JUDSMCHRSTNTYISLM RELI 1001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erling Ward on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELI 1001 at University of Georgia taught by Honerkamp in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/202112/reli-1001-university-of-georgia in Religion at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
721 BCE Assyria destroyed the northern part of the Iewish Realm called Israel 10 tribes 586 BCE King Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians conquered the southern kingdom oqudah and exiled the living as prisoners to Babylon Destroyed the 1st temple Rosh Hashanah The Jewish New Year Marks the inauguration of a new year Anniversary of the world s creation The occasion set aside by the tradition for the reaffirmation of sovereignty of god and for the quest after the regeneration of the heart PassoverPesah Bearing a twofold reminder of the advent of the springtide and of the liberation of Israel from Egypt Bright with promise of the deliverance which in the future awaits Israel and all mankind Babylonian Exile No temple foe sacrificial atonement Sacrifice becomes a personal choice Sanctity life sacrifice each moment to god Rabbis become important The Jews were held in captivity and then returned to Israel to build the 2M1 temple in 586 BCE Tanakh Hebrew Bible Torah 5 books ofMoses genesis exodus Leviticus numbers Deuteronomy Midrash Vast collections of stories sermons of early rabbis o Halakah Legal explanation of the principles of law 0 Haggadah stories related to the narrative passages of the Tanakh Talmud Main text of Rabbinic Iudaism is a combination of 2 earlier works mishnah gemora o Mishnnah 200 CE Legal material on Seeds agriculturallaws Holidays festivals Women 5 Laws marriage and divorce Damages Civil and criminal law Holiness ritual laws parity 0 Gemara Early rabbinic commentary on the Mishnah Orthodoxy refers to the actual beliefs ofudaism Orthopraxy refers to the actual rituals involved in Judaism Moses A prophet priest he led the exodus of the Jews out of Egypt He received the 10 commandments on Mt Sinai Covenant A contract between god and the Jews that originated at mount Sinai Temple A place in Jerusalem where sacrifices are brought and priests work here 1st temple was built by King Solomon 0 The arc of the covenant is housed in the temple 0 The Babylonians destroyed the first temple in 586 BCE o The Romans destroyed the 2m1 temple in 70 BCE Israel The northern Kingdom Jacob is Israel Israel means quotSomeone who struggles with god and wins udah The southern kingdom King David is from here the largest of the 12 tribes of Jerusalem Prophet god speaks through prophets Second Temple was destroyed in 70 CE Synagogue The Jewish place of worship Tallit A prayer shawl worn during prayer and has fringes to remind the wearer to do other commandments Tefillin Tied around the arm and head during prayers Shema Deuteronomy 64 Hear O Israel the lord is our god and the lord is one Diaspora The dispersal by the Babylonians of the Jews Iews live in quotvarying degrees of Diaspora Stands for the eXile of the Jews from captivity Mt Sinai The place where Moses received the 10 commandments Kabbalah Iewish mysticism deals with the 10 sefirot Sefirot The 10 attributes in Kaballah through which god reveals itself erusalem The royal city of David where the temple was built Capital of Israel Yeshivah place where rabbis are trainedlearnededucated Rabbis a teacher of torah Zohar main teXt of Kaballah Amidah prayer that requires standing central prayer ofudaism Kibbutz collective community in Israel based on agriculture Kashrut set of Jewish dietary laws Shiva a week long mourning period for first degree relatives Tzaddik righteous ones Ashkenazi Iews descended from the medieval Jewish communities along the Rhine in Germany from Alsace to Rhineland Tanakh torah the bible of Judaism Sephardic refers to the Jews that lived in the Iberian peninsula before their expulsion during the Spanish inquisition 6 day war war in 1967 where Israel overtook several Palestinian lands Hallowing oflife Rite ofpassages bris bar mitzvah Shiva weddings life ofpiety serving god realizing that life is all a re ection of god and practicing his religion recognizing the importance of ritual 3 stages ofprophecy 1 The prophetic guilds no prophet identified individually 2 Prewriting prophets ecstatic individuals emerge from the guilds 3 Great writing prophets Humans have 5 traits Frail great sinful free god s beloved children 5 ethical traits behind the 10 commandments 1 Religion 2 Life force 3 Property wealth 4 Human Dignity speech 5 Family lines sex The messianic age for Jews was hope for return to a new homeland and the reconnecting ofewish people in one land again In Christianity it signified the 2 101 coming of Christ
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