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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erling Ward on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELI 1001 at University of Georgia taught by Brown in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/202102/reli-1001-university-of-georgia in Religion at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
March 3 2011 Religion 1001 World 0 O O O 0 World 0 0 Christianity Significance Size History Complexity Diverse Manifestations Lifestyle Differences In uence Perception of Time Similarities to Judaism Monotheistic exoteric observant and mystical Distinctions from Iudaism Monotheism becomes more complex Houston Smith Christianity is a historical religion central focus is Jesus Jesus 0 O O O O 00 00000 O O O O O 0 Little is known about the quothistoricalquot Iesus what we do know is that Born a Jew in Palestine 4 BCE Grew up in Nazareth Baptized by John the Baptist I May have been related Taught in Galilee In ministry 1 3 years Was crucified at the age of 33 I Between 29 and 33 CE Likely spoke Aramaic might have known Greek andor Latin Lower class carpenter or mason Itinerant Minister traveled Theorized that he came out of the Pharisee movement Had brothers unsure about specifics halfbrothers close friends or relatives Iames Ioseph Simon Iude Albert Schweitzer Quest for Historical Iesus Probably did not exist If he did exist he was wrong 4 General Characteristics About esus 1 Great charisma performed miracles I Separated himself from other preachers Spoke to women in public Preached to poor and lower class 0 Tension between Jesus and the rich Had specific audience Jews 2 Similar to the Prophets ofudaism I Oriented to both physical world and the spirit world I Felt that the Lord was upon him 0 3 A channel for the Divine to humans and for humans to the Divine I Parallels Moses 0 4 Jesus acted for other people 0 Jesus was a man of the spirit 0 The Spirit World oersus 0 Spirit World not separate from the earth superior to it I They interacted and the earth was full of God s glory I Were not separate but they were not equal I Spirit world was above the earth perfect and superior to creation I Connection to spirit world was opened with his Baptism by John the Baptist 0 40 days in the desert comes out empowered and his ministry begins 0 Could be accessed by humanity Major Themes Messages 0 The Kingdom ofGod 0 Earth would return to a perfect state Garden of Eden 0 The reality of the Kingdom would cause a reversal of the people s thinking at the time I Those who think they are Holy are the least Holy I Gentiles and Jews would enter into the kingdom 0 Jesus sees himselfin some capacity bringing the Kingdom I His death is the catalyst that will start the coming of the kingdom 0 Relationship to God 0 Some believed Iesus saw himselfas the son of God or even God only mentioned by Jesus in Gospel of John 0 Calls God quotFatherquot 0 Ethical Obligations 0 Worst sin selfrighteousness I Not having compassion for others 0 Kindness and compassion highest virtues love is key I LOVE IS THE HIGHEST COMMANDMENT Jesus and the Spiritual Realm o The Jews accepted that the spirit was superior to the natural world 0 It could intervene in a dramatic way 0 The spiritfilled prophets could heal and work miracles I Iesus healed with the spirit 0 Scholars state that Jesus was a healer and exorcist 0 Jesus was extraordinary because he aspired to heal humanity o Demons were aware ofwho Jesus was Reactions to Roman Occupation 0 Thought they could bring about the Messianic Age through their own actions 0 Terrorists Iesus took a Fifth Way 0 Unlike the Sadducees he wanted change 0 Unlike the Essenes he worked within society with the people 0 Unlike the Zealots he advocated peace 0 Jesus was most like the Pharisees 0 Both accepted the compassion and holiness onaHWeH 0 Where did they differ Iesus sought to break social barriers March 7 2011 Christ of Faith 0 Based on the Disciples descriptions in the Gospels they thought he was Divine because of o What they saw him do I Acts of goodness I Miracles 0 Usually performed quietly and apart from crowds I Sought to help all people clean and unclean I Claimed to have the authority to forgive sins I If God interacted with the world in human form he would act like Jesus did 0 What they heard him say I Preaching out loud 0 Parallels between Tanakh and Talmud 0 Overall had a sense of urgency I Simple yet eXtreme manner simple but full of passion I Taught not to judge I Gigantesgue 0 See the Beatitudes in Matthew 5 or Luke 6 I Series of blessings He made before the Sermon on the Mount I Those who know their need of God sorrowful gentle spirit show mercy The Teachings of Jesus 0 Jesus invited people to believe used down to earth images 0 Invited them to believe did not order Spoke to people s imagination Used examples that involved things in people s every day lives Used stories parables Taught to turn the other cheek love your enemy and bless those who curse you O O O O o The burden of the ego I Need of an ego is removed because God loves you Burdens removed because 0 Unconditionally loved by God 0 The strength of this love showed them Jesus was God incarnate TIMELINE 33 CE Crucifixion 36 CE Paul converts to Christianity 5060 CE Paul composes his letters 6470 CE Great ewish Revolt 70 CE Destruction of the temple 7080 CE Gospel of Mark is composed 90100 CE 4 books are created Matthew Luke Iohn Acts 0 Luke and Acts two volumes of the same work 90CE Council onavne believed to have taken place where the Hebrew Bible is put together as it is today The Synoptic Gospels Synoptic Greek for quotviewing together 0 Matthew 0 Mark 0 Luke The Synoptic Gospels have a shared perspective The Gospel ofohn is a work ofa different nature 0 Major theological work 0 Does not follow the events of Iesus life as closely as the three I Tries to find the significance The Question of quotQquot 0 quotQquot Quell German source I There is a lot of info in Matthew and Luke that aren t in Mark 0 Not sure what it is 0 Collection of stories that they knew 0 Book of quotes from Iesus Luke and Matthew may have worked from different manuscripts of quotQquot 0 Luke quotLquot source 0 Matthew quotMquot source Marcan Priori theory that Mark was composed first dominant theory March 10 2011 Mark Earliest ofthe Gospels before 70 CE First and shortest mainly focuses on the ministry of Jesus Peter s secretary Semichronological order The Catholic Church of Rome 0 Only representation of Christianity for 1000 years 0 13 billion Catholics o catholicos means quotuniversalquot o Centered in Rome 0 Thinks ofitself as the universal church 0 Christendom quotDomainquot of Christianity 0 Unique synthesis of religion government social structure 0 Teaching Authority preserves faith epistemology central point of knowledge Iesus teachings opened the door of salvation 0 Why wasn t the Bible enough I Slight differences between books The Church is needed for correct interpretation The office of the Pope I Papacy his office I Seen as successor to Peter I Earthly continuation of Peter Matthew 618 I Earthly head of the church Papal infallibility faith amp morals I Pope s inability to error in certain circumstances I Infallible in matters about faith and morals and only when speaking officially as the lawgiver of the church 0 Sacramental Agent channels of divine grace 0 Points the ways in which we should live and empowers its people to live accordingly 0 Guide people to actions that are necessary for Iesus call 0 Help us live lives above the average 0 7 Sacraments sacramentum oath of allegiance o Baptism I Child is permitted to enter into the spiritual community I Rite ofpassage I Child is seen to be in a new condition 0 Confirmation I Accepting religion as your own I Rite ofpassage I Adulthood o MarriageZHoly Matrimony I 3 primary aspects 0 Declaration of consent made by both parties I Do 0 Priest authorization 0 Physical representation of consent 0 Prayer 0 OrdinationZlloly Orders 0 OO O Criteria to become a saint o Contemporaries ofesus disciples martyrs gospel writers theologians prominent bishops o Developed over centuries performing miracles special degrees of piety channels of divine grace 0 People become saints by Papal decree in RCC I First person to become a saint by Papal decree was a German bishop in 993 CE 0 Intercession o Collectively came to be thought of the elite of Heaven 0 Possess merit or virtue act between humans and God 0 Pray to saints or make pilgrimage to their shrines so they will intercede on your behalf Saint Days Imagery in the Middle Ages 0 People recognized saints visually 0 Saints began to be portrayed on stained glass 0 Patronage 0 Saint became associated with a specific condition or occupation 0 Roman Catholic and Anglican sainthood Reformation Era 0 Christianity was mainly European 0 Spread through colonialism and missionaries o Protestant Reformation o Developed from a difference of Christian opinions within Roman Catholicism 0 Series of events 0 Martin Luther 16th Century 0 Sale of indulgences and relics I Burial clothes pieces of the cross body parts of saints etc I People sold and traded relics I Became another corrupted market 0 95 Propositions of1517 I Seen by the church as a challenge I Pressure was put on Luther and he was excommunicated from the church I Many people who agreed with him supported him 0 Redevelop the Christian understanding of sin and redemption I No need for confession I esus saves based on faith regardless of works 0 Lutherans Anglicans and Calvinists Reformed Churches 0 Lutherans Martin Luther I Germany and Scandinavia