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by: Tiara Muller


Tiara Muller
GPA 3.97


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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Muller on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112H at University of Georgia taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see /class/201988/hist-2112h-university-of-georgia in History at University of Georgia.


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Date Created: 09/12/15
Rao 1 Brittany Rao HIST l 112 Dr Phillip Guerty 16 April 2010 The Impact of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution began in England around 1733 with the first cotton mill This was the beginning of a more modern world As new inventions were being created factories soon followed England wanted to keep their industrialization a secret but revolution had also began in the United States However the Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to society The owners of the newly invented factories needed inexpensive inexperienced labor profited greatly by using children and women to run the machines Children as young as the age of siX were working in factories up to 16 hours a day Industrial Revolution had both good and bad sides The Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century made an positive impact on Western society The introduction of factories the assembly line new inventions the development of electricity and the railroads all contributed to faster more efficient production of goods and materials While the Industrial Revolution also contributed to issues such as child labor and urban overcrowding they eventually resulted in positive ways such as the funding of schools and the passage of child labor laws As a result the Industrial Revolution enhanced both economic production and the way in which people lived The global effects of the Industrial Revolution held positive and negative consequences Many positive ones included the numerous job opportunities and significant price decrease In turn this improved many ofthe people s lives and gave all people to become a part of society such as being employed and becoming an active consumer Fortunately the industrial revolution brought many national benefits also The production of goods increased along with the availability due to the mass Rao 2 production The massproducing allowed the goods to drop in price which was a great national and personal bene t The increase of new ideas and inventions led to an increase of the quality of life Medicinal products became more abundant transportation was enhanced and free education was now available People found themselves with more leisure time Another great national bene t was the increase of wages health bene ts and a pension from those who have retired The inventions that came from the industrialized revolution helped form a more ideal society The ideas that arose during the eighteenth and nineteenth century have continued to contribute to our society today such as labor laws and health bene ts It helped integrate our lives so that we could learn new technology and adapt more easily to new inventions Agriculture occupied a wellknown position in the English way of life during this period Not only was its signi cance xed in the continuation of the population but agriculture was a vital source of raw materials for the textile industry The production of wool and cotton for the manufactures of cloth increased in each consecutive year as did the amount of food crops Other advances in agriculture included the use of sturdier farm equipment formed from metal Up until this period most fa1ming equipments were made entirely out of wood Increased energy was being placed into the breeding of livestock control of insects improved irrigation and farming methods developing new crops and the use of horsepower in the elds to replace oxen as a source of power These changes that occurred in agriculture made it possible to feed the communities that were attracted to the industrial centers as factory workers By providing enough food to sustain an adequate work force England was preparing the way for expansion of the economy and industry The J 39 I and 39 J J quot quot of steam power was certainly the greatest technical achievement of the Industrial Revolution Many industries needed the ability to apply the enormous power produced by the steam engine to continue their development in production James Watt is Rao 3 credited with the invention of the steam engine Watt improved a design which was developed by Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen Watt s engine improved the competence of Newcomen s engine fourfold and he utilized the latest technology in gun making where accuracy was necessary The transfer of one technology to another is obvious in that Watt used John Wilkinson s device for boring cannon to accurately bore the large cylinder for his engine The development of a sensible efficient steam engine and its application to industry and transportation caused a great leap for industrialization Its application was practically limitless and it was responsible for lifting industries from nothing to something During the 18th century the population grew more rapidly than ever before There are four primary reasons which may be responsible for this growth a decline in the death rate an increase in the birth rate the virtual elimination of the dreaded plagues and an increase in the availability of food However the most significant reason final was the English people were consuming a much healthier diet Although there were many reasons for the growth of the population in addition to those above Business s provided higher wages to individuals than was being offered in the villages This allowed young people to marry and produce earlier in life The old way of apprenticeship did not allow an apprentice to marry The city life gave young people a greater choice of prospective partners in contrast to the limited choices in the smaller village Finally industry provided people with improved clothing and housing though it took a long time for housing conditions to improve With the implementation of the factory system there was a shift of population Settlements grew around the factories Many times housing was provided to workers by their employers which gave the factory owners more control over the lives of their workers In some cases factories started in existing towns which was advantageous because a labor pool was already available The key consideration for locating afactory was the availability of power The early form of power was a derivative directly from


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