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Intro to Sociology, Week 5 Notes

by: Rebecca Smith

Intro to Sociology, Week 5 Notes SO 1003

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > History > SO 1003 > Intro to Sociology Week 5 Notes
Rebecca Smith
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 4
Intro to Sociology
Robert Montgomery
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 03/05/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 4 Agencies of Socialization  Family  Peers  School  Mass media Nature vs. Nurture  Big debate  Is it biological (your genes) or psychological (the way you were raised) Social Interaction  Robert Merton o Is known for his role theory that gives a way to describe social interaction Statuses and Roles  Status o Is position in society with a set of expectations o Ascribed status  You were born into it  Have no control over o Achieved status  You have earned or others have imposed on you  Have control of  Meritocracy o Where you can climb ladder to achieve high rank based on your merit  Master status o One status that rises above all other statuses that you possess  Roles o Are behaviors that go with a status o The expectations  Role conflict o Roles of one status conflict with other status roles  Role strain o When the roles of only one status conflict with each other  Role exit o Giving up one role in order to be the other o Result of role conflict or role strain Social Construction of Reality  Symbolic interactionalism o Learning society from family  Erving Goffman o Came up with dramaturgical theory  Social like is a play  People are actors  Harold Garfinkel o Created method for breaching the norm  Charles Horton Cooley o Stated development of “self” comes from societal interaction with others  George Herbert Mead o Observed infants and children and theorized children only know own needs o Their sense of self comes from family and others o Social self develops over course of childhood when they learn to notice others and can imagine themselves as others o Imitation, play, and games are important for social interaction and development of sense of others (learning roles)  Eric Erickson o Made theory of psychosocial development that describes lifetime in eight stages


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