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by: Vivienne Schimmel


Vivienne Schimmel
GPA 3.65


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Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vivienne Schimmel on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3040 at University of Georgia taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see /class/202354/anth-3040-university-of-georgia in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Georgia.

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr




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Date Created: 09/12/15
Development of Evolutionary Theory Early thoughts change was impossible things were static Scientific Revolution change is possible driving factor of diversity Nonconducive thoughts to evolution Aristotle 384322 BC 0 llGreat Chain of Beingquot 0 Static levels of biology trees birds animals humans all separate categories 0 Essentialism Fixity of Species and Stasis 0 Species could not change 0 Variation was unimportant Young Earth 0 James Ussher 1636 0 Calculated creation of Earch to 4004 BC From astronomy and physics Copernicus 14731543 0 Heliocentric universe sun is center of universe not the Earth Galileo 15641642 0 Telescope emphasis on observation 0 Proved through calculations that sun was center of universe 0 Persecuted for his discoveries Newton 16421727 0 Mechanistic laws of nature 0 Regularity of certain things sun risingsetting seasons planets llThe earth is not a static entity at the center of creation but a dynamic planet in a vast and changing universe subject to comprehensive natural lawsquot From Geology Steno 16381686 0 Stratigraphy and the principle of stratigraphic superposition 0 Natural events over time affect layers of sediment 0 Can examine change over time by looking at strata Hutton 17261797 and Lye 17971875 0 Concept of uniformitarianism o The same natural laws and events that govern the Earth have always been the same across time and space llRocks contain a dynamic history of Earthquot Charles Lyell 17971875 0 Scottish geologist o Founder of modern geology I Principles of Geology 0 Uniformitarianism 0 Old Earth I llGeologic Time I Millionsbillions of years old Mary Anning 17991847 0 English Paleontologist and llfossil hunter 0 Collected and sold fossils o Unrecognized contributions From Biology Leonardo Da Vinci 14521519 and Vesalius 15141564 0 Study the human body by dissecting cadavers rather than just relying on the ancient works of Galen 129200 AD Carolus Linnaeus 17071778 0 Swedish naturalist o System01 Naturae 1735 Classification system of plants and animals Taxonomy Binomial nomenclature I Static Comte de Buffon 17071788 0 French naturalist 0 Natural History 1749 I Change in species I EnvironmentAdaptation o Believes species can change somewhat extinction but not change into new species Erasmus Darwin 17311802 0 Grandfather of Charles Darwin 0 Physician and naturalist o Zoonomia I Evolutionary change I A biology text in poetic verse I Talks of the ocean as the starting point species evolving from there Jean Baptiste Lamarck 17441829 0 Tried to explain evolution 0 Interaction with environment 0 Inheritance of acquired characteristics I Acquire characteristics during life I Pass on to offspring


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