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World Regions

by: Cortney Leuschke

World Regions GEOG 102

Cortney Leuschke
GPA 3.81

Jennifer Osha

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Jennifer Osha
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cortney Leuschke on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 102 at West Virginia University taught by Jennifer Osha in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/202689/geog-102-west-virginia-university in Geography at West Virginia University.

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Date Created: 09/12/15
Final Exam Study Guides Part1 Countries ofthe Former Soviet Union 15 Uzbekistan Regions in transition EastAsia China and SE Asia and The former SovielUnion c1s USSR Commonwealth oI Indepmdenl Smwsrlargely de a Interior climates the large area 0f land in central aSia affects the climate called Continentality no water nearby extremely hot in summer and extremely cold in Winter Continentality the large area of land in central asia affects the climate Climates within FSU Arid Mediterranean and Artic How did the break up ofthe FSU impact Russia s resources Russia for one really slumped down economically Ukraine and belarus have kind of the same two caucasian reublics fought each other and the central asian states became very poor Cold War 0verv1ew Rivalry between the US and the Soviet Union for control over the postwar world emerged before World War II had even ended Environmental problems of SU Aral sea Chernobyl others oil pipeline breakages mining and manufacturing pollution nuclear accidents Chernobyl drying of the Aral sea collapsing industrial plants pollution of the Black and Caspian seas Population within Russia dynamics distribution Russians outside of Russia ethnic groups Heaviest population in the west 7 Major population decline 1999 total population fell million people Shortened life expectancies less babies 7 N on Russian ethnic groups constitute a larger portion of the population 7 Ethnicities of republics are often not the majority Complicates administration Principles of Stalinist economic system centralization everything is planned at the capital industrialization focused in the west expansion into the east especially for natural resources extensive economic system assumes that increases in inputs would naturally lead to increases in outputs self sufficiency production of all goods and services in the soviet union or allied countries large development all projects were huge factories were monolithic communes were expansive everything done on the largest scale possible Chechnya Why didn t Russia let it become independent and why are Chechens so angry if Chechnya becomes independent more territories will follow Oil Terrorism Anger of forced relocation of entire population to Siberia resulting in death of 1A of population Unemployment and poverty are also causes Central Asia climate Kazakhstan largest in area mostly deselt 7 Turkmenistan mostly deselt 7 Uzbekistan largest in population mostly deselt 7 Tajikistan mostly mountains 7 Kyrgyzstan mostly mountains Central Asia population density and trends Low population densities 7 Population concentrations in river valleys and irrigated lowlands 7 High population growth rates unlike Russia and rest of this world region 7 In ux of Russians during Soviet period followed by outmigration of Russians in post Soviet period 7 Muslim majorities in all ve Central Asian countries F39L u39nn mm quot 391 ml liaicmhrql mm Soviet and postSoviet eras Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan Irrigated cotton quot 39 1 loss of 60 surface area 80 volume POLLUTED from weapons testing feltilizers and also increased salinity Authoritarian governments 7 Tajikistan Civil war in 19905 Conflicts with lowlands over water use 7 Kyrgyzstan Ethnic con icts 7 Turkmenistan Political instability next slide Pressure from Russia to supply oil a Aral sea is drying up Majority religion in Central Asia Islam Turkmenistan former now deceased dictator and his cult of personality Why are foreign governments interested in Turkmenistan opening up to the outside world Opening up to the outside world dismantling the cult of personality educational reforms Internet cafes Foreign interests in natural resources Study Guide for Europe Agriculture European agriculture is 7 intensive 7 increased output per hectare 7 concentrated 7fewer large farms and smaller farming regions 7 specialized 7 focus on very narrow range of products subregions and borders East Central Europe Southern Europe Mediterranean Western Europe Northern Europe Break up onugoslaviaspeclal topic cmngno 1 he ML39Kirlar lll ennmle lac Pemliulml requued fur reprodutxmll nrdliplay Table 34 Tlma Lune ul vugoslavla we 7 n n to m m glrll39wrl h39ll um ml re mam lg NV Flslnmlslrsanc km s Hlllq l n was sr lJ39lrrdmllrl al A e l ela 5ch by m al ll lnTll lr l 4 mo mlvnln ransom hauan le ll l a lopenln lawman M 1m m a l l llll39rsr w S ln mll ca l Ml llmmn sm l M l n l0gts a nann in my 5 l illgnsllma m l r ll nnlbnle we 39llr s llleaLln v llrlrlmlrl r raw lllmnl in 2 a snr lnur Kosovo and 1 do 1 R nan Mu hm croats and Serbs complex L in drEerent areas 1995 Dayton D A temauonal peacekeepers deployed Troops leaving Bosnia 39 V nr n on 39 sought to secede orn Yugoslavia Serbs responded by drrvrng ethnic Albanians out ofKoso NATO intervened 1999 bornblng largest rnrlrta con ch in Eur e since wwrl Many Serbs ed Albanians returned Currently a status quo but Kosovo Albanians want independence built enmronment Dlsebled people should be able to access bulldlngs and facllltles m the same Way as evervbodv else overall weather and climate Climates moderated by close proximity to oceans Long coastline Use of rivers as transportation routes Danube Rhine Importance of the built environment physical geography from overview Climate moderated by the gulf stream 7 The Alps form the Central highlands lowlands form North European Plain 7 Warmer to the southwest colder to the northeast European U 10n special topic Member Countries see map The dominance of the EU in the world economy The EU is a supranational institution An entity that operates across national states One of the few highly successful supranational institutions However The EU cannot override most national decisions quotdeepening and wideningquot Have proven to constitute a dual force propelling the process of European integration forward countries part of EU new countries adding EU Member states Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Luxembourg The Netherlands Portugal Spain Sweden United Kingdom New EU Member states Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Estoina Hungary Latvia Lithuania Malta Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia know blue terms EU parliament 7Based in France Belgium and Luxembourg passes laws monitors budget monitors EU institutions EU council 7 ministerial representations from each member state passes laws approves EU budget coordination of economic policies develops foreign policy coordinates anticrime strategies EU commission 7 20 commissioners appointed by each member state every 5 years proposes legislation implements EU policies law enforcement international co ordination European central bank 7 in ation target of less than 2 per year sets short term interest rates for the whole eurozone area implements and monitors eurozone monetary policy European investment bank 7 owned by member states invest in projects to promote aims of EU 7 large scale projects Court of auditors 7 monitors legality and efficiency of EU income and expenditure Court of Justice 7 one judge from each member state interprets and applies EU legislation Euro 7 common currency Tax harmonisation 7reduce differentials in tax regimes throughout the single market to aid competition and transparency Single market 7 free movement of goods services labour and capital between member states Balkans 7 the countries of south east europe Baltic 7the countries bordering the Baltic sea in northeast Europe Latvia Lithuania Estonia Poland iug regions f iug Heavy manufacturing in UK northern France Belgium Netherlands Western Germany Automobile industry GM and Ford UK Germany opel Volkswagen Porsche Mercedes BMW 7 Germany Fiat Masserati others Italy I aerospace industry I electronics industry I services and tourism economic differences within Europe southwest I Econom y ALL countries are part of the European Union Italy and Spain are more prosperous than Greece and Portugal Southeast Europe is the poorestpart of Europe population trends and concentrations In decline in many parts of Europe Decreasing in most Med and Eastern countries Small increases in West North Albania Macedonia populations growing large Muslim pop 7 Role ofmigranw Algerians into France Turks into Germany Caribbeans Africans Indians into United Kingdom 7 Population patterns Highest concentration in Northwestern Europe immigration trends population declin immigrant workforce Demographic Transition Mo e 39 cw Mm mme Mllt tnlmiuwx to immtttnutmmowoow mm ta 3 339 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 4 High birth rate Death rate lalls birth Rapid p0 ulaxiorl Low birth rate and death rate rate ig early increase giving way to and death rate preindustrlsl industrial society lower birth rates in slow populatlon ocisty Rapid population developed growth increase industrial society Total Population Natural Change Elinn and death rates per 1000 ol population peryoat Birth Rate Dealh Hate o gt 9 1970 2000 970 2000


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