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Week 8

by: Laura Castro Lindarte
Laura Castro Lindarte

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About this Document

Test is next Wednesday and will consist of three questions. These notes focus on the third question more than the other two.
Intro to International Politics
Bill Mikhail
Class Notes
International politics
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Castro Lindarte on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Bill Mikhail in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Politics in Public Relations at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 03/04/16
February 29, 2016  How IR is changing?  ● Political science and IR utilyze things from other fields  ○ Advantage is that it allows you to see how events affect IR  ● One theory by Washington University profess​aniel Chirot that said to decrease  violence you need social networking   ○ Ex: England has different clubs to socializf they were found in poor nations  then energy would go here NOT violence   ○ Relate to culture as well   ○ Why do poor nations engage in violence more than rich ones?   ○ Culture adds or takes away from violence   ● Professor Edward Luttwak:look at violence in soccer  ○ Good because takes away from legit violence (all energy goes into soccer not  legit violence)   ○ Can be tolerated to an extent   ○ SOCCER VIOLENCE > ACTUAL VIOLENCE  ● Rise of new zone of conflict:  ○ Ex: North Pole is melting, might led to conflict between nations   ○ Toyota Wars:aka Mitsubishi War  ■ Conflict is decentralized   ■ Rebels don’t use big equipment instead use normal cars and carry guns   ■ Too expensive to buy technology and even more to maintain it   ■ Seen in Libya, Mali and ISIS   ■ HALF TRUCKS > TANKS   ■ Los Zetas (Mexican drug cartel) used this technique   ● New international institutions that are NONPOLITICAL  ○ Ex: FIFA and Eurosong   ○ Election of new FIFA president becomes political   ○ In eurosong, German singer got taken out because involved with Naszi  nationalism   ● Refugees to Europe:   ○ No one saw it coming a year ago  ○ Unexpected   ● Malala:won Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2014  ● “Failed Stateno one expected that states would do so bad   ○ Somalia   ● Russian oil:   ○ Russia shipping oil and gas through different routes   ○ Changing economic borders   ○ Baku­Ceyhan Pipeline   ○ Railway linking Iran and Turkmenistan  ○ China and Russia linking through railway (might go to Korea)   ● Conference on Security and Cooperation in Euro​eelped with unification of Germany  and end of communism   ○ Europe worked to end crisis    ● Protocol:   ○ Ex: Kerry visiting wine cellar in Moldova because culture   ○ Maxima can’t see her family because of controversy  ○ Philip of Belgium went to USA school not French because would offend French  speaking school    ○ Egypt accused USA of helping war   ■ President Sadat of Egypt welcomed Elliot Richardson to Nasar’s funeral  a. Treat awesome because want to improve relations   ■ Wanted to be friends with China because lost alliance in Iran   ○ China’s chairman Deng Xiaoping salutes Lincoln memori​eaching of American  culture   ■ Sent gift to Nixon’s daughter for marriage to improve relations.    ■ Teach monuments take to Kennedy Center   ■ TIME magazine interviews   ■ Goes to Philadelphia   ○ Reagan’s secretary was from Austria and became ambassador of Austria when  he became president    ○ Reagan invites French President Francois Millegrand in aniversary of York battle  ■ Taken to Silicon Valley to learn of computer   ■ Obama went to French gallery   ○ Camp David Summit: Sep. 1978; played chess          March 2, 2016  Third Question: How IR is changing?   ● Multiplicity of Constituenceach time DC is growing more because more groups are  appearing (more technology, people and issues)   ○ Ex: Korean Americans now more influential because more Koreans in USA   ○ No longer discuss with one or two people instead talk to 5   ● Rise of comparative stats and indexes:   ○ Compare nations when considering things like travel, language and investing   ○ Nations now compare own performance with others when deciding what policies  to do    ○ Used to not be the case  ○ In scramble for Africa, countries were happy with what they go without comparing  themselves to other  ● Shortening of historical cycle:  ○ Things happening faster   ○ Compared to past more things are happening in short time periods   ○ New phenomenon called “ACCELERATION OF HISTORY”   ● Foundation of non­political actors NOT to stop war  ○ It is based on activities that people like but as nations care more there is  increasingly more competition without political or military  ● Tendency Toward Miscalculation:  ○ Biggest fear comes from East Asia because you have big nations with lots of  people that are growing   ○ Fear that if one like China acts one way then Japan will react   ■ Crisis East Asia could become huge like WWI  ○ Reason why scholars looking at WWI because series of miscalculations but  became major crisis  ○ “Europe’s past could be Asia’s future”   ● Nations facing crises that limit sovereignty  ○ Ex: Greece being unable to control their borders­ confusion with huge amounts of  refugees   ○ Not known how to handle it (need to look at how nations and citizens act)   ● Map Changing:   ○ New routes through airlines, pipelines   ● Protocol has ceremonial aspects   ○ Nations’ actions are symbolic (WWII celebration throughout world is example)   ○ Reagan appointed Hungarian secretary to be ambassador   ○ Carter send majority leader to be Japanese ambassador because wife is  Japanese   ● Celebrities now involved   ○ “Personal element or touch”­ Sahad giving Nixon’s daughter present   ○ President Yeltsin given copy of Federalists Pape​anting to help with their  democracy   ○ China got piece of moon to show USA’s technology advanced   ○ President of Portugal went to visit Monticello (TJ’s home) to see correspondence  between TJ and Portugal figure   ○ Jacqueline Kennedy has statue in Egypt   ○ Israel giving visitors bread and salt   ○ Nasser had to go to mosque and pray   ○ A protocol has to be exercised in this case…”                     


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