New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psych 105 notes intelligence

by: Elizabeth Guzman

Psych 105 notes intelligence 105

Marketplace > Washington State University > 105 > Psych 105 notes intelligence
Elizabeth Guzman

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

intelligence notes
Introductory Psychology
Mycah Harrold
Class Notes
psych, 105, intellegence
25 ?




Popular in Introductory Psychology

Popular in Department

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Guzman on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 105 at Washington State University taught by Mycah Harrold in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.


Reviews for Psych 105 notes intelligence


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/04/16
Measuring intelligence Intelligence= the global capacity to think rationally, act purposefully, and deal effectively with the environment. Intelligence is reflected in effective, rational, and goal-directed behavior. Intelligence test- Alfred Binet: made a series of test to measure different mental abilities. He focused on elementary mental abilities like memory, attention, and understanding similarities. Mental age- different from ones chronological age. Lewis Terman and the Stanford-Binet test: Translated Binet’s test for use in the US. Intelligence quotient/IQ- made by dividing ones mental age by the chronological age and multiplying the result by 100. The Army Alpha was a written test and the Army Beta was an oral test given to the army as screening to see who they would put in the front lines. These test labeled the intelligence of children, prisoners, and immigrant. *Putting a number on each individual= bad outcomes. David Wechsler + the Wechsler intelligence scales: improved the test for adults, and added more so there were 11 subtest to measure different abilities. These were more practical and had clinical uses. The scores depend on the scores of others in the same age group. *IQ calculations don’t make sense for adult populations. Principals of test construction: Psychometrics- test used by psychologist, have to achieve certain requirements. Standardization- the test is given to a large to a large number of subjects who are representative of the group of people for whom the test is designed, to establish norms. Reliability- a good test must consistently produce similar results on different occasions. Validity- the test measures what it is supposed to measure. The Nature of Intelligence Theories- intelligence is a single general ability or a cluster of different abilities? Should intelligence be restricted to the mental abilities measured by IQ and other intelligence test? Should IQ test be broader? Charles Spearman- believed that a common factor or mental capacity is the core of different mental abilities. He thought people who scored well on test, tend to score lower on other test. Some people may also excel in an area. With this he came up with general intelligence, the g factor- responsible for overall performance on test of mental ability. Louis L. Thurstone- thinks intelligence is a cluster of abilities. He disagrees with Spearman’s idea. He believes that there were 7 different primary mental abilities. Each is an independent element of intelligence. Ex. Verbal comprehension, numerical ability, reasoning, and perceptual speed. Howard Gardner- expands on Thurstone’s idea with multiple intelligences. He looks at the kind of skills and products that are valued in different cultures. Different mental abilities are biologically distinct and controlled by different parts of the brain. To him intelligence is the ability to solve problems, or to create products that are valued in one or more cultural settings. He found a 9 possible intelligence- existential intelligence/spiritual intelligence: reflecting upon ultimate issues like the meaning of life. Robert Stemberg- some intelligences are more of skills analyze- how to solve problems, create- deal with novel problems, practical- adapt to the environment Nature vs Nurture effect of intelligence Identical twins- same genes, but differences based on environment fraternal twins- siblings genes, raised relatively in the same environment heritability- intelligence is 50%, from your environment 50% Within vs between group differences Minority groups score lower on IQ test stereotype threat –fear of being evaluated in terms of a negative stereotype, lowers your performance Entity theorist  Intelligence is fixed Your good/bad at something from the start Incremental theorist  Your intelligence can grow/get better  They tend to do better in school *you can change your theory


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.