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Intro International Relations

by: Daniella Prosacco

Intro International Relations POLS 260

Marketplace > West Virginia University > Political Science > POLS 260 > Intro International Relations
Daniella Prosacco
GPA 3.57

Christina Fattore

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Christina Fattore
Class Notes
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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniella Prosacco on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 260 at West Virginia University taught by Christina Fattore in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see /class/202697/pols-260-west-virginia-university in Political Science at West Virginia University.

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Date Created: 09/12/15
The United Nations POLS 260 February 23 2009 The UN A History Replaces the nowdefunct League of Nations Second attempt at establishing a global organization Established October 24 1945 San Francisco 51 original members Today 192 members Objectives of the UN As defined by Article One of the UN Charter Maintain international peace through collective security Maintain respect for sovereignty self determination and territorial integrity Promote cooperation in various areas Organizations of the UN General Assembly primary legislative body everyone has a seat Set budget Selects the secretarygeneral Designates the nonpermanent members of the Security Council Important questions need 23 majority vote to pass Security Council Second legislative organ Oversees peacekeeping forces Five permanent members US UK France Russia and China and 10 non permanent rotating members Nonpermanent members hold two year terms Permanent members have a veto power on substantial matters Secretariat Executive institution that carries out the daytoday activities Headed by the secretarvqeneral who holds a five year term renewable Security council permanent members have a veto on who becomes secretarygeneral International Court of Justice 15 iustices with ninevear terms The court serves two primary purposes Settles legal disputes submitted by states such as territorial boundaries Gives advisory opinions on legal questions Economic and Social Council Coordinates the work of specialized agencies commissions and regional bodies ECOSOC is responsible for promoting higher standards of living full employment and economic and social progress identifying solutions to international economic social and health problems facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms Trusteeship Council Used to deal with remnants of colonial empires lt suspended this operation in 1994 there were a few colonies left in the world but not many UN Membership Today 192 member states Latest additions are Switzerland East Timor and Montenegro Some groups have observer status such as the PLO the EU and the Red Cross they don t get to vote but they have permanent representation U N Activities Collective Security Korea and the Gulf War Peacekeeping Forces Began with the UN Emergency force in the Sinai Peninsula in 1956 Right now there are some ongoing missions such as IraqKuwait border Lebanon Golan Heights Cyprus Georgia Kosovo East Timor IndiaPakistan border Afghanistan Congo Ivory Coast EthiopiaEritrea and Sierra Leone UN Activities con t Diplomacy A forum where diplomacy can take place Dispute settlement through ICJ Promotion of General cooperation International Criminal Court Established by the Rome Statute of 1998 the first ever permanent treaty based international criminal court established to promote the rule of law and ensure that the gravest international crimes do not go unpunished ICC con t Over 160 nations signed the Rome Statute but it took four years for the sixty needed to ratify it for the ICC to take form Although it exists it has not started its operations War Tribunals for Rwanda and Yugoslavia war atrocities are through the UN ICC Con t Crimes under its jurisdiction include war crimes and crimes against humanity rape genocide and use of chemical and biological weapons The state must be a party to the statute in order to it to file a complaint or be prosecuted itself Basically the ICC should be seen as a permanent replacement for a war crimes tribunal USA and the ICC President Clinton signed the Rome Statute in 1998 however it was never ratified and GW Bush has no interest in signing it It impedes on our sovereignty our law wouldn t be the highest in the land What do you think Some questions on the UN Should the permanent members of the Security Council be changed in light of global events ls peacekeeping ineffective Is the UN seen as a legitimate organization


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