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by: Spencer Smitham


Spencer Smitham
GPA 3.97


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About this Document

Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Spencer Smitham on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3980 at University of Georgia taught by Liu in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/202450/psyc-3980-university-of-georgia in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.




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Date Created: 09/12/15
Psyc 3980 Intro to scientific method Ways to learn 1 Intuition a Relies on common sense to know about world 2 Reasoning induction vs deduction a Deduction general to specific b Induction specific to general 3 Authority a Someone who is a expert about topic tells 4 Observation a Relying on what you see Good for basic idea Noninterference observe in natural environment Repeat observation find patterns Once we know pattern start testing what controls patterns Observation and experimentation sets scientific studies apart from other fields of study 5 Principles that guide scientific research a Empiricism evidence and observation measurable i Observe ask questions experiment Parsimony prefer simpler explanation Determinism identifiable causes i Descriptive research vs causal research ii Correlation Cause d Testabilityfalsifiability 6 Pseudoscience vs Science a Knowledge gained with scientific method relies on carefully controlled studies that can be replicated b Pseudoscience scientific sounding lacks evidence i Psychoanalysis ii Credit scores to predict likelihood of fraud iii 2012 iv Ghost hunting 7 External validity a Applied vs Basic i Extent to which results ofa study can be generalized to real life situations hop99 op Steps of the Research Process 1 Hypothesis Development a Research questions should be i Important for gaining new knowledge ii Answerable with the scientific method b Types of research questions 39 Descriptive Causal used to test theory Theory explanation of behavior that can be tested by empirical studies c Where questions come from i Researcher s interests ii Testing theory eg attachment iii Literature review on topic find gap 1 Thorough search and review of studies previously conducted in an area of research 2 Scholarly books journal articles conferences databases a Journal articles written to describe your research for other interested research i Empiricalmost common 1 Structure H i ii39 a Abstract b Intro c Method participantsmaterials design procedure d Results e Discussion f References ii Review iii Theoretical d Hypotheses i Predicted answer to your research question ii Based on results and theories already known in an area iii Theorydriven deductive iv Datadriven inductive 1 Primed to feel disgust rate actions in moral dilemmas more harshly primed to cleanliness rate less harshly Methods of Observation A Terms a External validity how useful are your findings to world


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