Week 8 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Graham on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FILM 2700 at Georgia State University taught by Ahmet Yuce in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF MOTION PICTURES in Film at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/05/16
3/1 First Sound Film: The Jazz Singer (1927) (produced by Warner Bros) -the first film with a successful lip sync (unlike Edison/Dickson’s experiment sound movie) *Musicals become most popular genre in Hollywood! Relationship Between Studios and Sound -sound was new and different -provided advantage on the market, differentiation from competitors -other studios jump on board after Warner Bros -sound films become standard of the industry (another money making spectacle) Technical/Commercial Problems of Early Sound Technology Microphones o Too big o Not sensitive/ limited reception range (you had to be really close to it) o Not sound-specific (pick up every sound, not just the one you want) o Prevents actors from moving, minimal body acting Sound proof box o Camera had to stay in a glass box so the sound of it wouldn’t be picked up o Limits camera movement o Lack of differing angles Acting o Actors had to play to microphone o Some actors had problems adapting Ie Charlie Chaplin’s voice is too suave to be paired with the Little Tramp Film directors suddenly have a dearth of stars Amplification o How do you project sound films? o Early amplifiers sucked, you couldn’t always hear everything in the theater New Tech b/c of Sound 1) Multiple mics 2) Boom mics 3) Camera blimps (covers mech of camera to isolate sound) (better than soundproof box) Progressive Aspects of Early Sound Tech Scripts began to change o Addition of dialogue o Adds psychological and emotional depth o Verbal expression (speech) Relationships made explicit (saying “I love you” with your eyes can be interpreted in different ways, but saying “I love you” with your words means exactly that) Sometimes hated by conservatives Revealing inner truths of characters by means of speaking Sonic sphere o Increased immersion in film b/c you share the same sounds with the characters/the film o Sonic relationship between the theater and the narrative world of the film o Sharing same sonic sphere adds to questions of morality and identification 3/3 Hayes Codes- 1930: created by studios, not legally binding Production Code of Administration- 1934: PCA created by government (more influence) Violence: none, but you can punish bad people Sex: nope, and punish sexual people League of Decency: started rating movies in the late 30s; not like MPAA ratings, unofficial but influential Relationship between Sound and other film elements: “Golddigger” (1933): “we’re in the money”, relationship between editing, movement, and sound
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