any type of protest or rebellion to go against the industrialization that was occurring? Were people put in awe with the type of poetry and writing that was developed throughout this time? Being able to choose your career is a good thing and led to more flexibility. Why were people so angry about it?
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