One week of notes- Religion and Sex
One week of notes- Religion and Sex RELI 363
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melody Zerehi on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELI 363 at University of Arizona taught by Dr. Max Strassfeld in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Religion and Sex in Religious Studies at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
Religion and Sex 9215 Syncretism merging of discrete religious traditions into a new system or the incorporation of beliefs or traditions into a different religious practice African diaspora religions Derive from African traditional religions of West and Central Africa Indigenous traditions from the Americas and European traditions Some traditions that fall under African diaspora religions Cuban Santeria Haitian Vodou Jamaican Obeah Trinidadian Orisha Traditions usually feature ancestor veneration a supreme creator pantheon of divine spirits syncretism Indigenous African Religions Variety of different traditions practices in different countries of Africa Estimates are difficult to pin down approx 100 million practitioners Generally not relying on scripture but practices are passed orally Usually there is a belief in a supreme creator Usually there is a belief in spirits Usually there is ancestor worship Usually there is use of magic Usually there is use of traditional medicine As Conner mentions nature is very important as is harmony between nature and the supernatural Pantheist monotheist polytheist Pantheistworship of nature MonotheistOne god Polytheist one god plus the actual spirits that most people are interacting with on a daily basis Gender in African Indigenous Traditions Women and men can serve as spiritual leaders although gender might determine what roles the leader plays In some spiritual traditions gender is fluid Femininity and Masculinity may be represented differently by different spirits Many traditions discuss a time when goddesses ruled over male deities in the past Marriage Is arranged erotic attraction is still emphasized ritual eroticism is a part of some fertility rites courtship plays an important role even though marriages are arranged families or spiritual leader act as a gobetween for the couple often a bride price is paid in exchange for the daughter s hand in marriage wedding ceremonies include prayers singing gifts sacrifices feasting in some parts of Africa polygyny is practice men have multiple wives Childbearing nfertiity is considered a curse and it sometimes indicates a woman being punished by deities Religion and Sex 9215 There are many rituals and sacrifices designed to address fertility Chidbirth is sacred and women are honored as mothers In most traditions abortions is frowned upon Example of Stigma Vodou in the US gt The Skeleton Key Religion and sex 9915 Female Genital MutilationFemale Circumcision paper due sept 25th World Health Organization WHO Key facts Female genital mutilation FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating and later cysts infections infertility as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths Female genital mutilation is classified into four major types Citoridectomypartial or total removal of the clitoris a small sensitive and eternal part of the female genitals and in very rare cases only the prepuce the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris Excision partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora with or without excision of the labia majora the labia are the lips that surround the vagina lnfibuation narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner or outer labia Why practice female genital cutting WHOWhere FGM is a social convention the social pressure to conform to what others do and have been doing is a strong motivation to perpetuate the practice Admadu I offer that most Kono women who uphold these rituals do so because they want to they relish the supernatural powers of their ritual leaders over against men in society and they embrace the legitimacy of female authority and particularly the authority of their mothers and grandmothers 301 Should female genital cutting be medicalized WHO WHO is particularly concerned about the increasing trend for medically trained personnel to perform FGM WHO strongly urges health professionals not to perform such procedures Admaduthe purported longterm physical side effect of this procedure may have been exaggerated It can be argued as well that although there are shortterm risks these can be virtually eliminated through improved medical technology 285 Background and Cosmology of female genital cutting in Kono complementarity and interdependence initiation ushers women into adulthood inherent bisexuality of human beings creates potential for fertility female initiation is part of the structure of women s power
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