INTERNAT HLTH PROM
INTERNAT HLTH PROM HPRB 4480
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jewel Tromp on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HPRB 4480 at University of Georgia taught by Cotton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see /class/202156/hprb-4480-university-of-georgia in Health Promotion and Behavior at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Katie Herren 1 Women s health is de ned as health issues speci c to the anatomic makeup of a human female Manoj Shalma Essentials of International Health 2010 It can also be speci ed as health conditions produced by hormones speci c to or most prominent in females Manoj Sharma Essentials of International Health 2010 The feminist movement was the first major stepping stone towards acknowledging the spectrum of women s health The feminist movement wasis a sequence of campaigns on female centric issues such as reproductive rights domestic violence maternity leave equal pay sexual harassment and sexual violence Manoj Shalma Essentials of International Health 2010 The United Nation s Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination CEDAW in 1979 was one of the first agreements to target women s advancement in society Manoj Sharma Essentials of Intemational Health 2010 In relation to global health the feminist movement began momentum in 1970s and was focused on gender based inequalities Women began to demand a holistic view as human beings as opposed to just caregivers or reproducers People began to ght for the rights of women to have reproductive control including access to family planning methods and safe abortions safety from domestic violence and quality occupational and mental health Manoj Sharma Essentials of International Health 2010 The feminist movement is still in full force today and focusing on similar broad topics One area of concern is human trafficking In short human trafficking is the forced exploitation of individuals by those in position to exert power over them Ruth Deamley 2010 It is one of the most rapidly growing international criminal activities and the third largest source of pro t for organized crime following drugs and guns Poorer developing nations are typically the targets Katie Herren 2 of exploitation especially Asia Manoj Shalma Essentials of International Health 2010 There are approximately 24 million people trafficked and forced into labor worldwide and amongst these 600000800000 are across international borders One major problem with trafficking is the lack of understanding amongst those in power to stop it and the citizens of every nation Human trafficking is not the same thing as smuggling immigration asylum or prostitution Ruth Deamley 2010 The health effects of human trafficking are due to high risk situations dangerous consequences and health care barriers Many workers that are exploited by human trafficking suffer from physical sexual psychological and reproductive abuse Women and young girls are typically forced into the sex trade and made to use drugs and alcohol Zimmerman 2003 This puts them at high risk for STIs especially HIV AIDS pregnancy unsafe abortions and unhealthy coping mechanisms Manoj Sharma Essentials of Intemational Health 2010 Most women who are trafficked lack access to healthcare and know little about their own status of health Zimmerman 2003 Those who are trafficked also face a high risk of long term psychiatric problems This can include depression selfmutilation and personality disorders Without access to healthcare these people are left to self medicate themselves This downward spiral of high risk behaviors could lead to even more long term consequences One study broke down the stages of trafficking and focused on the problems that are faced at each stage The stages were and problems were Zimmerman 2003 Pre Departure at this stage women are faced with vulnerability factors single parent domestic violence etc for being trafficked N TravelTransit women are at high risk of confinement rape anxiety and self blame E Arrival at Destination women face violence and stress physically abused unsafe abortions gynecological problems constant intimidation Katie Herren 3 4 DetentionDeportationCriminal Evidence health needs still not addressed and suffer multiple stressors lack of trust in law enforcement government women at this stage are also interrogated for memory recall that may not be there do to anxiety in the in traveltransit stage V39 IntegrationReIntegration many women found that upon their return access to healthcare was too expensive and they typically lacked trust in con dentiality between doctor and patient Initiatives to prevent human trafficking are found in many signed protocols and from help with a multitude of NGOs In 2000 the United Nations created the Protocol to Prevent Suppress and Punish Traf cking in Persons The protocol was a victim centered approach that focused on training groupsindividuals to be able to notice the signs of traf cked persons It also called for better agency organization cooperation between the govemmentlaw enforcement and those organizations trying to help In 2005 a huge step was made in Europe through the Council of Europe Convention and its Action Against Traf cking in Human Beings This convention focused on Europe s dedication to cooperate together and prevent traf cking across the many borders Ruth Deamley 2010 The United States and European Union are also funding programs to create laws against traf cking and to train professionals There are also organizations that focus on implementing programs to assist those who were traf cked with safe return home and reintegration into their native country Manoj Shalma Essentials of International Health 2010
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