GREEK CULTURE CLAS 1000H
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Foster Morissette on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1000H at University of Georgia taught by Corrigan in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see /class/202160/clas-1000h-university-of-georgia in Classical culture at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
synoecism the creation of a polis with surrounding towns ethnos demosthe land and its various people but not a polis magistrate both judicial and executive powers archon leader archon eponymous name ruler g39 and t39 39 39 ruler I r archon basileus king ruler civic and religious duties plus some major judicial thesmothete 6 inferior archons judgeslawgiverschief magistrates hoi kakoi bad people hoi agathoi good people hoi polloi many people prytanis leader of the boule precedent called the boule and ekklesia into meeting each tribe39s rep lasted 110 of a year ekklesia general assembly all male citizens 18 judicial duties controlled by nobles thetes not admitted boule council of elders Areopagus boule of Athens where Orestes was tried for the murder of Clytemnestra exarchons basileus turned into basileis or collective rule of elite aristocracy then turned into just a title for all the archonsleadership oikistes leader appointed to start new colony othismos shoving match of 8 polites citizens in the polis no females foreigners freedmen perioikoipeople who lived outside the main city helots people who lost their land in war so worked for other people slaves kouroi in art nude boys inspired by Egypt one foot forward archaic halfsmile kourai clothed young girls Doric temples pediment triglyph metopes which have bas reliefs fluted columns Ionic temples columns have capitalabacus and volutes crowns pedimental sculpture and continuous frieze pythian games delphi apollo isthmian corinth poseidon namian namia zeus olympics 776 bce elegaic poetry about anything presently death in couplets iambic poetry like Shakespeare critical or erotic iambus entertaining song to Demeter and Dionysus sexual to give fertility to the earth melic poetry anything quotsongquot lyric archilochus not elitist shot my hot energy off alien to homer kleos ideals dropped his shield and ran semonides elitist woman bashing poem longest fragment before 5th cen sappho elitist only represented female poet ode to aphrodite epithalamia wedding songs for feast love of women from Lesbos either way ran school for girls locus amoenus peaceful place with trees grass water alcaeus male version of sappho wrote of love of young boys carpe diem theognis elitist dispossesed like alcaeus inspired Theognidea true theognis is addressed to Cyrnus or Polypaides gives moral advice honesty solon public affairs saw economic inequality could lead to rebellion poems were warnings to Athens got elected to archonship cancelled mortgages and foreclosures outlawed debt slavery pantakosiomedimnoi 500 medimnoi of producegrain elite eligible for treasurer tamias archonships etc hippeis cavalry 300 medimnoi eligible for archonships etc zeugitai 200 medimnoi hoplite eligible for lesser offices thetes under 200 medimnoi lowest class ineligible for office infantry heliaia apellate judicial body strategoi general in army one of pentakosiomedimnoi phylai tribe 10 tribes trittys 1 tribe 3 trittyes 1 from each demos coastal interior city 30 trittyes in total Cleisthene created above system changed boule from 400 to 500 50 from each tribe taxiarch leader of each tribe in army
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