AMER HIS SNC 1865
AMER HIS SNC 1865 HIST 2112
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This 30 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Muller on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112 at University of Georgia taught by Wolf in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/201978/hist-2112-university-of-georgia in History at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
1Reconstruction Slavery is dead Thomas Nast 1867 Shall we call home our troops quotWe intend to beat the negro in the battle of life amp defeat means one thing EXTERMINATIONquot Birmingham Alabama News I What were the various visions for the future of the United States following the Civil War I How would the nation be reunited and who would control the rebuilding How would the South39s and the nation39s economy be restored What would happen to the freedmen A Emancipation Proclamation a TenPercent Plan 0 WadeDavis Bill A Emancipation Proclamation Great Emancipator Lincoln as pragmatist Aug 1862 meeting to discuss colonization Emancipation Proclamation went into effect 111863 Slave resistance contraband SeCOnd Bull Run VA Aug 1862 B TenPercent Plan I TenPercent Plan Dec 1863 aka Proclamation of Amnesty amp Reconstruction I If 10 of a state s voters according to prewar rolls took a loyalty oath could be readmitted to Union I Effort to weaken the Confederacy I Believed states couldn t legally secede therefore reunionreorganization was an admin matter I TN LA VA AR took advantage of this plan but didn t achieve Congressional recognition u Radical Republicans wanted I No former Confederate leaders in power in the postwar South I Republican party prominence in the South l Civil equality for blacks in the South by guaranteeing the vote Conservative Republicans profoundly racist blacks could never become responslble cltlzens Moderate Republlcans 89 Lincoln llmlted black suffrage C Wade Davis Bill Passed July 1864 l Compromise between radical and moderate Repubs requiring 1 Majority of voters to take iron clad oath past as well as future loyalty 2 States to prohibit slavery 3 Confederate leaders be disfranchised permanently Lincoln pocketvetoed the bill but gave signs that he might be willing to compromise April 15 1865 assassinated A Restoration a Black Codes c Johnson and Congress do battle Andrew Johnson Selfmade man former slaveowner From TN a border state Blamed the planter aristocracy for the war Radical Repubs expected his support but were disappointed A Restoration I Like Lincoln Johnson believed states retained their constitutional status gt reunion was an executive matter I While Congress was adjourned issued a series of proclamations allowing lenient terms for restoration I By Dec 1865 when Congress returned all states had functioning governments I But Congress had to recognize their national representatives ExConfeds returned to power In many soulhem states I Some states refused to repudiate secession and rarity the 13th Amendment BIackCodesbodyoflawematnenowryde ned blacke rights and hindered freedom of movement C Johnson and Congress do battle I Congress refused to seat the southern delegates I Congress controlled the purse amp thus the implementation of Reconstruction I Congress passed Civil Rights Bill by overriding presidential veto federal government defining rights and citizenship I Congress passed a Freedman s Bureau bill over Johnson s objection I Eventually came to a head w impeachment in late 1867 lmpeached but not convicted A B C 14th Amendment Military Reconstruction Acts 1867 15th Amendment Congressional Moderation unintended to strengthen Civil Rights Act of 1866 Constitutional guarantee of rights for all citizens Moderates were afraid that explicitly guaranteeing African Americans the right to vote would alienate northern voters Rising violence in the South clinched Moderate support Le w mu E 0 am x QRNAL orcwmzmpmx 7 u Em w lmphm sg Tmm 9 me H U Ql Ls I Rati ed 1868 Single most imporhnt act of the Reconstruction era B Military Reconstruction early 68 Date nl rcadmission l0 lhc Union 70 Dill of recstablishmcnl of onserva iv rule Iricts set up by39 Military Mar 2 114 lll 1 ml l True beginning of congressional reconstruction l Divided the South into 5 military districts a Now process for admitting states All voters including blacks and excludim Confeds to elect delegates to state conventions to write new constitutions guaranteeing block suffrage Ratify 14th Amendment Profound challenge to white elite power Rapid black political mobilization C 15th Amendment I Passed Congress Feb 1869 I Can t deprive any citizen of the right to vote bc of race color or previous condition of servitude I Extended the vote to northern blacks D Congressional Moderation g u A I By late 1867 northern 39 voters showed strong preference for moderation Ulysses S Grant elected 1868 90 Freedmen s Bureau Sharecropping Black Community Republican Rule I Established 1865 renewed 1866 I Conceived as a temporary measure to help exslaves I Established schools arbitrated labor contracts Established schools arbitratod labor contracts Pueblo ptolootor u 799 agents for 3 million floodmon I nyamunto ondloglw I Efforts undowut by Johnson and Conan Example oftho rostrictod role that the national govommont played in determinan the future status of blacks B Sharecropping I Revival of southern economy rested on agriculture I Sharecropping compromise between planters and freedmen I Blacks didn t want labor contracts I Weren t able buy land but wanted benefits and privacy of landholding I By 18678 system of sharecropping taking shape I Croplien system I During Reconstruction 35 of farmers were tenants in 1900 70 C Black Community Seized freedom of choice Rapid growth of Af Am churches Educa on American Missionary Association Black universities 186567 eg Atlanta University Achieved universal male suffrage Created South s rst public school systems Tofund services raisedtaxesaincuneddebt I All southern state gcvemments were 39redeemed by conservative Dams 18691877 through violence economic intimidation fraud I Redemption abte to proceed because northemers and national Republican s commitment waning I North by early 18703 weary of struggles of freedmen Give them the vote and move on Laissezfaire Increasing ethnicity Continuing industrial revolution Growth of trade unions Territorial expansion Panic of 1873 u Reconstruction long dormant by 1876 of cially ended Republican Rutherford B Hayes Democrat Samuel Tilden Compromise South to get lntemal improvement 3 last of federal troops to be removed Demo agreed not to block Hayee inauguration Message Hayes wouldn t enforce the 14th amp 15th Amendments
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