New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Foster Morissette


Foster Morissette
GPA 3.55


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Classical culture

This 76 page Class Notes was uploaded by Foster Morissette on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 4040 at University of Georgia taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see /class/202169/clas-4040-university-of-georgia in Classical culture at University of Georgia.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/12/15
CLAS 40406040 lw Lysippos amp the Seeds of Hellenistic Sculpture Prof Naomi J Norman Hellenistic Culture How did Alexander amp Diadochoi change the rules Hellenistic Culture Advent of Alexander and Diadochoi resulted in new people KINGS to portray in sculpture New importance of PR propaganda image making in sculpture Expanded interest in symbolism and allegory Expanded interest in emotionalism and theatricality to communicate with heIenistes Lysippos Career 340 310 BCE Pliny flourui2 113th Olympiad Native of Sikyon central Greece Alexander s official portraitist Prolific 1500 coins in his box at time of his death Made Alexander come alive like a character in a drama Pollitt Kassander fears a statue of Alexander Azara herm of Alexander thought to reflect Lysippan portrait His aesthetic quotOther artists make men as they are lmake them as they appear n Pliny M I Types Athletes Portraits Herakles Gods His Zeus was the largest statue before Chares created the Colossos of Rhodes New system of proportions in his sculpture Said Polykleitos Doryphoros was his master Perhaps for what NOT to do quot J Compare Lysippos Apoxyornenos rt to the Doryphoros by Polykleitos If The new canon VS the 01d canon Apoxyomenos quotthe scraperquot Marble copy from Rome Now in the Vatican Museum Original bronze statue By Lysippos ca 34030 BCE Emperor Tiberius loved the statue so much he moved it from the Baths of Agrippa to his bedroom public sentiment demanded that he return it to the Baths Eros of Lysippos arlRoman Apoxyomenos copy of ca 34030 BCE bronze Portraits Granikos Monument Commemorated battle amp those who fell Alexander also dedicated on Athenian Akropolis 300 panoplies from Persian soldiers to commemorate the battle Dedicated at Sanctuary of Zeus at Dion in Macedonia 33020 BCE Zeus as patron of the war kleos Cost 25 T per horseman 65T Vs 3000 dr cost of most portraits Valorization amp memorializaton of the dead Sculpture as policy Bronze statuette of Alexander on horseback Roman copy from Herculaneum now in Naples museum Who exactly was represented in the group 25 equestrian statues Perhaps some infantrymen The enemy Valon39zation 0f the Dead Farnese Herakles Original Bronze erected in agora of Sikyon 35 m high Not preserved Copy Marble from Baths of Caracalla in Rome early 3rd century CE discovered in 1546 Now in Naples Archaeological Museum 2x life size Another copy has inscription saying it s a statue of Herakles Large scale reflection of Oriental influence Orjust dazzling He rested there Bearing tokens of his trials and thinking of his achievements Libanius a rhetorician Thi 39 a study in contrasts Typical of emotional expressionism This copy bears P signature of copyist Glykon of Athens V What is Herakles W holding Apples of the Hesperides How does that fact inform your reading of the sculpture 2 Seated Herakles Statues Colossal seated Herakles at Tarentum Seated on basket for Augean stables head on hand Herakles Epitrapezios Miniature owned by Alexander amp passed down through Diadochoi to Hannibal and then to Sulla Copy of Epitrapezios Herakles Epitrapezios Ca 1 ft high miniature statuette Described by Martial and Statius On rock covered by lion skin Herakles sits drinking Wine Fragments of a colossal version found in 1960 Alba Fucens What is the signi cance of the name Of the scale of the gure Gods Kairos Allegorical statue displayed in Sikyon Known from epigram by Poseidippos ca 270 BCE who says it was in the doorway 0n the porch Other sources say it held a scale and stood on a globe Epigram of Posidippos Who and whence was the sculptor From Sikyon And his name Lysippos And who are you Time Kairos who subdues all things Why do you stand on tiptoe I am ever running And why you have a pair of wings on your feet I y with the wind And why do you hold a razor in your right hand As a sign to men that I am sharper than any sharp edge And why does your hair hang over your face For him who meets me to take me by the forelock And why in Heaven 39s name is the back of your head bald Because none whom I have once raced by on my winged feet will now though he wishes it take hold of me from behind Why did the artist fashion you For your sake stranger and he set me up in the porch as a lesson Continuing Lysippan Tradition Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides Antioch city on Orontes river founded by Seleucus I who founded 16 Antiochs CLAS 40406040 M The Diadochoi The Successors Prof Naomi J Norman Death and Burial of Alexander Summer 323 Alexander returns to Babylon despite bad omens Drinks heavily at several banquets Fever quot Rumors of poison PseudoCallisthenes Sick for 10 days June 10 Alexander dies 33 years old Ruled for 12 years and 8 months Alexander had left Pella as a local Macedonian king but ended up in the heartland of Asia as a fabulously wealthy conquistador P Green 23 Problem of Succession No legitimate heir Roxane s baby not yet born she gives birth several weeks later and names the child Alexander IV Herakles son of mistress still an infant Halfbrother Arrhidaios ca 30 years old but mentally defective or epileptic Diodorus Account Gives ring to Perdikkas Leaves kingdom to the strongest kratistor Predicts contest between his generals the diadochor in his honor ie for command Like Achilles funeral contests for Patroklos The events of the half century after Alexander s death dictated the shape and nature of the Hellenistic world Delicate compromise nally reached among Diaa ochoz Antipater command in Macedonia with Krateros serving as prostates proxy of kings in Europe Ptolemy command in Egypt With Kleomenes as watchdog Lysimachus command in Thrace Leonnatus co e Phrygia 1 grquot I 02 395 3 3 n quot k H 39 i H 39 E mmand in Hellespontin I cr Antigonus oneeye command in Pamphylia Lycia Greater Phrygia amp told to conquer Cappadocia amp Pamph for Eumenes Seleukos made head of Companion cavalry Eastern satrapies undisturbed kept their Persian rulers Perdikkas command everywhere else guardian of two cokings who were sent to Babylon ruled as chiliarchos Dream of uni ed empire evaporates July 320 mtg at Triparadeisos Syria Gaza Tnumem Nara na Si i S G Y39P39T U 5 eThehe Triangulation of the Ernpire Macedonia Antipater amp his circle Egypt Ptolemy etc Asia Antigonus Seleukos amp their circles One by one the Argead claimants to the Macedonian empire throne are killed off with the last Alexander s sister Cleopatra killed in 308 BCE 306 BCE the remaining Diadochoi Antigonus Demetrius Ptolemy Lysimachus Seleukos and Kassander assume the purple and proclaim themselves kings Dawning of a new world kingship not claimed by inheritance but by personal prestigemerit Shape and nature of Hellenistic world coalesced around concept of king and kingdom and it took shape through activity of war sometimes leavened by diplomacy or marriage Id stater of Ptolemy Soter 300 BC 299297 BCE 249248 BCE 205204 BCE 159149 BCE What do these dates have in common War was ever present in kings minds while peace was merely a means of freeing up resources and regrouping Hellenistic Warfare Ancient accounts of warfare now come to emphasize Great numbers of soldiers present Size of the battlefield itself which sometimes covered entire mountains and valleys Thunderous clamor of troops fired up by generals War between kingdoms that did not share borders War within kingdoms over succession to throne as brothers and sisters fought each other War primary means of resolving conflict War was way of life begun by Alexander whose entire empire was spearwon Successor image themselves primarily as generals in soldier s dress sandals chlamys hat Call selves Soter Nikephoros etc Only two died of natural causes in their old age Persian treasury also financed development of Great armies supported by impressive supply networks and sophisticated militanj machinenj better fortifications Figure 6 Gastropheles pull in am halhound tower nge of unpum McNicoll CLAS 40406040 Rise of the Macedonian State amp Philip H Prof Naomi J Norman XIINUS 39 39 mwmx HJJM H Mw Wm M 39nnau W W m 39 W m veaw 39L 7 V 39WhlnsN w m gt WM lm w mme mmmu m mr mu war Huh 1ny or mum mm x u r um A mm Patyaasvuu mummus mm Mn 1 4 w mm D milulsu I 5mm mun 3W 1 ng Ham Peuus I 1 A r w P Paugnm y y y y y r I a m H u a on Na mm Wm M Yarmirsn Pava MA in Minn L nnna Ammarm Krvn mm 1 Arvnwusz 5 L M39Drphunnx I M m U 1 Mn S39Hl montr Gum mm gt EN N mm s I I p M Suwas WWW mmumn 06 V C H A L K 39 D K E Jew139 u VERGINA Kahnams quotquotu M AIGAH 3 quot Manf lim asi 9 Gulfnl39 Iermm ta 7 m 5 W u Q 5 m Mums k w K as 07 mums 67 Brrvrmml mum 0quot Nu Mamm mm ummm 39Pramman n as Dnmul avg Py39gim L mmm 0w39 39 n E vamm v assau39u Am r WW r n mm mm P Macedonia Philip I 59 Be hes Tray Ilium GO cnwhmmmw m Fllrygia PERSIAN EMPIRE Lydia Macedonia Before Philip Macedonia link between Balkans amp Greece Occupied by 6000 BCE Central fertile plain High mountains in upper Macedonia Horses cattle sheep wine timber amp silver Primarily village dwellers Prominent poleis in Lower Macedonia eg Pella Mainly shepherds farmers foresters Relations with Greece Contact with Greece via Vale of Tempe Spoke dialect of Greek Not consider Greek by the Greeks Alexander I 495 45040 BCE Won right to compete at Olympic Games Sedes r 4 essalomkqg sq SAMOTHR CE quot M d t o LanEsa THESSALY Ks diua la lokaslm Famous The Greek World with Archaeological Sites Ancient Macedon39 momzwzas a 2n m an m snmv Muss Rhoda R a RHODES a 3 Linda SumWmyanr Governance Governance Monarchical government persists in Macedonia Defence against hostile neighboring tribes Monarchies centered at Orestis Lyncestris and Aegae became dominant Monarch s roles Religious head of state traditional laws absolute power owned all metal deposits Rule usually inherited by son subject to approval of rest of Council of Elders and army Macedonian Royal Family Zeus Here kles Temenos Deiphontes it Hyrnetho Argives Aegeid monarchy Pediccas Monarchs at Aegae Perdiccas 1 ca 640 BCE Alexander I 495450 Archelaus 413399 Perdiccas III 3 6535 9 Philip 11 359336 Alexander 11 336323 Aegeid Highlights Perdiccas I captured Macedonian plain and moved capital to Aegae Alexander I competed at Olympic Games Philip H unifies Macedonia and creates professional army Alexander I Alexander the Great conquers Persia amp spreads Greek culture throughout much of known world Death of Perdiccas Philip ll Killed by lllyrians 359 BCE Son Amyntas was still a child Philip H became regent for Amyntas Philip hostage at Thebes 3697 364 BCE Two major threats during Philip s regency Foreign invasion Claimants supported by foreign powers Rise of Philip ll u gwnygr i Trg vailo39 39 I I grlkzrzes 5901110 l 1 Dardqm m M Ed0 r H39 m5 7 I I I E P Hoch J x 4 Iran gt armeg Tu r 39 397 39ilmface i ioma J Pm 1 39 39lf39Edes a39 3 u E Wealthy citizen savvy diplomat and ruthless military innovator 359 BCE Buys off Paeonians Defeats the pretenders Eg Argaeus who was supported by Athenian fleet Philip released Athenians Philip renounced Claims to Amphipolis Rise of Philip ll amp The Army IONIAN SEA islorical Ethnic Macedonia SGVTHIA r Macedonia under control 01 Philip II 359 BC 7 lndepzndenl M a 39 n Tribes WW Gmece and ed Maced d lllyria and lily Maxed and iThmce a d Th 04 p a Macedonian 1w TRISM M r Epirus A Ma 1 scym BLACK SEA Mingus fume r 3 4 4 M vs Wm 39 and quot i3 quot W a QR s f A l wmmne Williams Qty1 L Li Da pll 51 New quot VFChi r 7 gamma12 a 53 7 W33 cm i 3 as QCZAEww Troy Ilium 1 0 0 F V copyright hlstmyulnucedomamrg i J Phrygia 3598 BCE remodels amp trains the army to defeat yrians militarily Uses army to consolidate kingdom Introduces new weapons Creates a professional army loyal to him Rise of Philip II the Army Creates a quotprofessional army with national spirit amp loyalty to him Always under arms and in training Center of army 4000 Hetairoi Of Macedonian racial descent full citizens seated in the Assembly New weapon 16foot sarissa ln 6 years doubled and then tripled size of army Used army to enlarge kingdom to W amp E either through battle or threat of battle Fought in the m a 1 a h p a S S H a S Sa ssa 16 foot pike I 391 r igz i 51 l I 1 L 71 e r Ol t 39 quot l xquot fit 1 1 07w 39 a v a A I v i y ix quot 9 f 5 3 1 I l K a V f 5wa 173 w 1 my gait 77 39f x A x 2 7 3 I w r v w 3 2 15 g2 I 3 I z 3 V 7 N maz quot t 4 2quot a r l lyi39 i 9 quot 5Vg fif fyr 39 39 1 I s Q39 e V quotxkl v J k t 1 A 1 L 10 I amwiv 39yiirwi r 7 in h I b 39 39 l 39 0 v V D 39h 11 U V 39 397quot 39 391 4 v Iquot 7 le Hill4 1 a bl 312 3quot f VTquot 1 Fig 3 Reconstruction of the Macedonian phalanx armed with the famous sarissa a heavy lance resembling the medieval Swiss pike Drawn after P Levi Atlas ofthe Greek World 1980 Function of phalanx was to keep the front of the foe in play While the cavalry in wedgelike squadrons rode into the anks Rise of Philip ll Historical Ethnic Macedonia stme r tV E n I a n g d O m Macedonia under control 01 Philip II 359 BC Independent Macedonian Tribes 13223tt2trdlt1quota 7 Transplants cities from b 2 Lower to Upper Macedonia quotquot2ch Introduce agriculture to 39 a Upper Macedonia in place of quot1 transhumant pastoralism usqu a LfS 7 jut Moves E Into Thrace for l EPIRUS 75 4 5 sumac 3924 Troy Ilium PM M my39 45 calm l PERSIAN W fumis qj a Ea Mt Pangaeus on E frontier 3 wmm i mquot Thasian miners settled near mm Ctr 2 ecui Crenides m w Renames settlement at Crenides Philippi Gold mines 1000 Tyear Gold enables Philip to get mercenary army and to buy off politicians in Greece GRIA ES 75M RlAL A A547 L A E A E I z quot 225392PunriV A1499 I 551 Klusundili As RAEA I g SES39BERug SINr v D ms 6 3 Ii 7 Ink EA Haste PARORP m AMEz 39 39Akhladhokholi r z 2520 gum 4 A 390RE A2639 4637 c H A 0 0 27 Frontier n Phiiip39 Maizedonin 7 E I x Gnldnrsilwm nu T I A 0 In 40 60 amMPHAEA 191a 39 v 39 1 Mao 20 40mm 2n 2 Us A 39 Heightin metres Fig 2 Macedonia s neighbours gold and silver mines and Philip II s kingdom Theopompos on Philip As shepherds move their flocks now to winter now to summer pastures so he transplanted populations and cities at his own discretion wherever he thought that places should be replenished or abandonedSome populations he placed on the very frontiers opposite his enemies others he settled in the furthest parts of the kingdom and some peoples whom he had captured in war were divided up and sent to supplement the populations of the cities And so it was that he created out of many tribes and races one kingdom and one people Philip 356338 BCE 356 beseiged Potideia Sacred War 354 beseiged Methone loses right eye 349 attacks Olynthos and razes it 338 Battle of Chaironeia Chaeronea Philip becomes undisputed master of Greece Establishes garrisons at Corinth Thebes Ambracia amp Chalcis Before Philip 359 BCE During Philip 348 BCE 39 Hislnrica Ethnic Mamdania Historical Ethnic Macadamia Macedonia and it39s conquesls 348 BC Macedonia under control of Philip ll 359 BC an Trith lndependenl Ma 4 Snack and Greek coupled Macedonian land lllyria lllyria and lllwian Dcupiad Manadnnian land 7 I M 7 wane quot i 39139 39 r Epirus gtMawdonian ally Scymla BLACK SEA DARDANIA Hellaspont A Phrygia cmcmic J vailhum Troy unum H t A AEGEAN SEA Cquot PERSIAN PERSIAN Ambracia m G a E E c quot EMP39RE A M G R EMPIRE r u mbrama r n Q mm x Themapykn M b 1 kg Mmmnea 5 S ltwgt3 Lydla H 113 c b k l manna 5 u a C 15 L dia ii a v y Wk man quot5 M k air Q2 sinus Q f mm 43 a in a cm quotW mg K lt57 M f j Viv 3 06 in Hf 8 513 h cumngmnistoryumuceaonlamg 414 copyiigm hismryuhmvedon iaorg 356 BCE Philip assumes kingship from Amyntas amp begins to consolidate kingdom which is accomplished by 338 at the Battle of Chaironeia After Philip 336 BCE g Historical Ethnil Manadunia Macedonian Empire at Philip39s death 336 30 i Unconquared Greek tarime Epirus Macedonian ally Haila spout PI in Troy Ilium mg PERSIAN EMPIRE Caria 06 copyrighthimrymmmmamg K 3 Philip amp Greece Summer 337 BCE Conference at Corinth Philip becomes hegemon of the Council Declares war on Persia 336 BCE expeditionary force crosses Hellespont to begin operations in Asia 336 BCE affair with Cleopatra angers Olympias and Alexander who are both in lllyria Autumn 336 BCE Philip assassinated Philip Created a large national army Acquired vast territory Lord of most of seaboard of the North Established hegemony over Greece Goal to lead Panhellenic expedition against Persia Ruled using a combination of money military strength and diplomacy CLAS 40406040 37 I Assimilation Accommodation amp Acculturation at the Edge of the Oikoumene Ai Khanoun Prof Naomi J Norman At junction between Bactrian territory and nomad territories to the N with access to Chinese empire on the Silk Road


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.