New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Melyssa Gaylord


Melyssa Gaylord
GPA 3.96


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Sociology

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melyssa Gaylord on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 3070 at University of Georgia taught by Ganem in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/202050/soci-3070-university-of-georgia in Sociology at University of Georgia.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/12/15
January 9 2012 What is juvenile delinquency o Violations of the criminal law by minors o What is a minor 0 Varies by state 0 Under 17 in Georgia Le 16 and under Video Elizabeth Caufman on juvenilejustice UC Irvine htt www outubecom watchvvNYX ZsCut4 0 Kids make immature decisions 0 Brain doesn t develop until 25 0 Kids are more responsive to rewards rather than punishment 0 Caufman39s research helped get rid ofjuvenile death penalty 0 Formal vs Informal punishment pros vs cons How do we treat minors differently 0 SPECIAL LAWS o Truancy skipping school 0 Running away from home is only a law for children 0 Incorrigible fighting with parents defiant argumentative o STATUS OFFENSES an action that is prohibited only to a certain class of people age or status in this case 0 SPECIAL COURTS 0 Goals focus formality terminology privacy sentencing 0 Discussion Importance of Gault case 0 Formality Juvenile courts are more informal conversational 0 Goal to get the child back on track They are interested in the offender In adult courts they are interested in the offense They want to be a SUPER PARENT o Terminology I Adjudicated delinquent instead of guilty I Never given a sentence only a disposition I Youth don t go to jails or prison they go to Youth Development Centers YDC or training schools 0 Privacy Juvenile court records can t be released to the public I Records can be sealed or expunged deleted 0 Sentencing Juvenile courts can only sentence through a youth s 21st birthday they may then move to prison depending on their crime GAULT CASE 0 1964 Arizona Police took Gault into custody without parent s permission His friend allegedly made a vulgar phone call to his neighbor Got a disposition until he was 21 he was under 15 at the time Mother took it to Supreme Court and it was overturned Because of this case the juvenile court is better Everyone has more protection more rights that adults also have But still no jury because it s not punishment it s rehabilitation Juveniles cannot be given the death penalty Juveniles can t be given life without the possibility of parole LWOP Juveniles can be tried as an adult in a particularly gruesome crime January 13 2012 Jacob Ind case htt www outubecom watchvszEThnvvk o 1992 15 year old kills mother and father shot and stabbed with the help ofa friend Gabriel Adams 0 Ind confessed but proof of abuse from parents arose during case 0 He didn t want to speak up about abuse so he ended the abusers lives instead 0 He was found guilty and given life sentence without parole 0 Laws have changed since then and now juveniles get the possibility of parole after 40 years Lionel Tate Discussion 0 12 years old killed a 6 year old girl at his house while imitating wrestling moves He weighed 166 pounds she weighed just 48 pounds He was arrested and sentenced to life in prison without parole The judge called him a coldblooded killer Sentence was then overturned in 2003 He got 3 years in prison 10 years of probation 1 year of house arrest In May of 2005 he got a 30 year sentence for having a gun while on probation and robbing a pizza delivery man 0 Not surprising because recidivism rates are so high What led to the invention ofjuvenile delinquency And how is juvenile delinquency lsocially constructed DID NOT COVER IN CLASS READ IT IN THE BOOK 0 In the beginning juveniles were treated like adults 0 They didn t live very long and the ones that did were then old enough to work 0 Children used to sleep in large rooms with adults drink alcohol had sex willingly and unwillingly began work at an early age and were subject to severe punishments if they misbehaved 0 They were tried in the same courts as adults until 1899 when the first children s court was established 0 In the 1500s and 1600s is when people s view of children began to change 0 This is when the death rate began to decrease 0 Also education began to become important JANUARY 18 2012 Pendulum discussion httpwwwyoutubecomwatchv3Tr39kQ 5s2s o Sentences go from harsh to light back and forth as public opinion shifts Chapter 2 0 Self report on Juvenile Delinquency 0 Self report of victimization 0 Self Report of arrests less than number of delinquent acts 3 ways to measure juvenile delinquency 0 Official Data the Uniform Crime Reports a UCR s have been collected every year since the 1930 s b 95 of all police data is reported to the UCR i Number of crimes reported ii Number of crimes cleared by arrest 1 Number of crimes cleared by arrest number of people arrested Multiple people can be arrested for one crime or one person can be arrested for multiple crimes c Part Ivs Part II crimes i Part I more serious crimes llIndex Crimes ii Demographics are available on offenders for Part I clearance data iii Page 26 table 21 1 Criminal homicide 2 Rape iv Part d Adva nta ges Representative Longi mwsnsnew EPWNP P PP N Robbery face to face theft Aggravated assault Burglary breakin theft Larceny theft swiping shoplifting Motor vehicle theft Arson offenses Forgery Vandalism Gambling DUI Vagrancy Prostitution Panhandling Running away Etc tudinal Accurate for serious crimes e Disadvantages JANUARY 20 2012 Most 1 2 3 crimes don t come to the attention of the police Marked cars cause offenders to flee and disperse Victimless crimes drugs prostitution gambling Ra pe only 40 are reported Police don t always catch the offender or don t follow through with arrest 1 That depends on a Seriousness of the crime b Attitude of the victim c Characteristics of the Police Department Inaccurate reports to the FBI sometimes mistakes but sometimes PDs want to look like they have good results Only the most serious offenses of offenders are reported 20 of delinquent acts get into the UCR Victimization Data 0 50000 households a year contacted every six months 0 People ages 12 and older are asked to report 0 Adva nta ges a Provides information about crimes not known to the police b Provides information about victimization experiences c Demographic information o Disadvantages a It only focuses on few violent crimes b It s only for people 12 and up c Misses those with the highest victimization rates Homeless transient institutionalized d Some crimes are still not reported for various reasons Memory loss embarrassment not wanting to rat on people e Sometimes an offender is not seen no information on demographics Self Report Data 0 How do we know youth are telling the truth 0 Police and court records 0 Peers family and teacher reports 0 Drug Tests 0 Different groups are known to differ in levels of delinquency o Lie detectors or the threat of them 0 Advantages 0 Provides information about crimes not known to the police 0 Some surveys are relatively accurate especially for minor crime 0 Disadvantages 0 Few representative studies 0 Few longitudinal studies 0 Serious crime is under reported I Youth won t admit to it I The most delinquent youth is undersampled Sometimes answer choices are not appropriate 0 Overcoming problems 0 Focus on both serious and minor delinquency Have better response categories Use valid samples throughout weighting Better administered I Audio recorded I Computer assisted I Selfadministered o The National Youth Survey is a good example 000 January 23 2012 Chapter 3 How much juvenile delinquency is there 0 Arrest Data 0 2 million kids were arrested in 2008 0 Most common Part offense arceny theft 0 Most common Part II offense drug abuse disorderly conduct 2002 Number of Arrests 1624192 Population ofJuveniles 23885176 Percentage ofJuveniles Arrested 68 2008 Number of Arrests 2111200 Population ofJuveniles 35511111 Percentage ofJuveniles Arrested 63 quot MEANS THATJUVENILE CRIME RATE lS DECLINING Self Report Data 0 The most common type of crime is minor crime 0 Minor crimes is 2008 5200 per 100 youth That equals 17 billion delinquent acts Victimization Data 0 What is the most common type Larceny Theft and minor crimes 0 How much crime is being committed 21 million crimes 0 Who is most likely to be a victim 0 Young lower class black males I 14 times more likely to be victimized than someone over 65 0 1520 of women will be rape victims I V2 will be before 18 years ofage I 20 of college women will be raped Fluctuations in arrest data Fluctuations in selfreport data Fluctuations in victimization data Might show what if not actual trends o If you increase arrest data what could it mean 0 More police on the streets 0 More concern about a specific crime 0 Definition change in a crime 0 Take the data source into account 0 Fluctuations in Selfreport 0 Maybe some people are more comfortable talking about certain topics January 25 2012 Types of Delinquents o Adolescent limited vs Chronic o Adolescent limited basically good kids until around 13 and then they might get in with the wrong crowd 0 Chronic problem child by the age of 3 Aggressive hyper active trouble maker once in school Serious delinquent acts that may lead to arrest May develop drug addictions 0 Minor vs Serious 0 Minor normal irregular criminal juvenile behavior 0 Serious engage in multiple serious criminal acts 0 Lowrate vs High Rate 0 Lowrate random criminal behaviors o Highrate delinquent lifestyle of criminal behavior 0 Chronic serious high rate offenders make up about 5 of the juvenile population but are responsible for the majority of all juvenile crime s VIOLENT index crimes juvenile delinquency increasing According to ARREST DATA 0 Sharp increase in the late 80 s and early 90 s 0 Declined sharply after 1994 until 2004 0 Now fluctuating but still lower than peak in early 90 s According to SELF REPORT DATA 0 Increase in late 80 s and early 90 s 0 Fluctuated at high levels 0 Slight decrease since 1998 According to VICTIMIZATION DATA 0 Increased during late 80 s and early 90 s 0 Decreased sharply through early 2000 s 0 Modest fluctuations since Possibilities of fluctuations in all types of data 0 Crack cocaine came out in late 80 s 0 War on Drugs campaign 0 Music and film became more violent hiphop came out in the early 90 s 0 Baby boomers were adolescents in late 80 s Freakonomics podcast LevittDubner s alternate hypothesis 0 Abortion is to blame for crime drop 0 When a child is born into an unwanted family is more likely to become a criminal January 27 2012 Chapter 4 GENDER AND CRIME 0 Gender and Age are the best predictors of crime 0 Males commit more delinquent acts than females 0 Called the llgender gap in crime o It is largest for violent and property crime o It is smallest for minor crime and status offenses I Especially larceny theft and shoplifting 0 Boys are socialized to be tough and express their emotions negatively 0 Females do commit serious crimes 0 They commit more prostitution and running away I Females run away because they are abuseddepressedneed attention 0 Their arrest rate is increasing faster than males 0 2002 25 male arrests for every 1 female 0 2008 23 arrests for every one female AGE AND CRIME 0 Property crime peaks around 17 declines rapidly 0 Violent crime peaks around 1820 declines slowly o Exceptions 0 Female offenders peak before males I Theory they hang out with older kids 0 African Americans are less likely to stop offending because it s harder for them to get a job so they have to keep offending RACE AND CLASS Early Arrest Data 0 Strong relationship between raceclass and delinquency 0 So strong that the War on Poverty started 0 That didn t work so the War on Drugs followed Today s Arrest Data 2008 population 775 whites 164 blacks 46 Asian 14 American Indian Juvenile arrest percentage White 66 Black 31 Disproportionate amount of blacks are getting arrested 59 of all murders were committed by blacks 67 of all robbery 42 of all aggravated assault 37 ofall rape Early selfreport data of the 1990 s 0 No relationship between raceclass delinquency 0 Had vague response categories focused on minor offenses Today s selfreport data 0 No relationship for minor crime between raceclass delinquency 0 Yes relationship for serious crime between raceclass delinquency 0 Because lower class and African Americans are more likely to have chronic serious high rate offenders o The average lowerclass or average African American is not more likely than an average white or average working class person to engage in serious crime January 30 2012 Is the relationship between race and delinquency related to social class 0 Saints and Roughnecks 0 People in the lower class are more likely to have visible delinquency o The upper class are more polite and out of the way 0 The relationship is in part due to class 0 Lower class African Americans are more likely to live in project type areas where there is a high concentration of poverty of crimes cleared by arrest 8 truefalse 13 multiple choice 1 short answer


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.