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by: Estelle Prosacco


Estelle Prosacco
GPA 3.84


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Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estelle Prosacco on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 4510 at University of Georgia taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see /class/202255/pols-4510-university-of-georgia in Political Science at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 09/12/15
Structure of the test The nal exam will be held on Wednesday7 May 4 from 1200 300 in Baldwin 305 It is worth 20 points for the nal grade There will also be a bonus short answer question worth 1 point that you may answer if you attended Gary King7s presentation on March 4 You will have three hours to complete the test7 though I have designed it such that many people will nish in fewer than 60 minutes Point values are 12 pts Twelve short answer questions 1 pt Bonus short answer question on Gary King7s presentation 8 pts One essay question Short Answer Questions Each short answer question will evaluate your ability to ful ll a single objective from class Some questions will present information or a hypothetical situation and ask you to respond Others will simply ask you to recall or explain a concept detailed in an objective You may have to apply a formula to real numbers7 so you may bring a calculator to assist in the arithmetic Here are three example questions and the objectives they are designed to evaluate o A researcher believes that an individual7s ideology in uences his or her preferences on military spending However7 the researcher believes that this effect is stronger among better educated people than it is among less educated people ls education a mediator or moderator variable Why Objective Differentiate intervening mediator and interacting moderator variables 0 The Pearson correlation between public opinion ideology and policy ideology in the fty states is r 08736 What percentage of variance in policy ideology could you explain by knowing public opinion ideology How do you know this Objective Calculate and interpret Pearson7s r and r2 0 Describe brie y how the steps of Receive77 and Accept77 work in Zaller7s Receive Accept Sample model of public opinion Objective Describe the main theories of individual attitude change Essay Question The essay question will present you with new information and ask you to write an ar gumentative response The essay question will focus on objectives that call for class participants to think7 in addition to recalling information Speci cally7 the essay ques tion will be designed to test your ability to complete the objectives listed below You should be able to o Appropriately choose control variables in data analysis 0 Compute a control table The Relationship Between Level of Education and Political Participation Raven Covington Adam Frederico POLS 4510 Public Opinion and American Democracy Professor J Monogan 29 April 2011 Abstract Individuals ideologies tend to vary greatly throughout the United States From progressive liberal to moderate independents to conservative attitudes our countries stance is one that is divided at many times yet is more united then a majority of the worlds superpowers The ideological stance that an individual takes may be described in terms of social and economic policy The position that an individual takes on social and economic policy issues may differ in their position on the political spectrum In order to better understand the ideological demographics of America we must rst understand how different issues may cause a person to view the economic and social issues differently on the political spectrum For example an individual may be left on social issues but right on fiscal matters As a country of many divided and secular views we must understand why certain individuals take speci c stances on certain issues A factor that has a strong in uence on individual s stance is education If a person has obtained a degree at a higher level of education such as bachelors degree or master s degree then that person is more likely to be politically active then a person who has no college education The professional class more education which is relatively evenly divided among Democrats and Republicans is among the most politically active while those in the lower class the working poor and underclass commonly abstain from taking part in the political process The working class less educated has become politically less active As a result the American electorate is considerably more affluent and educated than the general population Education has also been known to increase a person s chances of being liberal and of him or her voting Republican Studying the correlation between education and political ideology teaches us how societal attributes distinguish the different political groups of America In order to better understand the decisions of a politically diverse nation we must understand why education has such a strong in uence on individual s party affiliation Introduction One of the largest factors in in uencing Americans partisanship in politics is education When referring to political parties activity can take place in many forms The most notable form of political participation is voting in elections and joining a political party One aspect of the right to political participation merits special attention its status as a political right Political participation is restricted to citizens Whereas other constitutional rights recognize the promise to inhere human rights political participation is limited to people endowed with the status of citizen The right to vote has several distinguishing characteristics As noted above it s a political right that presupposes a political community with individual members and with an organizational form It is clear the right to political participation does not exist as a human right but only in the context of political institutions of citizenship and government Although it is a right to vote and participate in politics not everyone does Those that do vote seem to have a distinguishing quality that separates them from those that don t which is education Are those with greater amounts of education more active in the political world Do individuals who have not obtained a high school diploma even turn out Throughout this research we will explore the different levels of education from no high school diploma to post graduate degrees We will analyze the data obtained and try to nd the correlation between education and political participation Why do people participate in politics What is it that that motivates them to get out and vote Political rights exist in the context of governments and governments exist in the context of societies The right to political participation in an informationrich society has helped contribute to voter turnout The production of mass media through the World Wide Web has made politics somewhat easier for Americans go understand and follow As the US adapts to the information age questions of human rights in the contemporary informationrich US society are still relevant in the Us Political participation consists of seeking to take part in public affairs on information The readiness of such websites like Yahoo MSNBC and CNN has motivated many Americans to take an active role in politics Some examples might include citizens seeking to in uence taX policies regulation of online content or setting of privacy protections In order for citizens to take action in government they can do a number of several items Vote sign petitions protest etc The information society is governed by the familiar institutions of national governments in which citizens have a right to participate in the conduct of public affairs Theory Education has consistently been found to increase political participation electoral turnout civic engagement political knowledge and democratic attitudes and opinions The civic education hypothesis is rooted in the belief that education provides both the skills necessary to become politically engaged and the knowledge to understand and accept democratic principles Schooling provides welleducated people with the skills needed to understand and abstract the subject of politics follow political campaigns and research and evaluate the issues and 139 J W 11 J J39 J39 39J 39 are also able to handle bureaucratic requirements of registration and voting Additional years of education can equip citizens with political information that further eases the costs of political engagement Higher education helps citizens to understand the relationship between political action and the preservation of a democratic system Education expands the capacity of citizens to engage in selfrule by teaching them the


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