CLASSICAL MYTHOLOGY CLAS 1020
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This 69 page Class Notes was uploaded by Foster Morissette on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1020 at University of Georgia taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see /class/202170/clas-1020-university-of-georgia in Classical culture at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Homer s Odyssey Left Rembrandt Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer Right The Louvre Homer The text of Homer 15th century edition of Homer rst printed Manuscripts of Homer A papyrus scrap from the Odyssey 200 BCE Papyrus roll of the Iliad Note that the text is read by unrolling with one hand and re rolling with the other Mediterranean world wquot W 7mm fDITKRKAN W sax ITE clquot 0 KRANUAU EA Ithaka home of Odysseus Penelope and Telemachus Note 100m in background Odysseus and Nausikaa Elpenor and Odysseus Odysseus consulting the spirit of Teiresias Odysseus Blinding Polyphemus Escape from Polyphemus Circe s house Song of the Sirens A slightly different version of Odysseus experience Odysseus and Eurykleia Return of Odysseus Odysseus and Penelope The loyal servants and Telemachus look on while Odysseus greets his wife Note her downturned gaze Test of bow and Slaughter 0f the suitors w A Apollo Son of Zeus and Leto twin brother of Artemis Important cult sites Delos and Delphi See HH to Apollo Always represented as a young man Delos then and now left birthplace of Apollo Delphi 0 Panhellenic oracle center 0 Pythian Apollo priestess is known as the Pythia 0 Killing of Python Delphi and Puri cation Orestesright and Heracles left 39a l lint lA DelphiArtist s reconstruction 39 DER HIEI39LIGE BE nucKVON soousrm quotTWA DELPHI Ammum Munuml Monumlnl c m Amadlns SEIMMFMLDMMM araha4 Mummenl mm Avgai MM mmm al W 11mm TWIUWS W hamr nl smas Treaswvm Wham Tmswy M M New Treamyat mama mam at we Cndms Cami We Rock at WES w Comm 0 ma NE mm mm mm new B W 12 13 14 SW 1le Amman Maury nvucnmlm rmsw ul Cm Prvlaraa39 59pm mm a ame Chamla h Rm ans 39nnudsnl mnzn mru Mar II We cm Amwewmmml mm Am Moment n1 Wm Pauuus Demmn or Cm ms Them Muu wlnl nl Dmhnx Sammy n1 Nwmnhmns 5U 39h Alla uxl Lame a We Cmdani Another Heracles and Apollo From the treasury of the Siphnians Delphi Archer god 0 Bow and arrow but not 7 a hunterplague god Also a god of healing father ofAsclepius Often twin sanctuaries Homer Iliad Book 1 Thus did he pray and Apollo heard his prayer He came down furious from the summits of Olympus with his bow and his quiver upon his shoulder and the arrows rattled on his back with the rage that trembled within him He sat himself down away from the ships with a face as dark as night and his silver bow rang death as he shot his arrow in the midst of them First he smote their mules and their hounds but presently he aimed his shafts at the people themselves and all day long the pyres of the dead were burning Mousagetes 0 Leader of the Muses lt O d 50 V 3 1 a 73 0 3 1 gt36 q 0 Apollo at Delphi FNOQI EEA TTON DOESN T Mean these things Knew ybur sel f v Cleatly de ne your goals before the 39 ervicw o What can t you 1m wimom in a position My mm W gnaw m r y Vsalaryvs vmm larg 5m vcu ture afar m But it does mean this MHAEN AIAN Recognize human limitation 0 Don t transgress them 0 Apollo orders the aying of Marsyas the satyr Artemis Diana Mistress of animals polm39a theron alternatively playful and deadly goddess of hunt artists represent her dressed as a young girl with short robe girl s hairstyle down not up and bow with quiver and arrows with animal Moderating chastity As huntress her purity goes back to the anxiety over killing concern for balance 0 But purity is an extreme so excessive devotion to Artemis can be trouble Hippolytus rejecting the advances of his stepmother Phaedra gtgt Note his Artemislike dress Goddess of transitions Goddess of transition of girl to woman Cult of Brauron Girls dedicated to Artemis as little bears arktoi return as marriageable women ready to dedicate their toys to Artemis Artemis at Brauron Artemis leading a procession of bears left and dancing bears from a commemorative 7 cup right Aphrodite Venus NonOlympian Olympian Born from the severed genitals of Ouranos aphros foam Comes ashore on the island of Cyprus important cult center Also known as the Cyprian goddess Sandro Botticelli Birth of Venus gtgt Hesiod T heogony Birth of Aphrodite Gods and men call her Aphrodite because she was formed in foam Eros and fair desire accompanied her as she went to join the family of the gods Abstraction and goddess Aphrodizein have sex Archilochus refers to intercourse as the divine act And along with her fawning dashed gray wolves and lions with gleaming eyes and bears and swift leopards always hungry for deer And when she saw them she was delighted in her ehart and placed longing in their breasts so they lay together in pairs along the shady glens H0meric Hymn to Aphrodite Storm of Passion Always threatens to disrupt by the presence of her erotic power Out of place in Iliad as she attempts to go into battle and is wounded by Diomedes 5m afVemS by Raphael Cypris you are no god but something more The separateness of Aphrodite and her power over all the gods is justi ed in part by her birth pre Olympian of also eras at the beginning of creation Zeus Visits Danae mother of Perseus gt Roman Venus As mother of Aeneas she is also the founding goddess of Rome Venus GenetriX ancestress of the Julian clan Lucretius On the Nature of Things Book 1 Mother of Rome delight of Gods and men Dear Venus that beneath the gliding stars Makest to teem the manyvoyaged main And fruitful lands for all of living things Through thee alone are evermore conceived Through thee are risen to Visit the great sun Before thee Goddess and thy coming on Flee stormy wind and massy cloud away For thee the daedal Earth bears scented owers For thee waters of the unvexed deep Smile and the hollows of the serene sky Glow with diffused radiance for thee Hermes Mercury 0 Son of Zeus and Maia Name refers to a heap of stones Phallic attributes show him as a god that bears the message of Zeus power both on the road and at home Walter Burkert Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual Herm a rather dignified usually 39 bearded head on a fourcornered pillar and in due place an unmistakable realistically molded erect phallus More from Burkert on herms There are species of monkeys living in groups of whom the makes act as guards they sit up at the outposts facing outside and presenting their erect genital organ The basic function of sexual activity is suspended for the purpose of communication It is not the only phallic sign that belongs to Hermes but also the pile of stones Piling up stones is an elementary way of leaving marks The powerof the stones is neither in the phallus nor in the stone they are signs conveying a message of potency In mythical terms Hermes is just the messenger of Zeus Messenger of the gods transgressor of boundaries god of thieves Hermes Orpheus and Eurydice Psychopomp Psyche soul 0 Pompos lt pempein send dispatch Inventor god Inventor of re re kindling sacri ce cosmogony Demeter Ceres Agriculture goddess her fertility is the same as agricultural fertility Mesopotamian goddess variously known as Ishtar Inanna Astarte Phrygian Cybele quotMagna Mater or quotGreat Mother Egyptian Isis quotGreat Goddess T0 theO the two goddesses Demeter and Persephone Thesmophoria womens fertility festival Aristophanes T hesmophoriazusae Rape of Persephone Kore vs dread Persephone Ambivalence of marriage Return of Persephone Persephone returning from the underworld Eleusinian Mysteries 5 showed them the celebmtlon of holy mes ahd explalnedto all The f o o s ever on e as s eh these 15 blessed but he who has no part lh the holy mes has another lot as he wastes away lh dank darlmess Homerlc Hymn to Demeter 4737479 The Telesterion Looking to west across the Telesterion towards the hill behind the sanctuary Steps can be observed around the hall Telesteri0nlt tele rites Eleusis Telesterion from above Eleusis site plan W i Sanctuary and modern 0 Dionysus Bacchus Son Of39Zeus and Semele Attributes of Dionysus god of Wine extraordinary consciousness leader of revels D covered with Vines and accompanied by Satyrs MaenadsBacchantes Maenads with ivy crown thyrsus hair down anxiety about female sexuality always almost out of hand Advent god 0 myths of resistance beginning with birth storynot historical but social myth of disintegration and reintegration Festival god City Dionysia Rural Dionysia Anthesteria Lenaea Dmnysus as drunken eveuer at me Anmestena Theater of Dionysus Athens The theater as it looked in the first century CE Hephaestus Vulcan Outsider god lame partisan of Hera born by parthenogenesis Return of Hephaestus In anger Zeus ung him out of Olympus His return is a favorite subject of painters Note his lame foot Divine Blacksmith Thetis requests a shield 0 chilles A A EMEWETIU Divine cuckold The gods look on as the craft of H triumphs over the adultery of Ares and Aphrodite Ares Mars Son of quarreling couple Zeus and Hera God of war Detested by gods echthistos de moi essi theon hoi Olumpon echei Iliad 5890
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