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by: Kathleen Hyatt


Kathleen Hyatt
GPA 3.7


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Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathleen Hyatt on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2340 at University of Georgia taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see /class/202638/engl-2340-university-of-georgia in Foreign Language at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 09/12/15
Sweta Ghayal Final Essay Question 2 Ms Jennifer Wing August 3 2006 The Ultimate Goal of American Literature The Strive for One s Identity Throughout American literature readers constantly see one major and important theme brought to the artist s audience Americans strive for searching for one s identity Literary artists from different periods have had different strategies of finding one s identity These literary periods have been distinctly distinguished from one another through various literary themes used by artists Each anteceding period always is found to be in reaction of the preceding period For example the realism era gathered literature from the 1830s to the end of the nineteenth century Anteceding the realism era was modernism during the twentieth century Like all literary periods artists of the modernistic era are constantly reacting against the themes and thoughts of the realistic era Realist artists such as William Dean Howells author of Editha attempted to write the truth of everyday life in their literature to give further emphasis on what uplifted American spirit Howells defined this literary era as nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of materia On the contrary modern artists such as Ernest Hemingway author of Hills Like White Elephants included historical events and symbolic meanings from other cultures to find oneself through the usage of the past The story of Editha by Howells is situated during a period of war Most of society has the American spirit and pride to win the war Editha is a woman who loves her country and is willing to do anything to gain victory even if it is to fight to her death Ghayal 2 She lives her life through her ance George an unenthusiastic soldier of the American army Because of these differing views among the couple Editha writes him a letter stating But the man I marry must love his country rst of all 1446 By use of symbolic language Howells portrays many Americans standing together in battle to win the war and to gain individual independence even for their own personal reasons In this story Editha wants her ance to go ght into battle and win it for her in order to give her independence from the relationship Fortunately for Editha George bravely dies in battle and Editha gains her individual freedom Similar to realism artists of the anteceding era modernism also write to nd individualism but through a different pathway In the story of the couple in Ernest Hemingway s Hills Like White Elephants the couple is constantly debating over the issue of abortion and whether or not having a baby would have an effect on their lives as world wanderers Philosophical ideologies carried on from the nineteenth century into the twentieth made abortion viewed by society as an untraditional and unethical alternative During this time many modemists wrote in rejection to these traditional ideas to nd individualism In Hills Like White Elephants Hemingway states I wanted to try this new drink That s all we do isn39t itlook at things and try new drinks 2 Using this line in his literature Hemingway wants to gain individualism by rejecting traditional thoughts and trying new things such as abortion Besides contrasting the way of writing between two literary periods the ultimate goal of artists in American literature was to nd individual freedom and independence from personal everyday life Hemingway s modernistic writing and Howell s realistic


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