Mar1-3 Week of Notes
Mar1-3 Week of Notes soc 2083
Arkansas Tech University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krista Lindenberg on Friday March 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soc 2083 at Arkansas Tech University taught by dr. huss in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see history of social theory in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/04/16
Tuesday, March 1 Definition of the situation W.I. Thomas Situational context defines behavior Situations involve both subjective and objective conditions up for interpretation Subjective Objective Expectations Economic condition Preexisting attitudes religions In context, they have influence Biography/experiments Physical space Our prior experiences Stock knowledge Objects in physical space (props: used enhance performance) We unconsciously negotiate how to define the situation through communication. Become a master of defining situations through framing. You put an idea in a box and frame it in such a way that there is no room for an outside constraint. We reject arguments that fall outside the boundaries of the frame, seeing them as unreasonable and irrational. Thursday, March 3 Definition of the situation Performance Setting Appearance Manner Front Front Stage Back Stage Off Stage Morality and Ethics Self / Identity (situated) Enhancement Awareness, Monitoring, Disclosure Expressions Give Give off Excuses/justifications Capitalize on lack of stock knowledge, i.e. political campaigns and Walmart propaganda. We are actors on a stage, performing, and our appearance matches the roles and expectations that the situation demands. We bring props to performance. Goffman says to understand the situation, people are self-monitoring creatures, changing the self from situation to situation. Situations determine who we are and what we convey. What we say will be tailored to the preconceived notion of the situation. Sometimes, what we say and what we do don’t match. We engage in overt and covert disclosure. There is what we give, and what we give off. Evaluations change based on how well people meet the expectations of the situation. We can have awareness of what we give, which is verbal and cues more control and what we give off which is nonverbal and less control. In daily life, we are not as polished as politicians. A front is what you’re putting out there, what you are trying to convey about who you are. We perpetuate trying to maintain oppressive expectations. We create contradictions, then we have to find ways to justify or excuse our inconsistencies. Morals and ethics emerge from the expectations of situations. Rule of reciprocity Master norm with a dark side. Manners are a social lubricant of relationships; the degree to which we don’t call people on their bullshit. The front stage is where we are most crafted, where we step up our performance and have the strongest front. Backstage eliminates the need for a front. This is where we relax a little bit, but we are still performing with those who have a shared status. Off stage is where you don’t have to perform in a professionally expected way. It’s more intimate and personal. Your audience goes down. They have more information on you and it’s harder for you to front. Performances are set by situations. If you can define the situation and the symbolic interaction going on, you can frame it. The self/identity is a product of social interaction and is a way of conveying information. We create new understandings and patterns based on old information. We piece together the old, to create new. Yes.
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