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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlee Creech on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1113 at Oklahoma State University taught by Stephanie Heald in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Geography in Geography at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 03/04/16
2/29/16 Hearth is a place where ideas or practices begin (2 types): Primary and Secondary Hearth Religions of the Indic Hearth: Hinduism (An ancient tern for the complex and diverse set of religious beliefs practiced around Indus river): 900 million plus adherents primarily in India Sanatana dharma- eternal truth Brahman is the divine creator but is manifested in many gods The four sacred texts are ancient hymms called the vedas Coastlines and river banks are the most sacred sites There are many festivals mostly surrounding harvest/spring or the birth of Gods Buddhism- Primarily in China and South East Asia Originated near modern Nepal around 530 BC by Prince Siddhartha Guatama Prince Siddhartha Guatama saw the suffering of the poor and decided he was not going to live the way he was (Rich when nobody else had anything) Enlightenment while meditation Marks the transformation to Buddha Tripitaka is the oldest recorded teaching 4 noble truths: 1) Life brings suffering 2) Desire ensures suffering 3) Suffering can be overcome and Nirvana achieved 4) Disciplining the mind, body and proper thinking ends suffering and leads to Nirvana Eightfold path- righteousness of understanding, mindfulness and speech BRANCHES: Theravada (Way of the elders) - the older, more severe form which requires the renouncing of all worldly Gods and desires (40% Buddhists) Mahayana (Great Vehicle) - focuses on Buddha’s teachings and compassion Can be saved from the rebirth cycle Spread originally in India and Sri Lanka by Magadhan Empire around 250 BC 2/29/16 Indian traders brought it to China in the first century AD By the 6 century it had lost its hold on India but had spread to Korea and Japan Sikhism (Sikhs- Discipline)( Guru- Religious teacher/holy book)(Guru Nanuk- 1469 to 1538) (Some reincarnation) One God Northern India 5 Articles that they wear: 1) Uncut hair 2) Bracelet 3) Comb 4) Cloth 5) Sword 3 things they’ll do: 1) Meditation 2) Hard work 3) Justice Sacred days- most important holidays include gurpurbs, festivals marking birthdays (usually celebrated in Dec/Jan) that are celebrated with a 48 hr reading of the Guru. Hola Maholla- made for military exercises Social boundaries can form alongside religious lines Sudan- distinct religious social boundaries (North Sudan is mostly Muslim; SW Sudan- Christian; SE Sudan- more followers of animism) Sacred Space is space that has specific religious significance and can cause conflict claims/Uniqueness) (Ex: Dome of the rock- Muslims; Where Mohammad ascended into heaven) (Ex: Western Wall-site for Jewish prayer which is under the Dome of Rock after it was destroyed) (Ex: Ephesus House- The house where Christians and Muslims believe Mary was) Pilgrimage is an obligation (Hajji) ritual that connects one to the divine- makes them holy Diaspora is the scattering of people through forced migration Judaism: Abraham faith (Father of the Jewish people) Middle East origin 2/29/16 Israel has the majority Jewish Torah is a Hebrew bible or religious text God’s chosen people Live in the promise land Monotheism- powerful or all-knowing God- Yahweh Made a special covenant/agreement with Abraham God revealed his laws to his people through Moses and the Ten Commandments Moses lead exodus from Egypt Rosh Hashanah is a “Day of Remembrance” also known as the Jewish New Year which falls on the first day of the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar Passover: God passed over Skipped the houses of the Hebrews during the final of the ten plagues of Egypt Shavuot “Pentecost” celebrates the revelation of the Torah to the Israelites on Mount Sinai Sukkot commemorates the Israelites 40 yrs of wondering through the desert Christianity is heavily influenced by Judaism Largest religion Monotheistic Trinity Jesus Christ died for our sins Salvation comes from the faith in God/Jesus Christianity is growing the fastest in Africa Islam nd The 2 largest religion Fastest growing 1 God- Allah Mohammed is the final prophet/founder 570 Common Era Quran is the holy book 2/29/16 Five Pillars: 1) Shahadah- 1 God and Muhammad is his messenger 2) Pray 5 times daily facing Mecca 3) Give to the poor 4) Fast during Ramadan for purification and submission 5) If body and income allow, a Muslim must make a pilgrimage (hajj) to Mecca in his lifetime Islamic calendar begins when Muhammad was commanded to Mecca from Medina (Hijra) 2 branches: Sunni is the largest by 80% and is the most widespread Outside of Mohammad’s family for successor in 632 Common Era Shia- 15% Muslims Brahma (The Creator) was depicted with four faces each and is known as the face of creation and birth Continuously recites scripture (Veda) Shiva (The destroyer) is known as Shakti or power and is the dissolving force in life Centrifugal force Entropy Vishnu (The preserver) also known as peace, balance and/or sustainer of life Reincarnation is represented as the soul being immortal but the body is not (Shown through the caste system) The Purush arthas or the four arms of human life: 1) Dharma- righteousness 2) Artha-wealth 3) Karma-desire/pleasure 4) Moksha-salvation or liberation- the release from the endless cycles
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