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Global Geography Notes Week 8

by: Kelsey Bixler

Global Geography Notes Week 8 GEOG 1010 - 003

Marketplace > Auburn University > Geography > GEOG 1010 - 003 > Global Geography Notes Week 8
Kelsey Bixler
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About this Document

These are notes for Global Geography with McGowin for week 8 (March 1-4).
Global Geography
Daniel A McGowin
Class Notes
Global Geography, McGowin, auburn
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 03/04/16
Global Geography Week 8  Volcanoes- Baektu biggest volcano in the Korean Peninsula.  Korean Peninsula- most of the population is in the western plains because most of the mountains are in the east  Taiwan- similar population structure. Many of the people here are close to Chinese. They usually never cross the mountains so there are indigenous people here too. Jade Mountain tallest in Taiwan  East Asian Deserts- Gobi Desert- largest desert in Asia. Takla Makan- Exclusively in China- “Once you go in you never come out.” One of the harshest deserts in the world. Cold desert- extremely dry. (remember deserts are defined by lack of precipitation not temperature.)  Typhoons- (Hurricanes) because of the size of pacific ocean the typhoons get massive. Winds can get in excess of 200 mph. Typhoon season never ends. Typhoon Melor occurred from December 9-17.  Pollution- Beijing- the most polluted cities in the world. The pollution impacts other surrounding countries. Large health hazards. Wearing masks is very common. Cultural Geography  Buddhism- 4 largest religion. Missions go out to convert people. Still mostly concentrated in East Asia. Focuses on the life of an individual who would later become known as Buddha. It is from his life where we get the main concepts. The 4 noble truths that come from the travels of Buddha himself. He saw suffering. The truths- to live is to suffer, suffering is caused by desire, there is a way to end this suffering, to end it you have to follow the Eightfold path. There is a belief is reincarnation. It started in South Asia but slowly spread into the east. Different branches have developed. Going to temple is not a common practice.  Theravada Buddhism- located in Southeast Asia. Believes that everyone must suffer- you have to be reincarnated to end the suffering. Nirvana- enlightenment/heaven.  Mahayana Buddhism- largest Buddhist branch. It is possible to break the process of suffering in one lifetime. Located in Northeast Asia. Second oldest.  Vajrayana (Tantrayana Buddhism – Tibetan Buddhists. The Daly lama is seen as similar to the Pope. They listen to everything he says. Life of giving up the material world. A lot of meditating. Very simple lifestyle.  Islam- most Muslim Chinese live in autonomous regions. China is made up of providences- these areas don’t have a lot of power. But the autonomous area do- they are made up of the religious minorities.  Ningxia- Muslim Autonomous region. Ethnically Chinese and speak Mandarin.  Xinjiang- people are Turkic people- not ethnically Chinese- more similar to central Asian people. Uyghur-main people to live here- often labeled as terrorists.  Xiao Er Jing- Chinese language written in Arabic. This combines the two cultures  Christianity in South Korea- About 30% of South Koreans are Christians- one of the largest sections of Religion  Shinto- Japans own religion- Ethnic Religion. It explains the origins of Japan. The concept is that all living things have spirit. It is a way of life more than a religion.  Chinese Folk Religions  Taoism-more of a way of life. Lao Tzu- founder of Toaism. Passive- we are all a drop of water in a river- go with the flow. Avoid confrontation. The world needs balance.  Confucianism- about relationships- (ex- mother to child, husband to wife) Confucius was a teacher- Instead of being passive- be aggressive. Ex- there is an emperor in China- if things go wrong it is the peoples’ responsibility to rise up and revolt against him. 2 different schools- Mencius- all people are inherently good but become bad. Use education to maintain your goodness. Xun Zi- people are inherently evil- you have to use education to become good. Influence of Confucianism- sports teams have a lot of respect for teammates and opponents. The older groups teach the younger. Respect for older people. Cleanliness- students often are the one cleaning the classroom. Wash hands and mouth before entering a temple. Importance of Education- 9 graders stay in school from 6 in the morning from midnight- school is 6 days a week. You have to take a test to get into a good high school. March 3, 2016  “Buff” Jesus- Located in South Korea.  Languages- The Chinese languages came from pictures that were used to represent different things. First language in the world in speakers. Chinese is a family of languages. There was an attempt to unite the Chinese languages by one of the early dynasties. The writing process became the unifier.  Japanese- They do have a alphabet (two sets). 1 set is used for Japanese’s origin words. The other is used for foreign words.  Korean- one Korean Language- largest language isolate. Hangul Joseon Dynasty  Keiretsu- how culture has effected business. Keiretsu is a conglomerate of corporations that work to produce things in Japan. Mitsubishi is an example- they make cars, TVs, refrigerators, etc. Large corporations have their hands in many different businesses.  Chaebols- operated by families in Korea. Each family focuses of one industry. Control about 80% of the Korean market.  Driving in Japan-they drive on the left side. The samara walked the left side to avoid slashing swords with other warriors. This translated to how the decided to drive of the left side.  Food Customs-They will eat an entire fish. If you are a guest in East Asia you are going to be offered the eye because it is considered the best part of the fish. Any part of the animal that can be used is used- pig heart, pig ear, etc. The puffer fish is a delicacy in Japan- you have to go through extensive training to prepare puffer fish because if it’s not prepared properly you can die. Rice- Cultural significance- comes from the earth so it is important to eat it. Sharing meals and drinks is a common practice in East Asia- you want to be in a group. Doing things by yourself is seen as weird. Some Koreans saw McDonalds as a clash of culture because McDonalds is an individual meal style. They also didn’t have rice so it was not seen as a meal.  Korean restaurants are more authentic than Chinese and Japanese restaurants. They cater more to Korean tastes. Kimjang- a group process where everyone in the community m=comes together to make Kimchi. Birth of Spicy Kimchi- salt was expensive they began using cheap red pepper. Internationalization of Northeast Asian Culture- Example- The Korean Group Girls’ Generation- they focused on international sales. They didn’t just hire Korean girls they hired Korean American girls. Trying to overcome the language barrier.  Korean Pop Culture strategy- (Hallyu) The idea is after they develop something local- go to developing countries. The Jewel in the Palace- a Korean drama that was popular in Iran. Psi- Gangnam Style- brought Korean culture to America quicker than they wanted to. He became the face of Korean culture- he was considered a “bad boy.” He got bad grades in school, told his dad he should stop smoking cigarettes- because of this he was considered unmarketable.  Hip Hop in Japan-mostly underground Political Geography-  Japanese Emperor- has no political power. Social power is important though. The Sun Goddess- Amaterasu- is seen as where the Emperor gets his power. He is not seen as a god though.  Modernization of Japan- Emperor is restored to power and country is unified. Country was still threatened by outsiders. They saw what was happening in China so they decided to adopt western culture. They annexed Korea. Japan defeated Russia in a war- first time a non-European country beat a European country. They were looking for resources by taking over other countries that were run by European countries. They were brutal to those who they captured.  Because of this brutality many surrounding countries still have problem with the Japanese- the Japanese saw themselves as better than their Asian neighbors. Yasukuni Shrine- anyone who died in WWII is shrined here. Even war criminals are honored. Celebrated the war. Shows justification in what the Japanese did It enrages neighbors.


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