INTRO ANTHROPOLOGY ANTH 1102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vivienne Schimmel on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1102 at University of Georgia taught by Thompson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/202333/anth-1102-university-of-georgia in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Whai i9 Anlhropology 0 The 9udy of humankind everywhere hroughou ime 0 Seekg knowledge abou wha makeg people diiCFeren r and abou wha ihey all have in common Whai do Anihropologigig do 0 Biological organigmg 0 Evoluionary variaion 0 Culiural variaion How do Anihropologigig work 0 Scienii c mehod 0 Fieldwork Fieldg of Anihropology and Holigm 0 phygical Anihropology 0 Archaeology 0 Lingui9ic Anihropology 0 Culural Anihropology phygical Anihropology 0 Biological Anhropology 0 Evoluiion and Human Variaion 0 Analyze foggilg and living primaieg Culiural Anhropology 0 Cugiomary paHerng in human behavior hough and feeling 0 Humane a9 culureproducing and culurereproducing creaure9 0 Eihnography Speci c Culiure 0 Eihnology Croce Culiure Archaeology 0 Maierial remaing and human behavior 0 Toolg po n ery and oher eaiureg Linguiglic Anihropology 0 Siudieg human languageg gt Degcripiion of a language gt Higiory of languageg gt Social ceiling The work of Anihropologigig 0 Culiural Relaiivigm No Judging of oiher culiureg in he eyeg of anoher culure ie horge burger or he eaing of dogg from a we9ern culure giandpoini 0 Eihnology and eihnography 0 pariicipani obgervaiion Anihropology39g Comparalive Meihod 0 Ugeg ihe meihodg of oiher 9cieni99 by developing hypohe9e9 and arriving a heorie9 0 Anihropologigig make comparigong be rween peopleg and culure9 pa9 and present relaed gpecieg and Tocgil groupg The Hard Work of Anhropologi99 0 Objeciiviiy 0 Validiiy 0 Eihnocenirigm 0 Emic and e ric gt Emic View of he culure from he incide viewpoin from wihin gt Eiic Viewpoin from he ou9ide of he culure Quegiiong of Eihicg 0 Anhropologi99 have obligaion9 o gt Thoge whom hey giudy gt Those who fund he research gt Those in ihe profeggion uho expec a 9udy o be published 90 ha hey can further he research in ihe eld gt Eihical obligalion o he public and he communiy a large he fax payerg general knowledge De ne Applied Anihropology 0 Whai i9 Applied Anthropology 0 praciicing Anhropologi99 gtAmerican Anhropology Aggociaiion Applied Anihropology The use of Anhropology in ihe real world Who do we work for 0 NGOS lnongovernmen organizaion9l 0 Tribal and e rhnic aggociaiiongz documen all of ribal hi9oric recourceg 0 Governmen rg 0 Developmenial agencieg quotApplied anlhropology i9 lhe applicafion of anihological knowledge o he real world and 0 eolve real world problemgquot All our eldgz 0 Biological public healih nuriion gubgiance abuge geneic9 ec 0 Archaeology public Anihropology Culiural recource management roadg miliary bageg hi9oric pregervaiion 0 Culiural Culiural conex of digeageg Social gide of he challengeg faced in everyday life 0 Lingui9icz pregerving heriage and languageg 39 thpwww publicarchaeologyorg Florida public Archaeology Neiwork 0 Educaie and help preserve muff The Role 0 Eihnocenirigm 0 ldeniify Local Needgz Help people make heir liveg beHer in fermg of educaion and accegg o healh care 0 Working wih Localg Li9en 0 The localg Who will if affect 0 proecion Speak up for he digenTranchiged Anihropologigig become advocaieg Tor he people public De niiiong of Culiure Whai i9 Culiure 0 E Tylor Said ha culure i9 he complex whole ha includeg ar rg cu9om9 capabiliiieg and habi9 acquired by humane derived from paricipaing in gocieiy Anyihing ha humane due can all info he caegory 0 quotCuliure wag he heme for all anihropology i wag wha unied anihropologigigquot 0 Enculuraion he procecg in which a pergon learng hi9 or her own culure 0 Accepting and re J39eciing changeg how culure changeg Culiure 0 Culiure i9 Learned l i9 mogily unique o humang ll i9 algo he accumulaion of knowledge abou experienceg informaiion and i9 no only perceived by an individual bu i9 conveyed by gymbolg procegg of inernalizing one39g own culure Culiure i9 gymbolic Symbolg are gigng ha don39 have o have neceggary connec rion o wha i i9 gymbolizing gt C Geer rz Famoug 20h cenury Anihropologigt Focuged in he idea of culure being gymbolic De neg culure a9 quotldeag a9 culural learning hrough gymbolgquot quotCuliure i9 learned hrough direc in9rucion and obgervaiion provideg congciougnecg and uncongciougnecg meang of culural knowledgequot ie inernalizing culure uncongciougly pacoed away in 2006 gt quotpgychic uniiy of manquot 0 Culure i9 shared Culiure i9 no he ah ribuie of an individual Shared by individualg in a group gt Groupg gt Social Trangmicgion Tendg o unify people by providing common experienceg Helpg de ne people and being par r of a group 0 Culiure i9 gymbolic gt Verbal and nonverbal Human gymbole are ugually lingui9ic bu no alwayg gt Oiher primaieg Oiher primae9 demon9rae rudimenary use of gymbolg bu do no have he capaciiy a9 humane do They do have he abiliiy o communicae and procegg Culure and Naiure 0 Human naure Malleable and adaptable Typically ihingg ouch a9 are human inheriable raional or irraional eic Whai i9 raional and irraional are dependen on culiural radiion3 0 quotThe llaural39 Example Ayem Rock Culiure lncludeg all agpec rg of human life 0 Culiure i9 All Encompacging 0 Culiure i9 lnegraed paieni gygiem changeg in one dimengion of culure changeg culure in anoiher Civil righ9 movemen made dramaic changeg in gociely begideg equal righig 0 Adaptive Humane rely on gocial and culural adaplaiion lnvenion of gpecmcleeeyeglaggeg i9 a par r of culural adaplaiion 0 Maladapiive CAN confer shorHerm bene ig Confers a digadvanfage Selfdegiruciive Culfure and he Individual 0 Culure i9 cone9ed 0 deal Culiure Normaiive view of hing9 Everyone obeyg 0 Real Culiure Noi everyone obeyg 0 public and Individual dimengiong Culfure i9 pracice 0 Agency 39 Archaeology 0 quotli39g no wha you nd ii39g wha you nd ouquot 0 Archaeologigig are inere9ed in human procegg and behavior 0 Maierial Culure Everyihing humane creae gt poHery Earliegi poh ery in North America comeg from he Savannah River Valley gt Ar rifaci An objeci denoedu9ed by humane gt Feaure92 Ar rifacig ha weren39 mean o be moved Buildingg are referred o a9 compogiie Teaiureg gt Superpogiiion Overlapping of hougeg uged o deermine which houge i9 older Law of Superpogiiion all hing9 are equal EX The boHom will have wo lineg Through ime lhe wo lineg may become more complex degigng Siyleg change hrough ime 0 Chronology i9 imporan or anihropologigig 0 Index Focgil Defermineg he ime gequence Allowg conrol of Chronology 0 Relaiive Daiing Where you can stay which ar rifaci came before anoiher ar rifacf 0 Abgoluie Daiing precige daing of ar rifacig gt Radiocarbon Daling Calendar daing Speci c and exac How doeg RadioCarbon Daiing work 0 Radiocarbon i9 in he aimogphere 0 planig abgorb radiocarbon herbivoreg ea he plan9 and abgorbg he radiocarbon carnivoreg ea he herbivoreg and abgorb he radiocarbon 0 Halflife caugeg radiocarbon o decay 5000 yearg or go rae of decay 0 There are limiaion9 of radiocarbon daing gt Canno dae recen evenigar rifacig gt 40000 yearg ago wag he limi o be daed How do Archaeologigig know where lo dig 0 Soil e99 0 Old mapg and hi9oric recordg 0 Deduc rive reagoningenvironmenfal Teaiureg 0 Remofe genging 0 Ground penefraiing radar gt Meagureg he re eciion and ime or waveg o ravel gt T here i9 a change in ihe coil he ime i ake9 or he wave o ravel changeg gt Defecig phygical changeg in he coil 0 Archaeological curvey gt Go ou and ac rively look or giieg gygiemaiically Univergiiy of Chicago l950 wag when Radiocarbon Daiing glar red Me rhodg in Archaeology 0 Maierial remaing 0 paleoanihropology 0 Bioardnaeology Whai do we wani o know 0 Daily liveg of people Acfg and behaviorg of he people more inere9ed in he procecg hO lJUSl ihe elie everyday pergon 0 Human behavior Human exprecgion 0 Culiural evoluion Large gcale view of culural anihropology lnheriance of inequaliiieg ciie9 and 9ae9 0 lnferenceg pagi in ermg of human inferences Diachronic Syndnronic Archeolingo 0 Arfifaci 0 Siie A grouping of an ifac rg or eaiureg on a landgcape 0 Feaiure an ar rilaci produced ha i9 no guppoged o move ie hougeg 0 Acgemblage All ar rifacig and eaiureg ha archaeologi99 have excavaed and are acgociaied ogeher 0 principle of guperpogiiion Oldegf hing9 are on he boh om newegi ihingg are on op o Siraiigraphy Differeni layering of coil in excavaion giiegg Archaeologigig uge hig o deiermine how hing9 change in a par ricular landgcape 0 Serraiion How ar rifaci giyleg dnange over ime Me rhodg or Daiing Remaing 0 Relaiive Daiing deermineg he age of objecig relaive o one anoher 0 Chronome rric Daiing de rermineg he abgoluie age of an objeci STUDY RADIOCARBON DATING Mikea Eihnoarchaeology quotTrashquot 0 Maierial Remaing Shovel Teal pile STD 0 Shoveldug ugually 50 cm in diame rer 0 page coil hrough gcreen by 9raum Aerial phoography 0 Can make ou large giieg or ruing 0 Long hi9ory in archaeology Daieg back o l9309 0 Some giieg known or a long ime are ac rually larger han anicipaed due o aerial phoography Anihrogol Liferally meang humanmade goil
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