Week Three (8-11 Sept. 2015) Eisenhower Eases into Indochina (1955-1960)
Week Three (8-11 Sept. 2015) Eisenhower Eases into Indochina (1955-1960) HIST 3370
Popular in The Vietnam War
Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chris Hicks on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3370 at Bowling Green State University taught by Benjamin Greene in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see The Vietnam War in History at Bowling Green State University.
Reviews for Week Three (8-11 Sept. 2015) Eisenhower Eases into Indochina (1955-1960)
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/11/15
Week Three 811 Sept 2015 Eisenhower Eases into Indochina 19551960 Terms Ngo Dinh DiemLeader of South Vietnam in its early years of independence not liked by his people and thought to be authoritarian Edward LansdaleAgent sent to Vietnam in order to help the French in their fight against the Viet Minh Geneva AccordsThe agreement that split Vietnam into Northern and Southern sections after the French defeat ordered there to be a unification election two years later never happened US did not signsimply observed Class When did America s war in Vietnam begin Eisenhower s inheritance The US Asia and Cold War Operation VULTURE Dien Bien Phu and atomic weapons Implementing the New Look in Vietnam SEATO CIA Edward Landsale Dismissing the Geneva Accords and trumpeting the success of Ngo Dinh Diem Assessing Eisenhower s legacy in Vietnam 1949 Fall of China Soviet atomic bomb 1950 McCarthyism Red Scare NSC68 Korean War 19501953 1952 Ike elected POTUS 1953 Ike inaugurated 1954 Dien Bien Phu Geneva Accords When did the US war begin 80 of French war bills First US death First US combat death Training South Vietnamese soldiers independent operations in Vietnam American Deaths in VietnamLTC Peter Dewey 26 Sep 1945 mistaken by Vietminh as French TSGT Richard B Fitzgibbon J r 8 June 1956 killed by fellow airmen LCPL Richard B Fitzgibbon 111 Sep 1965 Captain Harry G Cramer Jr 21 Oct 1957 MAJ Dale Buis and MSG Chester M Ovnand 8 June 1959 Watching The Tattered Dress and killed by Vietnamese Current greatest SE Asian ally Japan 45 greatest SE Asia ally China Communist rise ended this Harry Truman lost China destroyed population subsequent president vow to not lose another Asian nation to Communism Soviets were so backward that the only way they could figure out the ABomb was to infiltrate the Manhattan Project American thoughts NSC68 7 Apr 1950 ABomb in USSR end of civilization need to contest Soviet expansion accelerate use of HBomb CIA and military force need psychological scare campaign to conVince public of total war End of Korean War elect Ike didn t think US could afford fighting wars around the world focus on air sea and atomic power can threaten China with nuclear weapons and they will back down Avoiding ground war in Asia rely on alliesgt SEATOgtmultilaterally advisors to Indochina increasing aid Presidents Reasons for seeing Vietnam as significant important because it was a symbol Ike is 1St to speak of The Domino Theory Dien Bien Phu warns PRC to stay out of Indochina or else ambiguous Operation VULTURE US plan to supply French Ike wasn t going to recklessly use nuclear weapons g begs to use them released documents You must be crazy quote by Stephen Ambrose came from mid 60s and re ected his views on nuclear weapons at THAT time he rarely met with Ike doesn t want blame for loss or put troops on the ground set impossible conditions so he French could hold the blame to get US airpower had to officially request aid grant Vietnam independence UK and Australia had to assist Congress needed to pass the request Geneva Accords Ike get exibility since US didn t sign it Ike s New Look Means of Containment in Asia SEATO Southeast Asia Treaty Organization regional collective security pact Koreaend conventional war with atomic threats Massive Retaliation South Vietnam Military advisors Landsale Formosa Straits Atomic threats Massive Retaliation US replaces France as nation pledging to defend Vietnam from Comunism M Military advisors Ike commits 600 advisors to help South Vietnam insurgency Did Ike make it impossible to not go into Vietnam No unification elections ideals vs national security interests Communism spreading Diemauthoritarian corrupt people not satisfied with him Who Really Started Things in Vietnam for US Truman NSC68 vs Ike escalation commitment Sink or Swim with Ngo Dinh Diem The Collins Mission and the Elimination of Rivals The Battle of Saigon 19541955 Group Discussion and Analysis Pacification of the Countryside and Strategic Hamlets The Enemy Strategy of Indigenous Insurgents and North Vietnamese Dien Bien Phu Geneva Accords Battle of Saigon Elections to Unify Vietnam IAW Geneva Accords amp Group 559 develop supply trail network NLF formed US election Ike s narrowed J FK s choices 2 billion spent on FrenchManhattan Project Partial end Sept 46 was start Geneva Accords Vietnamese won but M get full independence half of country French leave North Vietnam DRV and consolidate in South Vietnamese Bao Dai 100000 troops move to South Vietnam increase political support for South Vietnamgt appoint President Diem Di in New Jersey missionary school Catholic during 40s 50s not strong nationalistpatriot reputation tough for him to gain support Ngo Dinh Nhu internal security harsh Madame Nhu speaks French and English 54US not main defender yetgt sends adVisorsgt J Lawton Collins WWII general Pacific and European 75th ID at Guadalcanal 7th Corps in Europe 4th and 9th ID 101St and 82nd ADs trusted to assess situation Mafia vying for control 40000 thugs controlling Saigon CountrysideCao Dai Mekong Delta 2 million supporters 25000 soldiers Hoa Hao Montengnardnomads not subjects to government control Buddhist French and their supportersrefugees Communists Elections in 56 coming up no need for armed struggle Le Van Bay Vien Binh Xuyen Crime Syndicate leader and South Vietnam National Police leader Dulles Diem and Collins Saigon Feb 55 John Foster Dulles Back Diem but Collins says no strong Cold Warrior Democrat Mansfield support Diem Ike let domestic politics take over Clip Bay Vien and Diem no deal Diem attacked Bay Vien Diem never compromise won but Vien crushed Collinsgtnot confident in Diem Dullesgt not a puppet government Class Battle of Saigon Pivotal episode made Diem look good opportunity for US to look for others but Collins failed crossroadsgtsupport or cut loosegtsink or sink with Diem Purpose of AgrovillesStrategic Hamlets Successful Factors Consequences for Gov Stabilitv Purposetaking refugees and consolidating them to areas Where they could get aid and together for unity Consequences need to have credible policies and leaders Clip Fortified Villagesstrategic hamlets targets for VC attacks US trying to be optimistic Willing hand volunteers Class NLF combines Diem s opponents North slowly increasing agitation
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'