ELEMENTARY GREEK II
ELEMENTARY GREEK II GREK 1002
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Homework Text for Greek 2060 for use with Athenaze vol 2 by Prof Naomi J Norman with additional exercises for chapters 2330 by Prof Nancy Felson Mr Shari Bodine and Mr Daniel Robie Table of Contents Course information 1 Summer 2009 Schedule 3 Note on Vocabulary 4 Principal Parts of the 75 Most Common Irregular Verbs in Greek 4 Homework Exercises for Chapter 17 8 Homework Exercises for Chapter 18 12 Forms of MIVerbs 15 Homework Exercises for Chapter 19 18 Homework Exercises for Chapter 20 21 The Subjunctive Mood 25 1 Independent Uses ofthe 39J39 quot 27 II Dependent Uses ofthe 39J39 quot 28 Subjunctive Forms of MiVerbs 32 Homework Exercises for Chapter 21 34 Homework Exercises for Chapter 22 36 Homework Exercises for Chapter 23 40 Clause Expectations 43 Homework Exercises for Chapter 24 44 The Optative Mood 45 Uses of the OptatiVe 52 Homework Exercises for Chapter 25 54 Homework Exercises for Chapter 26 56 Homework Exercises for Chapter 27 58 The Verb OIDA 59 Homework Exercises for Chapter 28 Complex Sentences in Indirect Review of the Genitive nse Review of the Dative nse Review of the Accusative nse Review of Subjunctive amp Optative Mood The Greek Number System 60 61 62 63 64 65 67 Course information GREK 2060 Intensive Beginning Greek H July 2009 MF 900 1145 Park Hall 225 Prof T Keith Dix email tkdixugaedu Park Hall 23939 5422195 Office hours M F l2l COURSE WEBSITE amp C0 URSEPACK Go to httpwwwclassicsugaeducoursesgrekl002 The Coursepack is available there for download You will need to download this text for additional explanations and for homework assignments Important login information if the website asks for it Name student Password hellas REQUIRED TEXT o Athenaze volume 2 Balme and Lawall Oxford Oxford University Press second edition SUGGESTIONS o Liddell and Scott Abridged GreekEnglish Lexicon Oxford University Press GENERAL C0 URSE INEORMA TION 0 During the second short session we will go through all of Book 2 of Athenaze o The goals of the course are to introduce you to grammar of ancient Attic Greek and to prepare you to read and translate Greek on your own after you complete GREK 2060 This will require time and effort on your part outside of class at least one hour of work outside class for every hour spent in class There will be four lhour tests tentatively scheduled for Monday 13 July Friday 17 July Friday 24 July and Wednesday 29 July Each test while focusing on the material covered since the previous test will be cumulative There will be daily quizzes The Classics Department is providing a tutor Kevin Roth for elementary Greek students He will be available daily 200300 in Park 246 or by appointment rothkeviuga edu COURSE REQUIREMENTS Class attendance and participation are essential especially since this is an intensive course Do not confuse attendance with participation You must keep up with the assigned homework and be prepared to participate in the class exercises We will try to go over all assigned work in class but we may not always succeed especially on test days You must prepare all material nevertheless If you have questions over anything which we have not been able to cover in class see me or the tutor ASAP Anyone habitually absent may be dropped from the course at my discretion You are required to take all quizzes and tests I do not give makeup quizzes Makeup tests will be given only in the event of an approved absence from class Things that shouldn t have to be said do not be late for class and do not leave early39 come to class prepared do all of the assigned homework on time39 turn off your cell phones when you enter the classroom and keep them off GRADING Quizzes 20 Hourly Tests 20 each 80 SOME AD VICE Do not write your translation in your book or you will tend to look at what you have written and not at the text and that will not do you any good Instead keep a special notebook to record vocabulary difficulties questions and points made in class Review your notes regularly but especially as you work through the homework assignment and before a test Even more importantly do not write out a translation of the stories in Athenaze If you do you will end up looking more closely at your English translation than at the Greek text The more often you work through the Greek text the better you will understand it and the more vocabulary you will master If you foolishly insist on writing out an English translation do not bring it to class with you Trying to correct your English translation during class will keep you from looking at the Greek39 let me assure you that looking at the Greek again will help you far more in developing your translation skills than will a correct written English translation Regular study habits are crucial for successfully completing this course Study on a daily basis do not simply study for a quiz or a test Four or five 10minute study blasts scattered throughout the day will really help you acquire vocabulary and master the paradigms Summer 2009 Schedule Day Day Ch Coursepack Quizzes Tests Wed 8 July 17 pp 811 Passive forms Th 9 J 1 18 11 113 pp39 12 17 Vocabulary 17 F I 10 J 1 19 Forms of didomi U u y pp39 183920 Vocabulary 18 Mon 13 July 20 pp 2124 Test 1 118 Forms of deiknumi T 14 J l 21 ue u y pp39 25 35 Vocabulary 19 20 Forms of subjunctives W 1 15 J l 22 e u V pp39 36 39 Vocabulary 21 Forms of subjunctives Th 16 J l 23 u u V pp39 40 43 Vocabulary 22 Fri 17 July Test 2 123 Mon 20 July 24 p 44 Vocabulary 23 Forms of comparative Tue 21 July 25 pp 4555 adjectives Vocabulary 24 Forms of optative W 1 22 J l 26 e u V pp39 56 57 Vocabulary 25 Thu 23 July 27 p 58 Vocabulary 26 Fri 24 July 28 pp 5960 Test 3 127 Forms of perfect M 27 J l 29 on u y pp39 61 66 Vocabulary 27 28 29 Tue 28 July 30 pp 6769 Vocabulary 29 Wed 29 July Test 4 130 Homework from Athenaze 2 will be announced daily in class Note on Vocabulary Since the textbook is now giving you the principal parts of all of the verbs in the chapter I am not including vocabulary lists in this course pack It is absolutely imperative that you learn the principal parts of all verbs Below is a list taken from Chase and Phillips A New Introduction to Greek Cambridge MA 1961 of the 75 most common irregular verbs Principal Parts of the 75 Most Common Irregular Verbs in Greek dyy llw 77515 ZYYEIAGI 39 yyslxa 39 yyaluaz 775190 announce Ziaw 5amp0 70701 xa Ifwual 969071 lead aig w aig39rja39w allow 1597mm gwual gs93901 take mid choose 0790 396 ga gxa guaz ZQS39IW raise aia39deoum aia39S39rja39oum 39fja39Sou39rw ZUS39IHMLI perceive dxo w dxo aouaz 39 xouaa dx39rjxoa We 39 xo ag39nv hear dAIa39xoum dlmaoual Sidle 0r Wm dluma 0r Wtuma be captured d ogv aww d ogavo ual dire901201 T SWjxa die a 5 5 a billILL ww billILL you lb ILL V1117 lb ILLUVUI 10d MUMl intold dimMam and d wlou39rw d olmlaxa and d lwla destroy mid and 2nd pf perish lldgmifw dg daouaz lmraga g axa lmmogul Irig daSm seize llama digit IZQEG gxa vimWu 996907 rule begin l3dgomv oya1 ngIEoum imamwin Wquot 34071qu arrive 146aivw 39rja39oual 356071 39rjxa go lS dAlw 6015 3560101 l39rjxa lwual 5617ng hurl throw pelt 166tdm39w ldgbw lagba Lie lmed lauual ldgog39rw and ld vjv harm 176ouloua1 oul39rja39oum quotWe quotWe a oulwual OUA39 S39 V Wish 187au w 704MB fabIrma yaydu39rjxa wed 197iwoum yaw aoum yav u39nv y qova Wyemum become be 20717Vm0xw wrimouaz 39wwv 39wwxa 39wwauaz wrbaS39nV know ZlVedqow 79thwa 3539me 7579an quot wawau 3me I write 2235ixvum 35121 fellatio 35351960 3 3517Ma1 535196ng Show 233i8le 3mm gwxa 3 3wxa 3 30Ma1 5336ng give 248ox w 30 3oEa quotquot7 3301mm 5336969012 seem think impersonal seem best 253 736011 3 3U039a and 35 3 3uxa rg tiuual 753690712 go down sink enter cause to enter 2652 1 aoaaz be missing tenses taken from 7iwoam 275fm go 285tm312w 517 Wtaa39a r l39rjlaxa l39rjlaual wildng march drive 29 139roya1 yboual FionaMm follow 3035 onyal la a oual 1901 l39rjluga come go 31509iw goual 200701 v oxa eat 325L39i039xw simian 39059012 or 559012 39nUQ39nxa 0r 5597mm wilymat or 5597mm wigs93901 or 56959012 discover find 3335 fifty or a39x39rja39w a39xov gangma 03939IMalI have hold 34707W 39ija39w xa 57x0 517mm 5790712 send throw 357039TIIMI a39T39rja39w a r39rja39a and 350707 govma a raum 507dng stand 36xaiw 0r xdw Madam xauaa x xama x xauaaz xaLSS39nv burn 37xal w Mala xdlaa a x xl39rjxa x xl39rmm 5x17ng call summon 38x 177w x ybw xoyba rx xogoa x xouual r xova cut 39tay de Anyboual 35106012 sumac ganglion 5139ngng take 40tav9de vrjaw 35109012 MAI19a escape notice mid forget 411514 Mia 0r 597 laEa or 51717012 5797mm MiaMal 0r al39g39nual AcEXS39IW 0r 59wng say 421514 leEu ragga 75710960 7571514141 and t tawxa1 751596ng and 75157071 collect 43tai17w latlbw 351117012 A loma A laluual AEIQOS39 V leave 44Aa129d12w Magnaoual 141901 Mandyma learn um I39n39riwri39pageg nxw 39pagegg ao39ri39nagg m39rigo39ri39nag wax26769 qsymou uoddns mama pug 4016051266 m39ri39ri39naglej mama2 nq reagg WWI266 mobem39gg egg quotp1uIum1 4016051261 mmmme mama2 4526ng mq eb mugaL39Lg q110 gupq 1939q DMOLE J 10ng m39riogg muqygg 1nd QOBId 406ng m rilegej mngej mralgg wan06 I39riulgp39gg mo dugMU m39riUruej nMUruey Maria ng qrriej ma39rieyvg dn Amalp egumm augx39pLzs I D I iL DLE J DZ DLE L mgrng mg39pj mLL39pL39gg Him auob39pmng pun augoblemng I39D39ri39ri39nmng 444 nq remng m 26L0 mobemn39zg 19111203 aUgn39pgexng m ri nggxng nn nggx g ggsum I39rinm39pgexn39Ig elynbu umsI Invinnngn aUriognng m39riongeu m39rioa39pgmu39og 0p magma m39riL39naueu nL39naueu pug 1196116141214 ng39naug mg39pau mLL39paLL396g ms augngeyug m39rinneyueu mmeyuen nnneyug m rigonnayu 10 m riongeyu meyu39gg 12 39mrmLueu 7103233 m39rigoneu DLLLILL39LS upp tug014 m rioueug nxmueu 40ng m39rigom 10 m riom malu39gg puss augobvigug m ri rieLLeu mb39riouleu nq r39rieug mq r39rieu mu39rieu39gg Aeqo eAsnsq quotpull f1sm1 quot5d puzep12n319d 40164123 m39rimeulen melon21L pug mag22L 031233 mnleu mgzau39vg legns ngaoueu 10611143 I39D I I39O llE LL mxn39pu39gg 99S 406055 m39ri39rign pun m39ri39nagng mmagng pun 39mmaog 710ng m39rioq zlg m39pag39zg uyql dug015 m39rionUIZO I39D I I39LIO 10 m39riO O39Ig uyql eAe eq IagoMon m39rim39riloaea mn39rio39riea lWO qn39rioa mjI39rioa39og lsquIsuIel quot39pHII puuuQJ augnllm39rig m39rim39rig39ri 444 nnm39 gg won0mm munw39rirri39617 Hymnal Ams marlMM mze39rig qme39ri mag39ri39gv 011n0qe sq pusmg nnuyyg39 g mnuwm myyg39ri39Lv 01912 12 sq meouoo exuyg39rie39ri Kenwm Wen0427i Ieyg39 39gv lqgg m39rmx39p39rie39ri au39ri39pnex39mig m39rigox39mi m39riox39p39ri39gv 707U7xde 7563mm E Tuxov raf ema hit happen Obtain 7161710xv oua1 i oapmaouaz o X M V 2175096an promise 72goaivw goal7 0r goavo ual go39rjva Tuegamma and go39rjva goaa39um gab90712 and godv39m show mid and 2nd pf and 2nd aor pass appear 73go gw o l a39w 39 vaqxa and 39 vaqxov v39rjvoxa v39rjvaqMal 39r n xg39rw cany bear 744056141 goa gomu 0r goaquUMal gouqov goauqa ee 75go39ry1 go39rja39w go39rjaa say Homework Exercises for Chapter 17 Give a synopsis in the M person plural of the verb Mu MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and Form Identification l Ada Adam luaa t luxa A lunaz ALSS39nV 216m rawg If 3160709 70 701 Given the dictionaiy listings above identify fully the forms below LIST ALL POSSIBLE IDENTIFICATIONS excluding the Vocative case AJO39ETE Adam wa39ia AJO39OUO39I lua a ALSO39ETGII 1605090 ALLEN 16050quot lugs12 NounAdjective Agreement Nouns Adjectives 12047 125mg If Malag 4r 612 605g 606g 6 a a 570g smug To Given the dictionary entries listed above identify each form listed below by case number and gender and then write the correct form of the adj ective s to modify the noun Ignore the Vocative case 7 5 T yaw 80512 7 57021 army v05 Boos 7 573950 V58 J Bot vaumv 605 602ml 7 570g Homework Exercises for Chapter 18 Form Identification 1 gigwm Famu gwxa 3 30xa 3 30Ma1 5336ng 2 3601 rawg If 3 Famun Wha39owog 6 4 307509 70 701 300111 307m 3017110 3130 T5 Bow 3303 3130101 NounAdjective Agreement Nouns Adjectives wmwr 4r If 95k 957011 S v 377510 row 6 Taxz g 7046570 Taxi gfiwta 7am 1396 dA39 S g dingsg Given the dictionary entries listed above identify each form listed below by case number and gender and then write the correct form of the adj ective s to modify the noun the Vocative case edmural LilyVela dyy AOU Wilmer 712d Mal dyy lwv edwraith edma dyy loug Wilma 712d Mal edyuan edyuan KiwiM Zia75AM W113ng wrbmv For practice with personal pronouns re exive pronouns and possessive adjectives translate the following lt a lt N 7390 030 070 000 a N a a lt N 11070 7390 01mm 11 77 000 a lt N a 070 000 11070 a lt N a 11 77 000 7390 07 01mm 3 lt N 11 77 000 70 070 357300 a lt N a N 070 000 1070 70 XUVG 0391 005 M5 9 gt19P 39gtP i a N N 0 M751 0701 70 71090 0 0391 005 70 0390 170730 10 0017 57100707 13113 013 0017 137113 11 0 1707 00139 70 500705 x1370 12 0 1707 00139 70 x1370 11377 13 737157 7110 013 59510715 737117 1113701 03903C51 14 0391 M751 05110703 15 0391 M751 05110777 16 0391 M751 57101 17 11170 71 1371575011 wilt 1700 77 5717 0171111 18 71119ij 13170 70 737157500 357300 19 013 59510715 737117 1113701 51701051 20 7d wilt M57511 111376 513751 2 22 0 1707 511070 1157 1 7d wilt 511071 1157 23 0 1707 af 77 1157 24 0 1707 70 x1370 111377 1157 25 7 1707 5au77 1157 26 7 1707 70 x1370 1113705 1157 27 7 1707 70 111370 x1370 1157 Forms of MIVerbs 8i8w111 81810 81810010 818011512 818075 818o 1w1v 818011 818075 8186mm 81801 81801 81801 5381801151 53818075 53818001112 AORIST ACTIVE AORIST 3530 39awxag gwxab 30yev 353075 353000 36 3675 305120 ATHEMATIC PRESENT MIDDLE INIPERFECT MIDDLE FUTURE IVHDDLE AORIST MIDDLE SIGMATIC 1 AORI ST Homework Exercises for Chapter 19 Form Identification voa39T w voa39T39rja39w v ar39rjaa vav ar39rjxa vav ar39rmm 5120077ng 126070 row 6 voarzuog OV 1200757 120075712 120070 V UTOUV Form ID Template gallsw why0w goil39rjaa agoil39rjxa 5 it MGI qozAInS39rjv gotlog gotAV gotlow goth1 gothLg Ir gotAnal gozl39rjaawg Ir Given the create an identification worksheet below 20 Homework Exercises for Chapter 20 Give a synopsis in the M person singular of the verb gozl w ACTIVE VOICE MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE OPT SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and 21 Give a synopsis in the M person plural of the verb 70739an ACTIVE VOICE MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE OPT SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and 22 Form ID 1 gallsw why0w goil39rjaa agoil39rjxa agoil39nuaz gozl39r m 2 gotlog gotAV gotlow 3 goth1 gothLg If 4 goil39rja39lg gothjaw If Part of Verbs NounsAdj ectives Form Speech Person Tense Voice Mood Case Gender 175 gotAw gothhaw gothjaw goilov gothjaw gothjust gotliag goth11 goilow 23 Part of Verbs NounsAdj ectives Form Speech Person Tense Voice Mood Case Gender gozl a39a ro gotlouu mug goil39rjaag gotlowly gothjag 0901 gall39 a39m gozkr 39rjv gotlot 24 The Subjunctive Mood The indicative mood is used for assertions of fact and appears in most independent clauses and in some dependent clauses The subjunctive mood expresses mere assumption or possibility and is often used in subordinate clauses Note its name in Latin subiunctivus means joined wit The Greek subjunctive has three tenses present aorist and perfect It always has aspect meaning rather than temporal meaning In other words present subjunctive indicates continuing aspect39 but aorist subjunctive indicates simple aspect These aspectual differences will be difficult often impossible to convey in your translations Formation of the Subjunctive In all tenses the subjunctive is formed by adding lengthened thematic vowels and primary personal endings to the appropriate tense stem See the chart below active middle passive aorist passive Sing lst w wya1 w 2nd m m W 3rd 4 11T11 Pl lst wy512 wu591 wy512 2nd 40139s 40095 40139s 3rd w039112 wwa1 w039112 Some Present Active Subjunctive paradigms 25 Some Present Middle Subjunctive paradigms Aorist Active Subjunctive paradigm Aorist Middle Subjunctive paradigm Mm Mfrwa Mfrme Ammuaga N177 Nwrrra N177 MTVjogs N177 Nmua39lb MTV at Nmuwal Aorist Passive Subjunctive paradigm 6th principal part 51690712 subjunctive stem lugs lugsw AUSJ lugswa AUSJJMW lugs391 AUSII lugsmas Aug39 ra lugs391 Aug lugsum AUSJM IV 26 1 Independent Uses of the Subjunctive The Subjunctive does have some independent uses ie not in subordinate clauses These uses may be classified as either imperatival issuing a command or recommendation for future action or as prospective looking to an action that might take place in the future or to a proposition that might be ascertained as true in the future You negate a subjunctive verb with air rather than of A H ortatoty Subjunctive expresses a proposal or an exhortation 12512 l wuav no2 dnoda wuav 13905 ii396 Let us go now and hear the man my goo cbaaSa Let us not be afraid Note This is not the same as Don t be afraid which would use an imperative verb instead B Prohibitive Subjunctive a negative command A negative command with present aspect usually is expressed with imperative instead of subjunctive our 7TOI39I0quotITamp 70570 Do not do thisthese things uncle 39inIrja39rrrm To DIAITFTFOV gotlow Let no one consider Philip a friend C Doubtful assertions and emphatic denials with air expresses a doubtful assertion Perhaps or I suspect with air of a doubtful denial Perhapsnot but with of an a strong denial guy 70570 If 6 C39mo aav Perhaps this is what we were seeking air of 6997 gm Ta m I suspect that these things are not correct of our 351 MALI170 He will never show that he is free of blame D Deliberative subjunctive used in questions in which one is asking what one is to do or wondering what is to happen alhwaav Ii swamp Shall we speak or keep silent Tl adSw What am I to experience 27 II Dependent Uses of the Subjunctive The subjunctive mood often appears in dependent temporal relative or conditional clauses which are indefinite or general in nature In these clauses 512 appears with the subjunctive A Purpose Clauses clauses that eXpress purpose and are introduced by You 5 0r 517w We are fighting so that in order that we maymight save our fatherland MangoM590 7120 My 17059130 amorous They are hurrying so that in order that they may not arrive late o audouow 517w our 61 doinwwal B Conditional Sentences consists of two statements one makes an assumption If A 39 the other states a conclusion which follows from that assumption then B The assumption is called the protasis39 the conclusion is called the apodosis The negative of the protasis is My that of the apodosis is of If it rains protasis they will stay home apodosis NO VERB IN A CONDITIONAL SENTENCE CAN BE TRANSLATED UNTIL THE TYPE OF CONDITION IS IDENTIFIED Type of Condition Protasis Apodosis 1 Future More Vivid dv subjunctive future indicative does will do dv 5117751012 M 39 MyL39 T39 v miwa auoouow subj tense refers to aspect If he sends a messenger they will stop the battle Protasis makes an assumption about the future39 apodosis draws a conclusion based on that assumption 28 2 Future Less Vivid 5 optative optative 51112 should do would do 5 5117751012 1751111170117511111L5111 739112 1151an 17511130151217511130395111512 51112 If he should send a messenger they would stop the battle Protasis makes an assumption about the future which is viewed as less likely to come true than is the protasis of a future more vivid apodosis draws a conclusion based on this less likely assumption The particle 51112 is necessary to complete the meaning of the apodosis but is not translated Both 5 and 55112 mean if but are not interchangeable each belongs to only certain types of conditional sentences 3 Present General 55112 subjunctive present indicative does does 55112 5117751012 u n mb r 739112 1151an 17511130120712 If he ever sends a messenger they always stop the battle Protasis makes an assumption in present time apodosis draws a conclusion which follows as a general rule from this assumption 4 Past General 5 optative imperfect indicative did did 5 5117751012 1751111170117511111L5111 739112 1151an 511751112012 If he ever sent a messenger they always stopped the battle Protasis makes an assumption in past time apodosis draws a conclusion which follows as a general rule in past time 5 Present Contrary to Fact 5 imperfect indic imperfect indic 51112 were doing would be doing 5 5117751012 5117511117512 739112 1151an 511751112012 51112 If he were sending a messenger but he is not they would be stopping the battle but they are not Protasis assumes something which is not true in the present time apodosis draws a 29 conclusion based on this unreal assumption 6 Past Contrary to Fact 5 aorist indic aor indic 5sz had done would have done 5 5117751012 rrambav T39I W miwa aua av 512 If he had sent a messenger but he did not they would have stopped the battle but they did not Protasis assumes something which is not true in past time apodosis draws a conclusion based on this unreal assumption B Relative Clauses Instead of being introduced by the particles 5 or dv the protasis of a conditional sentence can be introduced by a form of the relative pronoun This happens when the antecedent of the pronoun is general and the relative pronoun can then be translated as whoever whatever or when the action of the clause is future past or present general or contrary to fact A relative protasis clause follows the same rules given above for conditional protases Even when the relative pronoun has a demonstrative antecedent like xalvog the structure of the clause shows that the speaker does not have anyone specific in mind e g Future More Vivid 5g 43 5 5sz subjunct future indic does will do 312 51112 5i 1quot 12770012 u wuav uybwuav gush0g 170185U939Ila395139al Whomever we send to the island that man will be educated C Temporal clauses Temporal clauses are dependent clauses introduced by temporal conjunctions eg after while until and indicating a relationship in time between the action of the dependent clause and that of the main verb The action of the temporal clause can be prior to simultaneous with or after that of main verb Imperfect shows simultaneous action39 aorist prior action When the temporal relationship is definite the indicative is used For example Prior action 5175 70 616M012 qQaybav 70L TrollTag didagav After he wrote the book he taught the citizens Simultaneous 5139s 70 616M012 fabgages 70L TrollTag didagav When he was writing the book he taught the citizens 30 When the temporal relationship is general or indefinite the subjunctive is used The clause starters 53175sz etc are used for prior time am for simultaneous time For example 1 Present General subjunc neg u39rj present indic neg oz Prior action elddv 5 Mp 12770012 anoS Tod TrollTag dlddaxel Whenever he is sent to the island he teaches the citizens Simultaneous 57012 l AIov ygdgo39n TOL TrollTag dlddaxel Whenever he is writing a book he teaches the citizens 2 Past General optative neg u39rj imperfect indic neg oz Prior action 5175 5i 1quot 12770012 anoS lV TOL TrollTag didaowev Whenever he was sent to the island he taught the citizens Simultaneous 5139s l AIov ygdgool Tod TrollTag didaowev Whenever he was writing a book he taught the citizens 3 Future More Vivid subjunc neg u39rj future indic neg oz Prior action elddz 5 Mp 12770012 anoS Tod TrollTag 313d 5L After he is sent to the island he will teach the citizens Simultaneous 57012 l AIov ygdgo39n Tod TrollTag 313d 5u When he is writing a book he will teach the citizens EXplanations and examples are adapted from D Mastronade Introduction to Attic Greek G Seligson and S Shelmerdine Greek for Reading and H Hansen and G Quinn Greek An Intensive Course 31 Subjunctive Forms of MiVerbs 313613135 313610313q3 31367313q3 ala wM5Vgt8laaM5V 31300775 13675 3136m0391313u0 112 V AORIST ACTIVE 36135 36710393 3 wgt3 36wM5Vgt3tDM5V 300775 gt361 36w0 13u039112 SIGMATIC AORIST 32 PRESENT MIDDLE AORI ST MIDDLE SIGMATIC 1 AORI ST AORI ST PASSIVE 33 Homework Exercises for Chapter 21 Form 1D 39wa fiQEw 7793a ewau 779va dew W7 77 5199am 701270 6 dgx g 705 6 34 Form ID template oula w aula a w o laua a a o lama a o lauual 56006690712 o laumg 75w If oulau r39rjg 705 6 oulau ro g 4r 7012 Given the create an identification worksheet below 35 Homework Exercises for Chapter 22 Give a synopsis in the 2nd person plural of the verb 1391de MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and 36 Give a synopsis in the M person plural of the verb 771W ACTIVE VOICE MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE OPT SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and 37 Give a synopsis in the M person singular of the verb Fezmum ACTIVE VOICE MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE OPT SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and 38 Open Conditions nothing implied about outcome Closed Conditions negative outcome implied Protasis Apodosis neg uxq39 neg mi Clause S V M V Type of quot Tense Mood Tense Clause 5 ind Any ind any if y Xu 5 ind fut ind fut Future Most Vivid Particular Definite if do Will do clauses a subj aor ind pres Present General General Indefinite or res if ever do do alwa s iv P y clauses a subj aor or ind fut Future More Vivid iv pres if ever do will do a opt aor or ind impf Past General pres if ever did was doing Protasis Apodosis always neg uxq neg mi Clause S V M V Type of Starter Mood Tense Mood Tense Clause 5 ind impf ind impf iv Pres Contrary to Fact if were doing would do a ind aor ind aor iv Past Contrary to Fact if had done would have done a opt aor or pres opt aor or pres Future Less Vivid iv if should do would do 39 Homework Exercises for Chapter 23 Form ID 1 goaivw goryJ 352mm rtegamma and go39rjva goaauaz godeImz and godww 2 gosz 601 go39rja39a 3 goar g 4r 7012 4 goda39lg 75w If 40 41 Euphony Exercise Certain changes in spelling take place when prefixes are attached to verbs Observing the changes mentioned on pg 120 and V01 1 pp 589 produce the compound verb that results when the following prefixes precede the following verb root es Verb Verb 1 duo 6cmde Tcpo 5pm KOHIX Tcrxprx er vm m beiQm TEEpL cvv 5600M rch 6270 v p pm 10 xvrx 5x0 cvv p m xrco M30 uaw aiui uaw xtp m Tcpo 6vvut v TEEpL 5600M cvv oucam Tcpo Siomut KQTQ 42 Clause Expectations What You See clause starters are underlined What You Expect Grammatical Construction clause starters are underlined verb of saying thinking knowing hoping learning perceiving indirect statement 1 h or finite verb in indicative mood in nitive with accusative subject participle with accusative subject LAN purpose clause 712 0 or 57mg subjunctive verb g future participle po w clause of fearing l 2 1 nite verb in subjunctive mood 2 complimentary in nitive 7 a 5135 51 7019 Wish 57339s a wig nite verb in optative mood e 57751 awg new etc temporal clause 7751 39wg 779132 etc nite verb in indic 5775150472 1nde n1te temporal m dv 775 w f1n1te verb 1n subjunctlve clause mood g relat1ve clause 5g n1te verb 1n 1nd1cat1ve mood 007w av 1nde n1te relat1ve 50711 Zip n1te verb 1n subjunct1ve mood clause 1 cond1t10nal clause n1te verb 1n 1nd1cat1ve mood 5th 1nde n1te cond1t1onal dv n1te verb 1n subjunctlve or optative mood clause verb of striving effort Object clause of striving 577w future indicative here negative is 577m W As you learn new constructions continue to fill out this chart to help you keep track of your grammatical expectations as you read 43 Homework Exercises for Chapter 24 Give a synopsis in the M person plural of the verb Fezmum ACTIVE VOICE MIDDLE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE OPT SUB OPT SUB OPT For participles give the nominative singular masculine form present active imperative and present middle imperative and aorist active imperative and aorist middle imperative and 44 The Optative Mood Forms of the optative mood occur in the present future only in indirect statement aorist perfect and future perfect only in indirect statement Formation of the optative l Mood vowel 717 added to the thematic vowel 0 or to the tense vowel for example a in the firsUsigmatic aorist active and middle 2 Mood suffix rm used in athematic in ection fur occurs only before active endings 3 Secondary personal endings except for first person singular forms in 701m 7 mm third plural active ending has variant form 7512 4 When the suffix is mm the 1st pers sing ends in 71239 when the suffix is it ends in 1161 5 fur is used as follows in all other cases a in contract verbs in the singular rarely in the dual and plural appears in the dual and plural rarely in the singular b in liquid verbs in the future active singular goal01quotan for goal50710771 In the dual and plural 717 goal ue for goavaorlruav c in the singular Ofulrverbs 7195in for 7195715an 3130in for 31307150712 95in for 95719071 Here the modal sign is added to the tensestem without any thematic vowel is more common in the dual and plural 71957 512 for 71954155 31307u512 for 180411651 957139s for 954775 Verbs in VU UII make their Optatives like Ma 1 in the aorist passive WscElVW for AUSarlIrrv goal570712 for goal571077 In the dual and plural 717 is more common AUSaluav for lugs711151 goal57139s for goal54775 e in some second perfects as goalwAUSoi39ng and in the second aorist axoim from 3940 6 In the 1st aor opt act of wiverbs the endings 751a 751512 751a are more common than 7mg 411 411512 These alternate forms represent an earlier type whose source is in dispute 45 7 In the aor opt passive of all verbs and in the opt of uziverbs and of contract verbs I UKEV 7115 71512 are more common than 7mm l39 T imam Prose writers use either the shorter or the longer forms39 poets use only the shorter forms 8 In contract verbs the stem vowel contracts with the 017 of the optative a01p5010100101 9 Optative active in contract verbs has two forms one based on the four conjugation the other on the suffix emf The em suffix is more usual in the singular39 the suffiX is more usual in the plural 10 In uziverbs the present optative and second aorist optative add directly to the tense stem forming a diphthong with the final vowel of the stem 11 Singular forms in the present active and aorist active of uziverbs use the fur suffiX 12 Forms with fur occur occasionally in other active forms of uziverbs and are more common than forms in 2nd and 3rd plural active of monosyllabic stems athematic aorists present of aiui and WWI 13 Regular secondary personal endings are used in uziverbs 712 in 1st sing active 7 512 in 3rd plural l4 Present optative of verbs in rwuz and of 517m follow the wiverb pattern 46 Present I sing sing sing plural plural Future I sing sing sing plural Aorist I sing sing sing plural 2 In the aorist active note alternate endings 72mg 72150 may 3 In the aorist passive note 7m in the singular in the plural 4 Note loss of intervocalic sigma in the 2nd sing middle in present future aorist 5 Note the accent in Mao 3 d sing fut act and in Mm 3 d sing aor act final 701 7a are long for purposes of accent 47 LIQUID AND NASAL VERBS Future r Aorist plu Aorist Passive I sing sing sing 1 Flu goalems 0r goal57139s 0r goal57512 0r 48 CONTRACT VERBS Present 1 plural plural Present 1 Tqu V 7mgqu mum mum wwwev Tlum39rrra plural 1 In the present active the more common forms are on the left the less common forms in brackets 2 Note that in the active the emf su ix is more usual in the singular mutiny for Tzuaoim the su ix is more usual in the plural whimsy for Tzudozuav 3 The stem vowel contracts with the 017 ofthe optative a 01 gt p a 01 gt 01 0 01 gt 01 4 TIM JM V is for Tluaoiuwv 49 sing sing plural plural plural Present Present I sing sing sing I plural Present 1 Future plural plural u VERBS Active sing sing plural plural plural Present 2nd Aorist I sing sing Uses of the Optative Independent uses A Optative of wish future or possible wishes present and aorist Optative alone May 5795 a wig optative If only oh that Negative My May it not B Potential optative present and aorist Optative 5sz Negative of Possibility probability Would should may etc Dependent uses Many dependent uses of the optative correspond to subjunctive uses where the optative replaces the subjunctive after a verb in the main clause in imperfect aorist or pluperfect tense secondary sequence A Optative may replace subjunctive in purpose clauses in secondary sequence B Optative may replace subjunctive in clauses of fearing in secondary sequence C Past general conditions and relative clauses with past general conditional force 5139s 351901 3690 352059512 Whenever he came he brought gifts 0 AS39IWGJOI Figs601101 awna WOV QO V vowC0151 The Athenians used to eXpel whomever they considered wicked D Future less vivid conditions and relative clauses with future less vivid conditional force a v 5 u a a 51 7012 001150 5101 wield 112 1121quot axawou If you should capture the king you would rule in his place Apodosis contains potential optative optatiVe 51 speaker Views fulfillment as relatively less probable By assimilation of mood the protasis also contains optative expressing a more remote possibility than subjunctive 5sz in the protasis of the future more ViVid E Temporal clauses introduced by before or until F Indirect statement introduced by 511 or a3 in secondary sequence G Indirect questions in secondary sequence H Subordinate clauses in indirect statement in secondary sequence Homework Exercises for Chapter 25 Form ID 11701 w owjaw 5317015000 a oi39rjxa 17517015an oi39r 39rjv 2 Trom r39rjg 705 6 3 Trot3900 75w If 4 Trom r og 4r 7012 170 1 07095 17010507 17015709a1 1701607 Homework Exercises for Chapter 26 In the following lines identify the case of the underlined wordphrase and classify which specific use of the case it is Choose from the following specific case uses Genitive Dative Accusative Possessive Genitive Indirect Object Direct Object Genitive with Special Adjectives Dative of Interest Accusative of Partitive Genitive Reference Respect Genitive of Time Within Which Dative of Respect Accusative of Time Genitive of Comparison Dative of Duration Genitive of Separation Instrument Accusative Genitive with Special Verbs Dative of Absolute Accompaniment Dative of Time When Dative of Degree of Difference Sentence Case Specific Use 1 70L A0700 wuro g M70 2 70 17190 3000am dgoi07a7az 3 70 1717790 3111164 209000750012 4 6 TO V 01712012 170479 5 771125 5 0570 170M d xaz 7395 Max969quot 66 2150 70y lmom 0712012 7713251 7017 39rraxre g 7 0 Ui0g 7012 5110107012 01712012 govup 03903C51 8 0 gotlog 30394 xdgw d odidwm 9 6 OTVOU glEXG KEltP04L V 120051 10 0 goilog 7723275 u gag 00051 lt lt ll 0 U10 7071 uwa Luau0120 1701350039112 N a a TOU OIXEIOU XUVO 5965
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