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by: Tiara Muller


Tiara Muller
GPA 3.97


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Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Muller on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112 at University of Georgia taught by Stueck in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/201972/hist-2112-university-of-georgia in History at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 09/12/15
What has changed since 1865 0 Transportation Horsestrains 9 carsplanes More active economy since industrial revolution Bigger government More executive power now Same system of federalism statefederal system Redistribution and growth of population 0 36 million 9 310 million 0 New York 9 California 0 Shift in ethnicities o 12 African Americans in 1865 0 Almost 100 of other population is European 0 Now more HispanicsAsians Reconstruction 0 Process by which nation was reunited 0 18651877 last federal troops leave the south 0 Status of African Americans 0 Issues but some things were passed 13th amendment 0 Brinkley 0 quotNeither a vicious tyranny as white southerners charged nor a thoroughgoing reform as many Northerners hoped It was rather a small but important first step in the effort to secure civil rights and economic power for the former slaves 0 Why 0 State governments disagreed 0 Congress divided 0 Extreme racism 0 Attitudes towards government no big government 0 Our system of government encourages gradual change Chapter 16 o Turner vs new western historians Frontier empty vs West previously settled by Indians Settlement ofWest quotprogressquot triumphant vs settlement includes failure oppression greed Rugged individualism ourishes vs settlers tied to national and international economy West a process that ended in late 19th vs West a distinctive region or series of regions distinctiveness continues to present 0 Advantages ofUS in combating Indians of the West 0 Tribes usually divided 0 Indians susceptible to infectious diseases 0 Indians relatively backward economically and industrially o Assimilationistapproach o Dawes act of 1887 00 O O US and WWII How and why did the US become involved How did US fight war why and how did strategy in uence diplomacy How did structure of international policies change during war What impact did war have at home ewzve Origins 0 US slow to enter war I Re ects impact ofWWI o Anglophobia Afraid of the British and their propaganda o Hostility to business bankers had loans that would benefit from going to war 0 Neutrality acts to prevent Americans from loaning money to belligerents 0 But US clearly anti German from start I Cash and Carry 0 They can trade if the belligerents pay cash and take the goods away on their own ships I Warning to belligerents Germans and Japanese regarding Western Hemisphere o Zones on east on west coast ofAmerica against they operation of foreign warships I Hitler viewed as aggressor 0 Yet FDR seeks to avoid direct involvement I Still fall of France in June 1940 of concern 0 Only one barrier between Germany and us GB 0 Destroyer bases deal September 1940 o Concern about public opinion 0 Linkage of Asian and European con icts draws US closer to interventions September 1940 I Iapanese move into Indochina I Possible impact on Great Britain s survival 0 Tripartite Fact 0 Lendlease follows election of1940 o By springsummer of 1940 FDR looking toward direct involvement I Frustrated with conditions at home I Fearful of developments abroad 0 Germans attack Russia June 1941 0 German advance in North Africa 0 Japanese move into southern Indochina o FDR a Europefirster I Prefers war with Germany rather than Japan I Iapan still occupies much of continent at end ofwar I Soviets called upon to help defeat Japan 0 Thus occupy Manchuria 0 US pro on continent weak 0 Prospects poor for strong united China 0 Impact of war on structure ofinternational politics I Bipolar vs multipolar world 0 US strongest of superpowers 0 US determined to be more active abroad 0 Lessons ofthe 30s I Political 0 Made mistake in not joining the league of nations 0 Now willing to commit itself in an international organization I Economic 0 When the economy is bad for a long period of time it leads to the rise of radical regimes that lead to war I Military 0 United States must play a larger part overseas militarily 0 Established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO which guarantees the military security of western Europe 0 Impact of war on life in US I Far less than in the Soviet Union 0 They lost between 2030 million and we lost 450000 0 They were occupied by Germans for two years I Yet important institutional changes occur in US 0 Military draft 0 Summer of 1940 a military draft was passed by congress 0 First time in history that one was passed when we weren t in a war 0 Growth of nation security state 0 State department grows 0 Has to do with political relations 0 OSS leads to CIA Office of Strategic Services OSS Central Intelligence Agency CIA Created after WWII especially Pearl Harbor A major factor in the success ofPearl Harbor was the outgrowth of the lack of intelligent OOOO 0 There was no place for all the Japanese intelligence to go and if there was this could have been predicted 0 911 occurred because FBI and CIA did not share information with each other 0 Joint Chiefs of Staff Created informally during WWII Includes the heads of each of the service branches ex navy army marines air force which didn t eXist yet They would divide up responsibilities and create a military strategy 0 Army and navy disputed air power 00 O 0 Department of Defense 0 Secretary of Defense was head of the Chiefs of Staff 0 Helped unify armed forces and coordinate military strategy 0 NSC 0 National Security Council 0 Integrate military and economic strategy I Military association with private sector 0 There needs to be a higher level ofmilitary preparedness 0 Big business and militaryindustrial complex 0 Reluctant to participate because they assumed that all the contracts would be terminated at the end of the war 0 Realized it would be much larger then in the past 0 When military leaders retire they work in businesses with military connections 0 Universities 0 Manhattan project was worked on by professors 0 Research in hard sciences and social sciences 0 Worked with the state department because an active foreign policy needed a more engaged public and they needed the ability to manipulate public sentiment and opinion 0 Especially true in Cold War and expertise on Soviet Union I Created funding for Soviet studies programs I These led to a growth in power of federal government I Growth ofpresidential role 0 Congress seen as culprit between wars because of slow reaction to Japanese and German aggression o Neutrality acts were a mistake 0 President must be stronger in foreign policy 0 FDR moves to bypass Congress 0 Shape public attitudes I Income taxes pay for this increased size of government 0 Social security began in 1936 0 Automatic deduction does not begin until we were already in the war I Depression and WWII end period of small government in US history 0 Why did we not revert back to a depression after the war 0 Increased numbers of women in workforce and GI Bill 0 Cainsim thought it was rooted in military spending WWII Women and the GI Bill 0 Women 0 60 increase in women in the workforce I Women in workforce 0 Late 30s 28 o 1945 37 I Married women 0 Late 30 s 15 o 1945 25 0 Many married women in workforce have children I Helps produce increased savings I Sparks postwar boom 0 Women continue to work without competing with men 0 Economy is expanding rapidly creating more jobs 0 There is a fair amount ofin ation which puts pressure on family to increase income I Longterm impact on gender roles however no immediate change in attitudes 0 After war many leave jobs for the home 0 But by 1950 the numbers are at the same level as during the war 0 Wartime pamphlet quotthe war in general has given women new status new recognitionyet it is essential that women avoid arrogance and retain their femininity in the face of their own new status


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