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Government week 3

by: UNT_Scientist

Government week 3 PSCI 1040


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Week 3 notes supreme court cases are in blue, bold words are vocabulary words and things are underline they are important
Gloria Cox
Class Notes
Government, UNT, Gloria cox
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 03/04/16
Week 3 Feb. 22 Test 2­ March 11  Rulings are iblue   Underlineinformation is important   Bold​ text is vocabulary   ■ We have become a nation where people use religious be toons as  a way of expressing political and cultural dissent   ○ Free exercise class   ■ Freedom to believe is absolute by we distinguish between beliefs  and practices.   ■ A religious practice may be curbed, prohibited, or limited in some  way if there is a valid secular purpose for doing so   ● if it is legal you can do it for religious purposes if it was  illegal the practice done in any setting be it religious or not  it is still illegal  ○ Polygamy 1879  ■ Federal assistance to in sitting that discriminate  ○ Salutes   ■ Bellamy salute   ■ congress says how we pledge allegiance   ○ Minersville case   ■ Should we force people to pledge allegiance   ■ Issues   ● Saluting the flag   ○ 1940.  ■ Kids HAVE to salute  ○  1943  ■ Oh wait never mind it's unconstitutional kids  DO NOT have to salute the flag   ● Animal sacrifices  ○ 4.3 freedom of speech often denied   ■ Abridged at various times   ● Sedition act of 1798 (112) which made it a crime to criticize  the President or other officials   ● Civil war ­ restrictions on speech   ● 1919   ○ Supreme Court finally ruled on a free expression  case   ■ Fred phelps and members of the Westboro baptist church from  Kansas   ■ Protected speech and press  ● Censorship prior restrain)  ○ You can't stop the printing of somethings before it  is printed or said  ○ Most important principle in freedom of the press's is  that pair censorship of somethings is almost never  allowed  ■ We say there is heavy presumption. ​  Against its constitutionality   ○ Important cases   ■ Near v Minnesota 1931 and the pentagon  papers case involving publication of stolen  documents about the Vietnam War.   ● Daniel Ellsberg   ○ Worked at the pentagon   ■ Wa privy to a report  about American  presidents  deliberately deceiving  the American people  and the Vietnam war  (1945­1967)  ○ gave to New York Times  publishing in 1971 and  Washington post   ○ Government files suit and  says that you can't publish  the documents   ○ Supreme Court upholds the  first amendment and rules  against the federal  government   ■ Didn't go to jail  because evidence  against Ellsberg was  illegally obtained   ● Symbolic speech   ○ Types of actions that can constitute symbolic  speech­ almost without limit   ○ Flag burning is most important activity that the  Supreme Court has addressed   ○ Cowen v US   ■ Man came in with fuck the draft on  a jacket  ■ Was protected because it was a political  message   ● Hate speech   ○ Should speech be restricted if it says nasty things  about people on account of their race, ethnicity,  sexual orientation, or other attributes   ○ Much debate about this issue, especially I n college  campuses  ● Parody, satire   ○ Mocking people through the the use of satire or  parody has a long wonderful history in the US   ■ Think Saturday night live  ○ Most famous case went all the way t the Supreme  Court and became a big movie  ■ Reverend Jerry Falwell   ● Parodied by hustler magazine about  Jerry Falwell’s first sexual  experience   ● Publisher Larry flynt   ○ Flynt win   ○ People vs Larry Flynt     ● Unprotected speech and press  ○ Libel and slander   ■ Expression that is flashes AND hurts  another person's reputation is known as  slander (spoken) and libel (written)  ■ Note that it is perfectly okay to say  something about another person that will  harm that person's reputation if it is. True   ■ Famous people have less protection than  people who are not famous   ○ Defamation   ■ The act of ruining someone's good  reputation   ○ Fighting words   ■ “Words that by their very utterance inflict  injury or tend to incite an immediate breach  of peace” are bit rite to by fifth amendment  ○ Censored publications   ■ Student newspapers   ■ CIA memoirs   ■ Information directly related to national  defense such as battle plans    ○ Pornograhy and obscenity   ■ They are not the same   ■ Porngraphy​  is protected under first  amendment and is legal to possess it   ● UNLESS it's child por graphs which  is always illegal   ■ Obscenity​ is not protected but it is difficult  to define   ● It must deal with sex, it must do so in  a prurient (unwholesome)  manner,  and it must be without redeeming  value   ● Guidelines  ○ Must deal with sex   ● Privacy   ○ A controversial right   ■ We have rights that are not specifically mentioned in the  Constitution­ the right t get a job, invest money, buy property,  travel, have children and many more. So what makes piracy so  controversial   ○ The early days  ■ Privacy was easier to maintain­ people lived further apart and had  limited access to one another  ○ Birth control contraceptives  ■ in the past kept for store shelves, not for sale to minors or  unmarried people banned altogether, depending on the state   ■ best example   ● Connecticut which outlawed sale of all forms of  contraception and even made it illegal for doctors to  discuss it with patients   ● Griswold v Connecticut 1965   ○ Supreme Court overturned Connecticut’s law AND  recognized the existence of a right of privacy  ●      


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