PROF OF SOC WK
PROF OF SOC WK SOWK 2154
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Date Created: 09/12/15
SOWK 2154 The Profession of Social Work MidTerm Exam Study Guide Shari E Miller PhD Spring 2011 Outline for midterm 15 TrueFalse 2pts each 20 Mutiple Choice 2pts each 10 Fill in the blank 2pts each 2 Essays 5pts each Chapter 1 A quotTriple A approach to critical thinking a Ask questions b Assess the established facts and issues involved c Assert a concluding opinion B Definition ofquotsocial welfare according to Barker a quotA nation s systems of programs benefits and services that help people meet those social economic educational and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society C The residual and institutional approaches to social welfare a The residual perspective conceives of social welfare as focusing on problems and gaps Social welfare benefits should only be supplied when people fail to provide adequately for themselves and problems arise b The institutional perspective view s peoples needs as a normal part of life Society has a responsibility to support its members and provide needed benefits and services Definition of generalist social work practice a Incorporates all 10 competencies and forms the heart ofwork education and social work practice i It s the application of an eclectic knowledge base professional values and a wide range of skills to target any size system for change within the conteXt of four primary processes 1 Emphasizes client empowerment U 2 Working effectively within an organizational structure and doing so under supervision 3 Requires the assumption of a wide range ofprofessional roles 4 Involves the application of critical thinking skills to the planned change process Chapter 2 A Definition ofvalues 01 F O a What you do and do not consider important and worthwhile They also involve judgments and decisions about relative worth Definition of ethics a Involve principles that specify what is good and what is bad They clarify what should and should not be done SiX core values from NASW Code of Ethics a Service b Social justice c Dignity and worth ofa person d Importance ofhuman relationships e Integrity f Competence Five arenas in which social workers have ethical responsibilities a Clients b Colleagues c In Practice settings d As Professionals e To the Social Work Profession f To the Broader Society Social justice a Upholding the condition that in a perfect world all citizens would have identical quotrights protection opportunities obligations and social bene ts regardless of their backgrounds and membership in diverse groups Selfdetermination a Each individuals right to make his or her own decisions The siX steps in the ethical decisionmaking process a CIDETERMINE whether there is an ethical issue andor dilemma Is there a con ict of values or rights or professional responsibilities 9 DIDENTIFY the key values and principles involved What meanings and limitations are typically attached to these competing values P DRANK the values or ethical principles which in your professional judgment are most relevant to the issue or dilemma What reasons can you provide for prioritizing one competing valueprinciple over another P EIDEVELOP an action plan that is consistent with the ethical priorities that have been determined as central to the dilemma Have you conferred with clients and colleagues as appropriate about the potential risks and consequences of alternative courses of action Can you support or justify your action plan with the valuesprinciples on which the plan is based e DIMPLEMENT your plan utilizing the most appropriate practice skills and competencies How will you make use of core social work skills such as sensitive communication skillful negotiation and cultural competence f DREFLECT on the outcome of this ethical decision making process How would you evaluate the consequences of this process for those involved Clients professionals and agency es Chapter 3 A Prejudice 01 D F 0 e H Ethnicity I a An opinion or prejudgment about an individual group or issue that is not based on fact although it may be positive it is usually negative Stereotype a A fixed mental picture ofa member of some specified group based on some attribute or attributes that re ect an overly simplified view of that group with out consideration or appreciation ofindividual differences Discrimination a The act of treating people differently based on the fact that they belong to some group rather than on merit quotPopulationatrisk a People at a greater risk of deprivation and unfair treatment because they share some identifiable characteristic that places them in a diverse group Diversity a Factors that characterize diversity age class color culture disability ethnicity gender gender identity and expression immigration status political ideology race religion sex and sexual orientation Empowerment a The process of increasing personal interpersonal or political power so that individuals can take action to improve their life situations Saleebey s five principles of the quotstrengths perspective a Every individual group family and community has strengths Trauma and abuse illness and struggle may be injurious but they may also be sources of challenge and opportunity c Social workers should assume that they do not know the upper limits of the capacity to grow and change and take individual group and community aspirations seriously d Social workers best serve clients by collaborating with them Every environment is full of resources a The affiliation with a large group ofpeople who have common racial national tribal religious linguistic or cultural origin or background Cultural competence a Mastery ofa particular set ofknowledge skills policies and programs used by the social worker that address the cultural needs ofindividuals families groups and communities 1 Ways to cultivate cultural competence a Develop an awareness ofpersonal values assumptions and biases b Establish an appreciation of other cultures and nurture attitudes that respect differences c Understand how one s own cultural heritage and belief system differ from and may in uence interaction with clients who have a different cultural background d Recognize the existence of stereotypes about discrimination against and oppression of various diverse groups e Commit to learning about clients cultures f Acquire effective skills for working with people from other cultures Chapter 4 A Micro mezzo macro levels ofpractice a Micro practice is intervention involving an individual client b Mezzo practice involves work with small groups c Macro practice is intervention involving organizations and communities B Professional roles a generalist social worker may play a Counselor one who provides guidance to clients and assists them in a planned change or problem solving process b Educator one who gives information and teaches skills to others c Broker one who links client systems to needed resources d Case manager a practioner who on the behalf ofa specific client coordinates needed services provided by and number of agencies organizations or facilities e Mobilizer one who identifies and convenes community members and resources to identify quotunmet community needs and quoteffect changes for the better in their community f Mediator one who resolves arguments or disagreements among micro mezzo or macro systems in a con ict g Facilitator one who guides a group experience h Advocate one who speaks out on behalf of clients to promote fair and equitable treatment or gain needed resources C The planned change process a Engagement the initial period when practioners orient themselves to the problem at hand and begin to establish communication and a relationship with others also addressing the problem Assessment a process occurring between practioner and client in which information is gathered analyzed and synthesized to provide a concise picture of the client and his or her needs and strengths c Planning specifies what should be done 9 The social worker should work with the client not dictate to the client to create the treatment plan The social worker together with the client should prioritize the problems so that the most critical ones are addressed first The social worker should identify the clients strengths to provide some guidance for the plannedchange process Implementation is the process whereby client and worker follow their plan to achieve their goals Evaluation is a process of determining whether a given change effort was worthwhile f Termination is the end of the professional social workerclient relationship D Defin empathy and be aware of differences between empathy and sympathy a Empathy involves not only being in tune with how clients feel but also conveying to them in sincere and open manner that workers understand how they feel ii39 P 517 Chapter 5 A Social services what are they and where are they offered a The tasks that social work practioners and other helping professionals perform with the goal of improving people s health enhancing their quality oflife increasing autonomy and independence supporting families and helping people and larger systems improve their functioning in the social environment B Types of social service agencies a Social services i Include the tasks that social work practitioners and other helping professionals perform with the goal of improving people s heath enhancing their quality oflife increasing autonomy and independence supporting families and helping people and larger systems improve their functioning in the social environment b Social agency or social services agency i An organization providing social services that typically employs a range of helping professionals including social workers in addition to office staff paraprofessionals and sometimes volunteers c Public Social Agencies i Run by some designated unit of government and are usually regulated by laws impacting policy d Private Social Agencies i Privately owned and run by people not employed by government ii Services they provide include individual and group counseling family planning and other services for children and older adults e Nonprofit social agencies i Seek to accomplish some service provision goal not to make a profit for owners ii Sources of funding for services can include taxes private donations grants and service fees iii A board of directors presides over a private nonprofit agency formulating policy and making certain that agency staff run the agency appropriately f Proprietary of forprofit private social agencies i Provide some designated social services often quite similar to those provided by nonprofit private agencies ii However a primary purpose for the existence ofa proprietary social agency is to earn a profit for its owners C Primary purpose of quotsocial work with families a The primary purpose of family social work is to help families learn to function more competently while meeting the developmental and emotional needs of all members Social workers can help families deal with crises and problems they encounter in the external environment c Sometimes it s necessary to advocate for resources that aren t readily available or to change social policies that are not in families best interests d Developing a social network The structure and number ofpeople and groups with whom you have contact or consider yourself to be in contact Social workers can help families get connected with social networks that provide four types of support 1 Emotional support involves people who can listen to the client understand his situation provide encouragement and celebrate his successes Instrumental support includes others who can offer concrete types of help such as money rides and shelter 3 Informational support embraces people who can provide important information to the client so that she can make the right connections and actions 4 Appraisal support involves those who can give honest feedback to the client on how he is performing and acting D What are the two types of groups What are the purposes of each type of group a Treatment groups 39 Help individuals solve personal problems change unwanted behaviors cope with stress and improve quality oflife Efforts focus on clients solving their personal problems enhancing personal qualities or providing each other with support Five primary types of treatment groups 1 Therapy groups that help members with serious psychological and emotional problems change their behavior a Ex groups formed to treat depression sexual difficulties anxiety and psychosomatic disorders 2 Support groups whose members share common issues or problems and meet on an ongoing basis to cope with stress 9 Equot ii39 give each other suggestions provide encouragement convey information and furnish emotional support a Differ from therapy groups because i Place greater emphasis on member supporting and helping each other ii Stress ongoing coping and support instead of alleviating psychological difficulties b Ex group ofpeople living with AIDS recovering alcoholics adult survivors or sexual abuse veterans experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder 3 Educational groups that provide some type ofinformation to participants a Ex group ofparents learning child behavior management techniques teens receiving sex education a group of older adults interested in findingjobs and a group of older adults in a nursing home requesting information about their prescribed drugs 4 Growth groups aimed at expanding selfawareness increasing potential and maximizing health and wellbeing a Ex a group of heterosexual singles exploring their attitudes about the opposite gender a values clarification group for adolescents and a group of gay men focusing on gay pride issues 5 Socialization groups that help participants improve interpersonal behavior communication and social skills so they might better fit into their social environment a Ex an urban neighborhood s youth activities group a schoolbased group of shy teens working to improve interpersonal skills and a Parents Without Partners groups sponsoring various social activities such as parties and outings b Task or work groups i Groups that apply the principles of group dynamics to solve problems develop ideas formulate plans and achieve goals that has to do with changing the external environment In the macro social environment are formed to meet the needs of individuals families groups organizations or communities 1 Ex an agency task group might focus on developing treatment strategies to meet the needs of Eastern European immigrants seeking agency resources 2 Ex another task group might include social services personnel and representatives from community groups coordinating a neighborhood watch program aimed at preventing crime E The purposes of The National Association ofSocial Workers NASW a Membership lends credibility P Provides opportunities for networking c Provide membership services Sponsor organized efforts for lobbying on behalf of socially responsible social welfare policies and services Publish policy statements on various issues to help guide members in their practice F Social work licensure a All state have laws that define licensure P 517 Chapter 6 A Elizabethan Poor Law 1601 a First legislation to provide public support for needy via local taxes b Created categories of eligible recipients c Dependent Children i Placed in service based on bidding system d Impotent Poor i Indoor relief ii Outdoor relief e Ablebodied Poor i quotUndeservingquot B Purpose of the Speenhamland System did it achieve its goals Why a A system that re ected a new approach to working with poor people Bread had become so expensive that many people could not afford it so the speenhamland government leaders responded by initiating a policy that supplemented the income of all poor people so that everyone would have what was deemed minimum income necessary for survival Turned out to be a op and did not work wages dropped because business owners did not want to pay the workers if the government was going to do it anyway C The three mental health movements in the United States a Moral treatment 1770s1900 Humane treatment in institutional settings b Mental Hygiene 19001945 Specialized psych units and psychotherapy c Deinstitutionalization 1950s to present Provision of care in people s own communities D The Freedman s Bureau a was placed under the war department to help newly freed African America slaves Provided them a home ifneeded transportation and schools for children who needed it It helped relieve African American people to get on their feet now that they are free E Etta Wheeler and the beginnings of child protective services a When Etta Wheeler found 9 year old Mary Ellen Wilson being abused She asked for help form the police but they did not help so she went to the society for prevention of cruelty to animals and she got help The prevention of cruelty to children was established in late 1800s early 1900 s l What was the Settlement House movement Which two women are regarded as the founders of this movement and where did the movement begin a Places where caregivers settled to live among and help poor urban residents b Foundation for generalist practice c Addressed problems in environmental conteXt and advocated for social reform and empowerment d Hull house in Chicago 1889 founded by Jane Adams and Ellen Gates Star What were the purposes of the Charity Organization Societies Who was the key social work figure associated with this movement a Friendly visitors focused on helping the individual moralistic orientation b Established knowledge base and applied it to the helping process clinical SW c Professionalized helping via SSWs d Emphasis on expertise Social Security Act of 1935 three major benefit categories a Social Insurance b Public assistance c Heath services On what idea was the quotWar on Poverty founded a Through a residual lens and helped fill in the blanks for individuals to solve poverty Chapter 7 A U Definition of social welfare policy a The laws and regulations that govern which social welfare programs exists what categories of clients are served and who qualifies for a given program SiX steps in the process of social welfare policy development Recognition of societies values Identification ofproblems and needs Identification ofpublic opinion Formulation of social welfare policy Implementation through a social welfare program f Agency service delivery 999 quotInkind benefits a any benefit other than cash ie food stamp food products free school lunches low income housing rend subsidize daycare and personal social services Universality and selectivity in service provision a Universally the idea that social welfare benefits should be equally available to all embers of society regardless of their income or means public educations through high school is a universal social welfare benefit available to all citizens as well as social security b Selectively idea that social welfare benefits should be restricted to those who can demonstrate need through establishing criteria FiveE approach to policy analysis a How effective is the policy b How efficient is the policy c Is the policy ethically sound d What does evaluation of potential alternative policies reveal e What recommendations can be established for positive changes Chapter 8 A Understand the feminization ofpoverty a About 58 of women over age 16 work outside of the home One half of mothers with infants under a year old are employed outside of the home Women earn about 75 of what men earn Discrepancies between men s and women s incomes regardless of occupation Women are significantly more likely to be poor than are men Children in FHHs are at greater risk ofbeing poor Race single parenthood amp FHH increase this risk B Structural causes ofpoverty a Economic political and discrimination based on race and gender on power point C Individual causes ofpoverty a Skills education credentials people bring as seek employment has consequences for ability to get job and succeed b Poor families have less money unequal playing field unequal access to resources Originate in singleparent family fewer resources Families more likely to have greater number of children fewer resources spread thinner e Poor people more likely to have disability D What are social insurance and public assistance How do they compare with each other a Social insurance Financial benefits provide protection against lost wages from retirement prolonged disability death or unemployment and protection against cost of medical care during old age or disability b Public assistance Financial and inkind benefits to people who can t support themselves E For the following programs and services understand the general purpose of each a Social Security i Social insurance that you pay into ii It is a retirement benefit that can be received when you are 65 b Medicare i Created by Health Insurance for the Aged Act 1965 ii Social insurance financed by employeremployee contributions based on earnings and federal taX revenues iii People eligible 65 or older disabled kidney disease 1 Part A 9999 95 C TANF i i ii39 iv V d Supple i 539quot a Hospital Insurance pays for some hospital services limited stays in skilled nursing facilities some home health care and hospice care b Benefits restricted based on criteria and are time limited Part B a Supp Medical Ins pays for Dr fees lab procedures medical equipment ambulance b Does not cover dental vision routine Dr exams long term nursing care c Not free can enroll during designated periods have deductible and monthly fee d Medicare Drug Plan Client shares cost wGov Part C Medicare Advantage a Persons enrolled in A and B can select how receive health care managed care feeforservice plans b Receive A amp B coverage and preventive care dental care hearing aids c Cost varies by selected plan Medigap a Covers gaps in other parts b Coverage and cost vary c No coverage for longterm nursing homes assisted living adult day care etc Part D Voluntary prescription drug plan 90 of recipients have enrolled Choose plan costing 35mo With additional costs plan can be very expensive Cost distribution very convoluted Government prohibited from bargaining to reduce prices charged by pharmaceutical companies Importing cheaper drugs is forbidden rm 19 9 02 Assists needy families so that children can be cared for in their own homes Public assistance program that varies across state lines Reduces the dependence of needy parents on government benefits by promoting job preparation work and marriage Prevents incidence of outofwedlock pregnancies Encourages the formation and maintenance of twoparent families mental Security Income SSI pays for Dr fees lab procedures medical equipment ambulance Provide benefits to workers and their families based on their rights rather than their needs
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