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by: Wendell Lakin III


Wendell Lakin III
GPA 3.65


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Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Wendell Lakin III on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LING 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Sorokina in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see /class/202133/ling-2100-university-of-georgia in Linguistics at University of Georgia.




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Date Created: 09/12/15
Review for the TEST3 1 2 3 Know all the theories of First Language Acquisition with examples and details a Imitation theory Children learn speech by listening and reproducing what they have heard b Reinforcement theory It asserts that children learn to speak like adults because they re praised rewarded or otherwise reinforced when they use the right forms and corrected when they use wrong forms c nnateness hypothesis The language ability is innate to humans in our genes i all languages have nouns verbs a certain word order etc Universal Grammar UG Noam Chomsky ii Babies are born with knowledge that language has patterns d Active construction of grammar It assumes that children invent grammar rules themselves The ability is innate but depends on the input e Connectionist theory It assumes that children learn language by creating neural connections in the brain Such connections are developed through exposure to language and by using language frequency of input is needed to establish the correct connections f Social interaction theory Children acquire language through social interaction with adults Adults supply children with a language input through interaction In III In AC6 I 5 Sewn Immigrants Alt red orist namely to Ground Cally reason m immigrant Know all the stages milestones of language development in children with ages a Crying 06 months b Babbling 6 months8months c The oneword stage 1215 months d The two word stage 1824 months e Later stages of development f plurals g negatives h questions wh questions quesliu assly Cassie bought 14 Men of purple mug Morpheme acquisition order quot 12 months a One word stage holophrastic stage single words in isolation b Two word stage two words to convey a sentence no grammatical structure c Later stages of development 345 word sentences emerge from 2 words telegraphic ing in preposition on preposition s for plurals toys s for possessives Mommy s P P PS JNI copula be am is are 7 articles 8 ed regular past 9 s third person singular he likes LearnlNGin a school ON tables from a teacher s lecture isa needed aspect for he 4 Equot 9 N 8 Negation acquisition order a No in front b No bw words c Negatating contractions d Somethingsomebody e NothingNobody f Anythinganybody g SECONDARY i quotnoquot before the verb no understand ii Then they will use don t won t and can t iii The last ones to acquire would be variants of don t doesn t didn t etc Plurals acquisition order a None b Irregulars men c Overgeneralization s mans nouns ending in sibilibants stay singular d es manses e Normal plural rules followed except irregulars Acquisition of questions a Two word sentences asked as questions b Auxiliary verbs and correct structure canwill c Wh question verbs with the structure of a sentence but not question d Invert SampV in wh questions Three types of mistakes children make complexive concepts overextensions underextensions with examples a Complexive Children may associate wrong characteristics of the objects with a word A child might try out different characteristics each time heshe uses a word doggie is anything furry then anything that moves b Overextensions When a child extends the range of a word s meaning beyond that typically used by adults daddy all males c Underextensions It is an application of a word to a smaller set of objects than is appropriate for an adult speech fail to classify whales as mammals 3 types of bilingualism simultaneous bilingualism sequential bilingualism and second language acquisition 3 Simultaneousbilingualism L1 and L2 at the same time interchange languages during sentence


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