Week Three Notes
Week Three Notes PSYC 440 002
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PSYC 440 002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Carroll on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 440 002 at University of South Carolina taught by Eugene Hubener in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Survey of Personality in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Personality Psych Week Three Correlational Research Which shows a stronger relationship or 3 I or 3 I or 3 It doesn39t matter positive or negative it39s the larger number Performance on tests Anxiety in In general people with no or low anxiety and people with overly anxious will do more poorly on tests than medium anxiety Too much or too little anxiety does not increase performance You cannot make causal statements Correlational studies allow you to study things that you cannot manipulate Gender Age Birth Order Global Selfesteem Extroversion May yield more external validity Case Study An in depth investigation of a single person Example Dora or the Japanese seppuku Advantages Qualitative data Great richness of data In depth knowledge about someone not just a short selfreport Studies participants across time Lots of hypothesis from data Disadvantages No causeeffect statements Observer bias Doesn39t generalize Can39t test hypothesis No control of variables Positive Psvchology Watched a TedTalk on Positive Psychology Flow Csikzentmihalyi Optimal experience how to make the most of your life moment to moment Best way to spend your time Autotelic Activities enjoyable for you what you like to do Flow Objective experience of optimal experiences and autoteic activities How you perceive how enjoyable for yourself Arises when challenges of an activity matches your skills 0 Examples Yoga Meditation Secret to enhancing quality of life 0 Examples Dancers dancing new routines Artists creating a new art piece Flow ChaHeng Boredo Skill If you are within the ow channel you are at optimum enjoyability between anxiety about the activity and boredom with it Hardinessl lifestyle that embraces and accepts life authentic experience Stressful experiences can bring about learning and personal growth 0 Gives life meaning and a purpose to life Reverse Reactionl l conforming to a lifestyle Contrasts hardiness Seeks to avoid stress and develops a conformists lifestyle Existential Views 0 Vegetativeness o Nihilism o Desire for extreme thrills SelfDetermination Theorv Based on distinctions between two ways of seeking happiness Hedonia Max pleasure and min pain Eudaimonia seeking a deeper meaning in life 0 Intrinsic goals 3 Central Intrinsic Goals 1 Autonomy a Find self 2 Competence a Find what your good at 3 Relatedness a Have people around you Research supports advantages of following intrinsic goals Contributes too Wellbeingvitality Positive emotions Wellbeing to others Negatively related to depression anxiety and illness What does it mean to have good mental health in positive psychology o It is more than having good health It is related to life satisfaction gratitude hope and problem solving 0 Focuses on traits and strengths
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