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History of Photography: Week 5

by: ChristopherMetallo

History of Photography: Week 5 CNPH 24000-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Film > CNPH 24000-01 > History of Photography Week 5
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

Pictorialism and George Eastman
History of Photography
Rhonda Vanover
Class Notes
history, Photography
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see History of Photography in Film at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/05/16
Tuesday, February 23, 2016 History of Photography WEEK 5: Day 1 - Allowed 1 index cards with 2 slide ID’s on it - Julia Margaret Cameron • Talks about how Photography is art • John Herschel, 1867, Albumen Print • Ophelia, Study No.2, 1867, Albumen Print - Throw sides out of focus - Airy, dreamlike quality - Art and Photography • Large photographic firms and news agencies in developed countries continued to expand networks for the collection and passing out of imagery worldwide • Camera columns in newspapers • explosion of camera clubs • Half-Tone process - Can be printed with text in a book or by relief or lithography - Uses a fine screen to break up surface - Allowed publications to reproduce photos directly - Photographers around the world can capture images - Cheaters, easier, faster than to hire artists for lithography - Newspapers use more photography William Warnecke • - The Shooting of Mayor Gaynor, 1910 • Capturing a specific moment • Advertising 1 Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - Used photography to sell products - Photography’s own association… - Beatrice Tonnesen • Hired live models to show product lines • Hiring women and target women (who were said to buy things) • Dry Plates - Mass marketed in 1880’s - Didn't have to sensitize or develop on the go - Expose time was fast enough to record movement - Camera could be held in hand because of quick exposure time - Mass produced • George Eastman - compare George Eastman to Rowland Bart - Established Kodak in 1892 in Rochester, NY - One of the 1st firms to mass produce standardized photo equipment - Kodak products were marketed towards women - Marketed all over the world - Amateur begins to segment itself away from professional - 1st photos were circular images • Postcards - William h Martin • Taking our Goose to the Market, 1909 silver print postcard • Makes a lot of money creating surrealist photographic postcards • Gum Bichromate - invented by Mungo Ponton in 1839 - Embraced by pictorialists 2 Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - Uses more toxic chemicals than in regular photographic mixtures • Stieglitz and Steichen • Autochrome - 1904 - Deposited potato starch dyed red green and blue on a glass plate - Suzanne Porcher Among the Irises • • Peter Henry Emerson - Naturalistic Photography • rejected the idea of art as a vehicle for personal and emotional expression • advocated that one should treat photography as a technique in its own right and not seek to imitate other art forms • Disliked photography by Robinson, Reijlander, and Julia Margaret Camera and saw his approach as arresting the development of photography as a medium in its own right without trying to emulate painting • At Plough, The end of the Furrow, From Emerson’s photographic album, 1887 - Only the horses are in focus • Poling the Marsh-Hay, 1886, Platinum print - Henry Peach Robinson Defended composite photography asserting that it was as demanding as • painting • Fading Away, 1858, Albumen Composite Print • An explosion in the vernacular of photography happens in the 1880’s to 20th century • Pictorialism - soft focus, apparent hand manipulation of the photo aimed to give the photograph a painterly effect 3 Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - Amateurs of photography misunderstood Emerson, moving away from faithful depiction toward a more evocative and expressive form - infused Fog and shadow - Aimed for tonal complexity - Frequently printed on textured paper to evoke watercolor - Peach’s views become more popular • Alfred Stieglitz 4


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