Intro - Chapter 1 lecture notes
Intro - Chapter 1 lecture notes Psy 2300
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by AshLeigh Turner on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 2300 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Teresa Davis in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
Intro Developmental Psychology the study of how individuals change over time cognitive physical social Nature vs Nurture Nature Biological forces genes predispositions Nurture Environment school home parents Pattern of Change Continuous quantitative amp even Discontinuous qualitative amp uneven Chapter 1 Theories of Development Behaviorism Focus on environmental impact on behavior Strengthened or weakened by consequences that follow Extinction removal of reinforcer to stop behavior Social Learning Bandura Considers cognitive factors like observational learning modeling SelfEf cacy Our personal belief that we can be successful Reciprocal Determinism Bandura Ill Hehmfimr 7 M l f res p rlsea A I hit Efrh l I39Efiii iagganm 25 E I v f Eitfitiiil iiill lJL1HLIIIE 39 f I if i Iquot t P I 3 Iquot 5 2 aquot 39 i 1 A PERE DiN E anwr nmuni LElr39i 539 ll JILI VQH nial Ill alkyrrf all if ng ifugj l mlquot i Eui l filialquotglverisilE q i Z P will iiiil i 39i39lf39anrii l f i Win51 131739 r lrsiil E E seams b Cill L Ei39ll39gi l irfntieritjezs Ethology evolutionary psych Concerned with adaptive or survival value Built in behaviors born doing it ie John Bowlby Mother infant relationships Critical Sensitive Period prepared to acquire new behavior language development easiest to learn early in life Imprinting come to recognize as object of habitual trust why baby ducks follow mama ducks around Behavioral Genetics study role of genetics twin amp adoption studies most genetically determined quality gt IQ Adoption Study measured biological mother IQ 85 adoptive mothers IQ 120 and childs Q at age 7 110 positive correlation with child s IQ and biological mothers IQ the higher that biological mothers IQ the higher the child s was enriched environment impacted child s IQ Genotype Environment correlations Child enes Parent s Genotype Child s Passive genotype RhQnOtype environment I I correlation Chlld39S EnVIFOHment Evocative genotype Active genotype environmen environment correlation t Passive Parents personality effects child s environment Evocative Child s personality genes effects their own environment Active child can choose environment based on phenotype caused by genes Erikson s psychosocial theory NeoFreudian Focus on in uence of society on development Lifespan perspective Each stage involves a developmental crisis that needs to be resolved ie 1 Birth 18 months trust vs mistrust Trust is developed if needs are met Piaget Cognitive Theory o The way children understand things affects development Four stages different thoughts at each stage Qualitative difference Learn by doing Vygotsky Sociocultural Theory 0 Development results from interaction of surrounding culture 0 Development varies from culture to culture Developmental research methods Steps De ne a problem Develop a hypothesis prediction Test hypothesis Draw conclusions Developmental Designs Crosssectional different age groups at the same time Longitudinal Same age group over time Cultural social differences may vary Sequential combination of cross amp longitudinal ISSUES Cohort effect experiences of one generation may differ from another Deception to obtain certain results Telling a subject the study in on one thing when it is really focusing on another in order to obtain authentic results Must obtain permission from Institutional Review Board IRB School Board Principal Parents Child