Week 3 Chapter 3 Health Behaviors
Week 3 Chapter 3 Health Behaviors psyc 3350
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janette Torres on Friday September 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to psyc 3350 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Abdollahy Zarandi, Abdolhossein in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/11/15
PSYC 3350 Health Psychology Professor Abdolhossein Abdollahy Zarandi Week 3 Chapter 3 Health Behaviors Idea that good health or wellness is a personal and collective achievement undertaken by people to enhance or maintain their health rmly established and performed automatically without awa reness Primary Prevention Taking measures to combat risk factors for illness before it has a chance to develop Strategies 0 Getting people to alter their problematic health behaviors 0 Keeping people from developing poor health habits to begin with Factors responsible for Practicing and Changing Health Behaviors Demographic factors Age Values Social in uence Personal goals Perceived symptoms Access to healthcare delivery system Knowledge and intelligence Personal Control 0 measures the degree to which people perceive their health to be under personal control Barriers to Modifying Poor Health Behaviors Emotional factors Instability of health behaviors 0 Different factors control different health habits 0 Different factors may control the same health behavior for different people Factors controlling a behavior change 0 Over the history of the behavior 0 Across a person39s lifetime lntervening with Children and Adolescents n uence of parents as both teachers and role models better times for modifying health practices 0 Window of vulnerabilitv time when students are rst exposed to bad habits 0 Not con ned to childhood and adolescence o Precautions taken in adolescence may affect disease risk after age 45 lntervening with AtRisk People PSYC 3350 Health Psychology Professor Abdolhossein Abdollahy Zarandi Bene ts Ef cient use of health promotion dollars Diseases may be prevented altogether Makes it easier to identify other risk factors Problems Risks are not perceived correctly Testing positive for a risk factor leads people into a hypervigilant behavior Ethical Issues in Intervening with AtRisk People Choosing the right time to alert people Instiing risk reduction behaviors may cause psychological stress No effective intervention may be available for cases with genetic risk factors Emphasizing risks that are inherited can raise complicated issued of family dynamics Health Promotion Efforts for Older Adults Maintain a healthy balanced diet and an exercise regimen Take steps to reduce accidents Control alcohol consumption and eliminate smoking Reduce inappropriate use of prescription drugs Obtain vaccinations against in uenza Remain socially engaged
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