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by: Dr. Vaughn Predovic


Marketplace > University of Georgia > Spanish > SPAN 1110 > ACCEL ELEM SPANISH
Dr. Vaughn Predovic
GPA 3.75


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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Vaughn Predovic on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPAN 1110 at University of Georgia taught by Alonso in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see /class/202022/span-1110-university-of-georgia in Spanish at University of Georgia.




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Date Created: 09/12/15
Spanish Final Exam Study Guide 4292014 80200 PM DeberNecesitar Infinitive o Examples 0 debemoslimpiar o debolavar o necesitapasar o necesitantrabajar o Conjugation of Deber should must Yo Debo Tu Debes ElEllaUd Debe Nosotros Debemos Uds Deben o Conjugation of Necesitar to need Yo Necesito Tu Necesitas ElEllaUd Necesita Nosotros Necesitamos Uds Necesitan Ir a infinitive o Examples 0 Voy a invitar Por vs Para 0 POR 0 Used to express in when referring to period of the day Por la ma ana por la tarde por la noche Remember that de is used when giving the exact time of day SON LAS 800 DE LA MANANA 0 Modes of transportation or communication 0 Through or along Por la puerta por la vantana o Fixed Expressions Porejemplo Poreso Por favor Pore fin Pore lo general Por lo menos o PARA o Para infinitive means in order to do something Para tener 0 Indicates who or what something is destined for or to be given to Para me sobrinao Express toward or in the direction of Ma anamisti39ossalenparamalaga Express deadlines El informeespara el jueves O O MASMENOSQUE c When you want to say someone has less or more of a characteristic than another person or thing USE FORMULA MASMENOS QUE ADJ ADV que 0 Mayor que older then Menorque younger than Mejorque better than Peorque worse than 0 O O TAN TANTOAOSAS COMO c When speaker want to say that a person or thing has as much of as characteristic as another person or thing they use the formula TAN ADJADV COMO o Creoque los mueseos de arte son TAN interesantesCOMO los museos de historia Visito los museos de historiaTANfrecuentementeCOMO los de arte I think art museums are as interesting as history museums I visit history museums as frequently as art museums When speakers want to say that two or more nouns are equal in quantity they use the formula TANTOTANTATANTOSTANTAS NOUN COMO must agree with gender 0 En Espa a existenTANTASestructuras familiars alternativasCOMO en estepais In Spain as many alternative family structures exist in this county c When speakers want to say that two actions are qual in some way they use the phrase TANTO COMO o MishermanosestudianTANTO COMO to My siblings study as much as I do 0 A los jovenesespa oles es gustasalir con sus amigos TANTO COMO a los jovenes de estepais Spanish young people like to go out with their friends as much as youth in this country DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS First Me Second Te Third o A direct object receives the action of the verb in a sentence and generally answers the question what or who Direct Object Pronouns are used to avoid having to repeat the direct object over and over again o Examples 0 dUsa Miguel Angel el ordenador en casa Does Miguel Angel use the computer at home Si LO usa en casa Yes he uses it at home 0 dTiene el dormitoriounamesita y unalampara Does the room have a night table and a lamp Si lastiene o dTesaludan Teresa u Susana cuando t ven Do Teresa and Susana greet you when they see you Si me saludancuando me ven en la calle Yes they greet me when they see me on the street In negative sentences the word no is placed before the direct object pronoun o dTienen piscine las casa en Espa a Do the houses in Spain have pools o No generalmente no lastienen No generally they don t have them In the case of a conjugated verb followed by an infinitive the direct object pronoun may be placed before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive o dPuedesllamarmemastarde en casa Can you call me later at home o Si tepuedollamar OR Si puedollamarte Yes I can call you If the verb is in the present progressive form the pronoun may be placed immediately before the conjugated form of estar or attached to the end of the gerund o dEstaslimpiando la cocina Are you cleaning the kitchen o Si la estoylimpiando OR Si estoylimpiandola Yes I am cleaning it Indirect Object Pronouns Me tofor me Te tofor you Le tofor you himher it Nos tofor us Les tofor you them Placed immediately before a conjugated verb or attached to the end of an infinitive dLe sirvomas caf a Ud Shall I serve you more coffee Voy a servirte el postre I am going to serve you dessert Estoypreparandolest a mis amigos I m preparing tea for my friends Double Object Pronouns When a direct and an indirect object pronoun are found in the same clause they always appear together and the indirect pronoun always comes BEFORE the direct object Papa dme vuelves a contaresahistoria Dad will you tell me that story again Si mi hija te la vuelvo a contar Yes my child I ll tell it to you again The indirect object pronouns le and les change to se when they precede the direct object pronouns lo la los las SER VS ESTAR SER O O O O O 0 Give the time of day or year the month the date and the day Indicates possession Indicates origin and nationality Describes the inherent qualities of a person or thing There qualities may be physical or related to a person s personality Definition or it identifies someone or something A stage of life era joven era ni a Describes a person s age ESTAR 0 Tell where something or someone is located at a given moment Talk about the feelings or appearance of a person or thing at a specific point in time EVENTS Used to form the present progressive tense which is used to state an action is in progress at the moment Reflexive Verbs BANARSE Me ba o Nosba amos Tebanas Se ba a Se banan In the case of a conjugated verb followed by an infinitive the reflexive pronoun may be placed either before the conjugated verb or it may be attached to the infinitive Me voya divertir good time Nosvamos a relajar OR Voy a divertirme I am going to have a OR Vamos a relajarnos We re going to relax Indefinite Words someone some 0 Tambi n Words Ni T Formal Commands Infinitive Present Tense Remove 0 Add opposite Ud Or Uds Yo vowel ending Aplastar Aplasto Aplas e en Apleaste apleasten Comer Como Com a an Coma coman Vivir Vivo viv a an Viva vivan If a verb has an irregular YO form in the present tense that same irregularity carries over to the formal command form IRREGULAR FORMAL COMMANDS Infinitive Ud Command Uds Command Dar D Den Estar Est Est n Ir Vaya Vayan Saber Sepa Sepan Ser Sea sean To tell someone what not to do put the word no in front of the affirmative formal command o No sirva la comida antes de Iasbebeidas Don t serve the food before the drinks When using reflexive indirect object or direct object pronouns with an affirmative command the pronouns are ALWAYS A39l39l39ACHES TO THE END OF THE COMMAND Preu benlo Try it denles los platos Give them the plates d nselos Give them to them OTHERS entregar entreguen ponerepongan traer traigan When using pronouns with a negative command the pronouns always go between the no and the command form o No se siententodavia Don t sit down yet FORMAL COMMANDS OF CAR GAR AND ZAR VERBS Infinitive Pretentyo Spelling change Formal command Buscar Busco C qu Busquen Pagar Pago G gu Pague n Almorzar Almuerzo Z c Almuerce n PAST TENSE VERBS Preterit of ar verbs Llev Llevamos Llevaste Llev llevaron o Pensar pens pensaste penso Preterit of er verbs Comi Comimos Comiste Comio comieron o Volver volvi volviste volvio Preterit of ir verbs Sali Salimos Saliste Salio Salieron o Creer crei creI39ste creyo creI39mos creyeron o Leer IeI39 Iel39ste Ieyo Iel39mos Ieyeron o OI39r oi oiste oyo oimos oyeron Common words and phrases used with preterite o Anoche anteayer ayer e lunes pasado e mesa opasado Ia semanapasada Ia Ultimavezque a Ias specific time por specific time period IRREGULAR PRETERITES Infinitive Stem Endings Andar Anduv e Estar Estuv iste Hacer Hic o Poder Pud imos Poner Pus ieron Querer Quis Saber Sup Tener Tuv Venir Vin Ver vi viste vio vimos vieron Decir dij e iste o imos eron Traer traj e iste o imos eron SerIr fui fuiste fue fuimos fueron Dar di diste dio dimos dieron The preterite of Hay is hubo T0 COMMANDS Regular Affirmative tlII commands o Manejar maneja o Comer come o Conducir conduce o Tomar toma Irregular Affirmative tlII commands o Decir di Hacer haz Poner pon o Ir ve o Salir sa o Ser s Tener ten o Venir ven NEGATIVE Tl39J COMMANDS Infinitive Present yo Remove o Add opp Neg tlII Doblar Doblo Dolb es No dobles Comer Como Com as No comas Salir Salgo Salg as No salgas Vlver Vuelvo Vuelv as No vuelvas Server Sirvo Sirv as No sirvas Conducer Conduzco Conduzc as No conduzcas Decir Digo Dig as No digas Infinitive Present yo Change Neg tlII Buscar Busco C qu No busques Pagar Pago G gu No pagues Almorzar Almuerzo Z c No almuerces IRREGULAR NEGATIVE Tl39J COMMANDS Infinitive Ud Command Negative tlII Dar D No des Estar Est No est s Ir Vaya No vayas Saber Sepa No sepas Ser Sea No seas IMPERFECT o Describe actions or states in the past that do not have any clear beginnings or endings o Characteristics of people and things o Dates times seasons and weather conditions in the past o Two or more actions that were happening at the same time o Background information of a situation AR verbs aba abas aba abamos aban ERIR verbs I39a I39as I39a I39amos I39an IRREGULAR IM PERFECT VERBS Ir Ser Ver Iba Era VeI39a Ibas Eras Veias Iba Era VeI39a ibamos Eramos Veiamos Iban Eran Veian USES OF PRETERIT AND IMPERFECT o Preterit 0 Used to express action completed in the past within an implied or stated specific time period EN ANO PASADO 0 Series of sequential completed actions CUANDO 0 Actions that interrupted another action 0 Certain verbs Conocer to meet for the first time No Poder to succeedto fail No Querer to try to refuse Saber to find out Tener to get obtain receive o Imperfect o Describes background information in the past including time weather age mental and physical conditions 0 Express actions that were taking place at the same time typically in the background MIENTRAS o Describes habitual actions that used to take place in the past CUANDO ERA NINo 0 Actions that were in progress when another action interrupted PRESENT PERFECT o Used to talk about events that occurred in the past but continue to affect the present 0 FREQUENTLY USED PHRASES IN CONJUCTION WITH PRESENT PERFECT o Algunavez nunca ya hasta ahora recientements todavia and ultimamente 0 REGULAR VERBS He estudiando Has Ha comido Hemos Han vivido IRREGULAR VERBS Abrir Abierto Cubrir Cusierto Decir Dicho Describer Descrito Descubrir Descubierto Devolver Devuelto Escribir Escrito Hacer Hecho Imprimir Impreso Morir Muerto Poner Puesto Resolver Resuelto Romper Roto Ver Visto Volver Vuelto HACE TIME QUE o A Present tense verb to express how long something has been in progress 0 Hace length of time que verb in present tense o Verb in present tense desdehace length of time o B Expresses how long it s been since something has happened 0 Hace length of time que verb in preterit o Verb in preterit hace length of time SUBJUNCTIVE o AR 9hablar9hablo drop the o o hable hables hable hablemos hablen o ER 9 comer 9como drop the o o coma comas coma comamos coman o IR evivir vivo drop the o o viva vivas viva vivamos vivan o Servir sirva sirvas sirva sirvamos sirvan o Dormir duerma duermas duerma dUrmamos duernman IRREGULAR PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS Dar D Des D Demos Den Ir Vaya Vayas Vaya Vayamos Vayan Saber Sepa Sepas Sepa Sepamos Sepan Haber Haya Hayas Haya Hayamos Hayan Estar Est Est s Est Estemos Est n Ser Sea Seas Sea Seamos sean WHEN TO USE SUBJUNCTIVE TENSE Doubt denial uncertainty o No creerque o Dudarque o Negarque o No esciertoque o No esverdadque o No estarseguroa de que o no es impossible que o no es improbable que WHEN TO USE INDICATIVE TENSE Belief Affirmation Certainty o Creerque o No dudarque o Afirmarque o Esciertoque o Esverdadque o Estarseguroa de que TENER QUE have to o Tenerque infininitive o If it is a reflexive verb attach the me te se nos se to the END of the infinitive verb o Nosotrostenemosque LEVANTARNOS temprano o Nosotros TENEMOS QUE estudiarpara los finales IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS Subjunctive Indicative Esabsurdoque Esobvioque Esbuenoque Esimportanteque Es incredible que Esinteresanteque Esmaloque Es major que Esnecesarioque Esunalastimaque Esurgenteque Examples o Sugieroque ud Empezar a buscarapartamentoahora o Empiece o Creoqueesa ciudad ser muyinteresante 0 ES o Esimportanteque Uds Comprar el billete a la clase o Compran o Los maestros esperanque Uds Asistir a la clase o Asisten o Mi Hermana quiereque tliiprestar el vestidopara la fiesta o Prestes Verbs Spanish Final 4292014 80200 PM Present tense Pensar to think 0 Pienso Piensas piensa pensamos piensan Almorzar to have lunch 0 Almuerzo almuerzas almuerza almorzamos almuerzan Volver to return 0 Vuelvo vuelves vuelve volvemos vuelven Pedir to ask for o Pido pides pide pedimos piden Servir to serve o Sirvo sirves sirve servimos sirven Tener to have 0 Tengo tienes tiene tenemos tienen Venir to come 0 Vengo vienes viene venimos vienen Preferir to prefer o Prefiero prefieres prediere preferimos prefieren Querer to want 0 Quiero quieres quiere queremos quieren Saber to know 0 S sabes sabe sabemos saben Conocer to know 0 Conozco conoces conoce conocemos conocen Decir to say 0 Digo dices dice decimos dicen Dar to give 0 Doy das da damos dan


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