Sociology Notes 2
Sociology Notes 2 0170-100-004
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Neff on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 0170-100-004 at Adelphi University taught by Professor Primeggia in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Adelphi University.
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Date Created: 03/05/16
Basic Characteristics of Modern Capitalism: industry moves into the primary position business use profit to create more profit modern capitalism is middle class capitalism involves savers, workers, and investors Roman Catholics could not understand working for profit because, to them, labor was used as a punishment and repayment for sins. The 95 Thesis’ was a criticism of the Church. Martin Luther wanted the Church to return to its original purity. The Church was becoming too far removed from the people, he felt, by allowing practitioners to pay their way into Heaven. If you were a wealthy man, your first born male child inherits everything and your other sons get bought positions into the military and Church. The Church excommunicated Martin Luther for the 95 Thesis, and when he left him and a group of his followers started their own religion called Lutheranism. When Martin Luther translated the Bible from Greek to German, he mistranslated the word “ponos”, which originally means pain or burden, to mean calling or duty. This is why in Lutheranism work is not considered a punishment; it is considered your godly duty. Because labor is your calling from God, the work that you’re born into is acceptable and you should not strive to be anything else. At the heart of Calvinistic religion is the belief of predestination. Calvin believed that a sign you were predestined for Heaven was if you were inclined to do hard, successful work. The more money you make, therefore, the more you’re proving that you’re going to Heaven. Political Institutions Thomas Hobbs and M. Weber Why is human society ordered and not a jungle, given our human nature of self interest? It is in our self interest to cooperate with others. In today’s society, people give up some of their own freedom to be protected by policing agencies, ie higher powers. The leviathan groups are the only ones that can use violence to protect the rest of the population. What Makes A Society Legitimate? if people put up with it if other countries view our society as legitimate Throughout history there have been three types of legitimate political systems: legal rational traditional charismatic Legal Rational: Authority is given to the position, not the person in the position. In this legitimate system, also, there are general applicable rules that are supposed to cover all cases. Therefore if you don’t fit naturally into the system, you are forced to fit. Traditional Order: there is no separation between the person and the position. People believe in the system as legitimate because it’s always existed. Charismatic: led by a charismatic leader who is believed to be extraordinary. This charismatic leader needs a group that believes in him or her. Charisma is a value free term; the leader can be a sinner or a saint.