New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HDFS 129 notes 9

by: Camryn McCabe

HDFS 129 notes 9 HDFS 129

Marketplace > HDFS 129 > HDFS 129 notes 9
Camryn McCabe
Penn State
GPA 3.81

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

notes from 3/1-3/3
Intro to HDFS
Molly Countermine
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to HDFS

Popular in Department

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Camryn McCabe on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 129 at a university taught by Molly Countermine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.


Reviews for HDFS 129 notes 9


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/04/16
HDFS 129 notes from 3/1-3/3 Gender Socialization Sex v. Gender (They’re not the same!!)  Sex: the biological dimension of being female, male, neither, or both  Gender: the sociocultural dimension of feeling female, male, neither, or both  For most, these two are aligned Gender Identity: conception a person has of self as being male, female, neither, or both  In place by 3 years old Gender Role : cultural expectations about how males/females should feel, think, and act  How do we learn gender roles? o Observation and imitation of parents, siblings, peers, teachers, media images… o Children are punished (scolded, shamed) for gender inappropriate behavior and rewarded for gender appropriate behavior o Girls can be tomboys more than boys can be feminine  Girls as tomboys is more accepted o Adolescence is particularly important time gender socialization; pressure to behave more stereotypical increases Differential gender socialization  Socializing males and females with different expectations about the attitudes and behaviors appropriate to each gender  Starts at birth, even prenatally o Once moms find out the sex of their baby, they start talking to it differently  Parents tend to restrict adolescent girls more tightly than boys o Where they can go, whom they can go with… Influences  Parental influence o Fathers are more active in gender role development than mothers o Parents encourage “male” and “female” chores, toys, and behaviors o Gay/lesbian parents? HDFS 129 notes from 3/1-3/3  Their kids usually turn out better (because they did not have a particular gender pushed on them)  Peer influence o Children who play in gender appropriate activities are rewarded by peers; those who don’t are criticized o Children demonstrate clear preferences for being with and liking same gender peers o These influences are all strongest in middle/late childhood  School/teacher influence o Pressure to achieve is greater for boys than girls o Boys are generally given more negative attention in school  Boys are usually sent straight to principal, while girls may get a change to talk out the issue with a teacher o Girls’ learning problems/disabilities aren’t identified as often as boys’  Media influences o Kids under 6 (including 2/3 of all infants and toddlers) spend an average of 2 hours a day in “screen-time” o For kids ages 8-18, it’s about 7.5 hours a day o AAP recommends no screen time for children under age of 2; and no more than 2 hours a day for children ages 3-18 Cultural Influences on Parenting Why do we parent?  Altricial- we are born in a helpless condition, requiring prolonged parental care  Precocial- active and able to move freely from birth, requiring little parented care  Physical needs  Socialization Parenting is a biological and evolutionary process that is shaped by cultural and social forces How do we parent?  When to feed the baby  What to feed the baby  Where to put the baby  Where the baby sleeps  When the baby sleeps  What to do when the baby cries HDFS 129 notes from 3/1-3/3  What is the baby’s schedule  Who will take care of the baby when mom and dad aren’t around Sleep arrangements  2/3 of the world sleep with babies as normative parenting practice o Industrial countries (Japan, Italy) as well as rural communities in Mexico and China  Independence v. interdependence o Which does a culture value? o U.S. values independence  Research says… (When baby sleeps with parents) o Shorter night wakings o Lighter sleep for mom and baby  Less likely for baby to die from SIDs o Higher levels of independence in preschool o Increased cognitive competence o Higher self-esteem “If you have a baby, sleep with it!” – James McKenna Breastfeeding  Brest is best  Newborns are hard-wired to nurse  Size does not matter  Continuous v. scheduled feedings o Continuous is better  Great for baby’s immune system  Smarter babies  When to wean? o Average age worldwide= 2 years o Average age in the U.S.= 3 months  Not good


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.